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Remote and Flexible Work Options

Learn about remote work policies and flexible work arrangements in Comoros

Remote work

In Comoros, there are currently no specific laws or regulations governing remote work arrangements. The Comorian Labor Code (Code du Travail) primarily focuses on traditional office-based work. However, general labor law provisions regarding working hours, minimum wage, and paid leave may still apply to remote work arrangements in the absence of specific regulations.

The Comorian government has acknowledged the potential benefits of remote work and may introduce regulations in the future.

Technological Infrastructure

Comoros faces challenges with internet access, bandwidth limitations, and reliable electricity supply. These factors can hinder the widespread adoption of remote work. Employers considering remote work arrangements may need to assess the technological capabilities of potential remote employees and explore solutions to mitigate infrastructure limitations.

Employer Responsibilities

The terms and conditions of a remote work arrangement, including work schedule, communication channels, and performance expectations, should be clearly defined in a written employment contract. General health and safety regulations may still apply to remote work. Employers might need to provide guidance on ergonomics and safe work practices in a home office environment, though specific regulations are not yet established. Existing labor laws regarding minimum wage, overtime pay, and paid leave would likely still apply to remote workers.

Flexible work arrangements

Flexible work arrangements come in various forms, and their implementation can vary significantly depending on the specific circumstances and legal framework of a country. In Comoros, for instance, the Labor Code (Code du Travail) does not explicitly address several types of flexible work arrangements, creating a degree of legal uncertainty.

Part-Time Work

Part-time work is one such arrangement. The Comorian Labor Code does not provide clear guidelines or regulations on this type of work, leaving its legality and prevalence largely unknown.


Flexitime, which allows employees to have flexibility in their working hours, is another arrangement not explicitly addressed in the Comorian Labor Code.

Job Sharing

Job sharing, where two or more employees share the responsibilities of one full-time job, is also not explicitly mentioned in the Comorian Labor Code.

The lack of specific regulations makes it challenging to determine the legal implications and requirements for these flexible work arrangements. Employers considering such options should tread cautiously and consult with legal counsel to navigate potential risks.

Equipment and Expense Reimbursements

Without established policies on flexible work arrangements, there are no clear guidelines regarding equipment and expense reimbursements for these options.

Potential Scenario

In the absence of legal regulations, employers could establish policies through written agreements with employees if they decide to offer flexible work arrangements. These agreements would detail responsibilities regarding equipment provision, internet access costs, and any expense reimbursements associated with the flexible work arrangement.

Data protection and privacy

Data protection in Comoros is governed by Law No. 012-013/AU of 2013. Employers handling employee data electronically must comply with this law. Key obligations include lawful processing, security measures, and data retention. Employee data collection must be justified for a legitimate purpose and adhere to legal requirements. Employers must implement appropriate technical and organizational safeguards to protect employee data from unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration, or destruction. Employee data can only be retained for as long as necessary to fulfill the purpose for which it was collected.

In the absence of specific regulations on remote work, a well-defined employment contract is crucial. It should address data security responsibilities for remote employees, including data access restrictions and acceptable use of company equipment.

There are currently no legal provisions specifically addressing employee rights in the context of remote work data privacy. However, the general principles of data protection law still apply. Employees may have rights to access their personal data held by the employer and request corrections if inaccurate, based on the general framework of Law No. 012-013/AU of 2013.

Best Practices for Securing Data

Employers should encourage the use of secure devices and connections for remote work. This may involve providing approved work laptops or requiring strong passwords and encryption for employee devices. Implement access controls to restrict access to company data only to authorized personnel based on the principle of least privilege. Collect and store only the minimum amount of employee data necessary for legitimate business purposes. Provide training to remote employees on data security best practices, including phishing awareness and safe data handling procedures. Develop a plan for responding to data breaches, including notification procedures and data recovery measures.

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