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San Marino

Discover everything you need to know about San Marino

Hire in San Marino at a glance

Here ares some key facts regarding hiring in San Marino

San Marino
GDP growth
GDP world share
Payroll frequency
Working hours
36 hours/week

Overview in San Marino

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San Marino, a microstate surrounded by Italy, is one of the smallest countries globally with a 61 square kilometer area. Founded in 301 AD by Saint Marinus, it boasts the title of the world's oldest surviving republic. Despite its size, San Marino has maintained independence throughout history, even during Italy's unification and World War II, where it provided sanctuary to over 100,000 refugees.

The country operates as a parliamentary republic with a prosperous economy driven by tourism, banking, and manufacturing sectors like ceramics and electronics. It uses the Euro and has a customs union with Italy. San Marino's population is around 35,000, primarily Sammarinese and Italian, with Italian as the official language and Roman Catholicism as the predominant religion.

The workforce is aging, similar to other developed nations, which could impact labor availability and social systems. Many workers commute from Italy, reflecting the small domestic workforce size. The economy benefits significantly from tourism, which capitalizes on its historical and cultural heritage, and a strong manufacturing sector in light industry.

Workplace culture in San Marino emphasizes direct communication, respect, and strong interpersonal relationships, with a notable influence from Italian cultural norms. The economy is closely tied to Italy, affecting its economic dynamics. San Marino is also focusing on emerging sectors like technology and sustainable industries, aiming to attract investment and innovation.

Taxes in San Marino

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Employers in San Marino have various responsibilities regarding social security contributions, including payments towards pensions, healthcare, family allowances, unemployment insurance, and work-related injury insurance. Unlike many countries, San Marino does not have a traditional payroll tax system; instead, employers withhold a 13% tax for certain non-resident foreign workers and contribute to funds like the Employee Severance Fund (TFR) and a general training fund (FondISS).

Employees contribute 8.3% of their salary towards social security, which is the primary tax deduction mechanism in lieu of a separate payroll tax. The social security system supports various social programs, including pensions and healthcare.

San Marino also has a unique tax on imports, the "Imposta Generale sulla Prestazione dei Servizi" (IGPS), similar to VAT, with a standard rate of 17% and reduced rates for specific goods and services. Certain services, like financial services, healthcare, and education, are exempt from IGPS.

For businesses, San Marino offers tax incentives to attract new companies and stimulate economic growth, such as reduced corporate tax rates for new businesses and tax credits for hiring new employees. These incentives include significant reductions in corporate tax rates and exemptions from business license fees, with additional benefits for hiring disadvantaged employees.

Businesses must register for IGPS if involved in importing goods and services, and it's advisable to consult with a tax professional or the San Marino Chamber of Commerce for detailed guidance on tax incentives and filing procedures.

Leave in San Marino

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In San Marino, employees are guaranteed a minimum of 20 working days of paid annual leave per year, as per Law No. 7 of February 21, 1961. This entitlement can increase based on collective agreements or individual contracts. The scheduling of vacations typically requires mutual agreement between employer and employee. Additionally, San Marino celebrates numerous public holidays, including New Year's Day, Epiphany, and Christmas, among others. The legal framework also covers other types of leave such as sick leave, maternity and paternity leave, and parental leave, with specifics often detailed in collective agreements or individual contracts.

Benefits in San Marino

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San Marino provides a robust social safety net through mandatory employee benefits funded by both employer and employee contributions, managed by the National Social Security Institute (INPS). Key mandatory benefits include a pension system, unemployment benefits, and sickness and maternity benefits. The national health system offers free medical care, supplemented by optional private health insurance from some employers for additional coverage like dental and vision care.

Employers in San Marino also offer various optional benefits to enhance health, financial security, work-life balance, and professional development. These include private health insurance, life and disability insurance, flexible working arrangements, childcare assistance, and professional development opportunities.

The public social security system requires contributions from both employers and employees, with eligibility for retirement benefits based on age and contribution years. Additionally, voluntary private retirement plans like Fondiss and employer-sponsored plans are available to supplement the mandatory pension.

Employees should consider their specific health needs, potential cost-sharing benefits, and employer contributions when opting for private health insurance. For retirement, considering tax implications and investment options in private plans can be beneficial to enhance retirement security.

Workers Rights in San Marino

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In San Marino, employment termination must be justified by "just cause" related to severe misconduct, or a "justified subjective reason" linked to company needs like economic changes. Employers are required to provide a written explanation for the dismissal. Notice periods for termination vary by employee classification and length of service, as detailed in employment contracts or collective bargaining agreements. Severance pay is generally due unless termination is for just cause, with the amount influenced by factors such as length of service and reason for termination.

San Marino's anti-discrimination laws protect characteristics including race, gender, and religion, among others. The Equal Opportunities Commission and Labor Tribunals provide mechanisms for addressing discrimination complaints. Employers have responsibilities to prevent discrimination through policies, training, and internal complaint procedures, and must accommodate employees with disabilities.

Work conditions in San Marino typically involve a standard 40-hour workweek, Monday to Friday, with expected rest periods and a focus on work-life balance. Although specific ergonomic requirements are not detailed, adherence to ILO conventions suggests a commitment to safe and healthy work environments. Employers must manage workplace risks, provide safety training, and report accidents, while employees have rights to a safe work environment and can refuse unsafe work. The Secretariat of State for Health and Social Security oversees enforcement of these regulations.

Agreements in San Marino

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San Marino's employment landscape is governed by National Collective Agreements (NCAs) and Individual Employment Contracts. NCAs, negotiated between trade unions and employer associations, set industry-wide standards including minimum wage, working hours, and leave entitlements, and are legally binding. Individual contracts, which must be in Italian, detail specific employment terms such as job description, compensation, and working conditions, building on the NCAs' foundation.

Key components of individual contracts include identification of parties, remuneration, job duties, work schedule, leave policies, and termination details. They also cover confidentiality and intellectual property rights, with specific clauses for dispute resolution. San Marino mandates a probationary period of up to six months in all employment contracts, allowing flexibility in termination during this period. Additionally, contracts often contain confidentiality and non-compete clauses to protect business interests, though their enforceability can vary by jurisdiction.

Remote Work in San Marino

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San Marino is adapting to the trend of remote work, which involves various legal, technological, and employer responsibilities. Although San Marino's labor laws do not specifically mention remote work, existing laws such as Law No. 54/2000 and Decree No. 40/2014 are interpreted to cover remote work scenarios, focusing on employment contracts and workplace safety.

Technologically, San Marino boasts a robust telecommunications infrastructure essential for remote work, emphasizing the need for reliable internet, secure communication tools, and remote access tools. Employers are advised to ensure written agreements for remote work, provide necessary training and equipment, and support a healthy work-life balance.

Flexible work options like part-time work, flexitime, and job sharing are available, though not explicitly detailed in legal texts. Employers and employees typically negotiate these arrangements within the framework of individual employment contracts.

Data protection is a critical aspect, with San Marino adhering to GDPR guidelines. Employers must manage data responsibly, ensuring security measures like encryption and secure access protocols are in place, and employees are aware of their data protection rights.

Overall, the shift to remote work in San Marino requires comprehensive management of legal, technological, and data security considerations to ensure a productive and secure working environment.

Working Hours in San Marino

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San Marino maintains a standard 40-hour workweek, with an 8-hour workday, aligning with typical European standards. Labor regulations are governed by various decrees and agreements, including Collective Bargaining Agreements (CBA) and Legislative Decrees, which may specify different working hours for certain sectors.

Overtime Rules:

  • Overtime Pay: Required for hours worked beyond the standard workweek.
  • Overtime Rate: At least 1.263 times the regular hourly wage for the first 8 overtime hours per week.
  • Increased Overtime Rate: Double the regular hourly wage for any additional overtime hours beyond the first 8 in a week.

Breaks and Night/Weekend Work:

  • Employees typically receive a minimum 30-minute lunch break.
  • Night work, defined as work between 10:00 PM and 7:00 AM, includes a mandatory pay increase and restrictions for certain groups like pregnant women and minors.
  • Weekend work requires compensatory rest and often an additional pay increase, with specifics determined through CBAs or individual contracts.

Additional Considerations:

  • Shift work schedules must be established in writing and communicated in advance.
  • Employers and employees should consult the latest laws and CBAs for current regulations and rights concerning labor practices in San Marino.

Salary in San Marino

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Understanding competitive salaries in San Marino is essential for attracting and retaining employees. Factors influencing these salaries include job title, education, experience, industry, and company size. The cost of living and benefits like health insurance and paid time off also play significant roles. San Marino's minimum wage is €9.24 per hour or €1,501.49 per month, unchanged since 2007. Employers often offer additional benefits such as paid annual leave, maternity leave, and sick leave. Common bonuses include performance-based incentives and allowances for meals and transportation. Payment practices vary, with monthly bank transfers being most common, and employers must provide detailed payslips with each payment.

Termination in San Marino

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In San Marino, employment termination and severance pay are governed by specific legal frameworks, primarily focusing on notice periods and severance pay entitlements.

Notice Periods:

  • Notice periods are determined by collective bargaining agreements, individual contracts, or statutory minimums if no specific period is defined.
  • Statutory minimums vary with the length of service, ranging from 15 days for less than 6 months of service to a maximum of 6 months for longer tenures.
  • Both employers and employees must adhere to these notice periods, and employers are required to allow reasonable time off for job hunting during this period.

Severance Pay:

  • Severance pay, or "TFR," is calculated as 7.5% of the gross annual salary, accruing yearly and payable upon termination for any reason.
  • Law No. 57 of March 19, 1973, governs severance pay, with potential enhancements from collective agreements.
  • Exceptions may apply in cases of serious misconduct, where an employee might forfeit their severance entitlements.

Termination Procedures:

  • Termination can occur with notice, by mutual agreement, through summary dismissal for just cause, or automatically at the expiry of fixed-term contracts.
  • Proper written notice and, if applicable, a fair investigation into alleged misconduct are required.
  • Employees have the right to contest unfair or unjustified dismissals through legal channels.

These regulations ensure both parties engage in fair and legally compliant termination practices, safeguarding the rights and obligations of employees and employers in San Marino.

Freelancing in San Marino

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In San Marino, the distinction between employees and independent contractors is primarily based on control, integration, remuneration, social security, dependence, and risk. Employees work under the employer's control and direction, receive a fixed salary, and have statutory social security contributions. Independent contractors, however, operate autonomously, are paid per project, and handle their own social security contributions.

Key considerations for independent contractors include:

  • Contract Structures: It's crucial to have a written agreement that clearly outlines the scope of work, deliverables, payment terms, and dispute resolution mechanisms. Local legal templates can be useful.

  • Negotiation Practices: Contractors should leverage their skills and market research to negotiate effectively. Transparent communication about project details is essential for a successful partnership.

  • Common Industries: Independent contractors are prevalent in IT, creative services, consulting, tourism, construction, and more.

  • Intellectual Property (IP): Generally, the creator owns the IP unless the contract specifies otherwise. Contractors retain moral rights even if the IP ownership is transferred to the client.

  • Tax and Insurance: Independent contractors must register as self-employed, file annual tax returns, and make their own social security contributions. While insurance isn't mandatory, options like General Liability Insurance and Professional Indemnity Insurance are recommended.

Understanding these aspects is crucial for navigating the legal and practical landscapes of freelancing in San Marino.

Health & Safety in San Marino

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San Marino's Law on Hygiene and Health in the Workplace, established by Decree no. 31 of 1998, mandates employers to ensure the health and safety of their workforce. Employers are required to assess risks, implement preventive measures, and provide safety training and information. The law covers various workplace hazards, including physical, chemical, ergonomic, and psychosocial risks, and offers special protections for vulnerable groups such as pregnant workers, young workers, and those with disabilities.

Employers are also responsible for reporting and investigating workplace incidents and ensuring compliance with safety regulations through measures like health surveillance, provision of personal protective equipment, and maintaining safe work equipment. The Occupational Health and Safety Unit within the San Marino Institute for Social Security enforces these regulations, conducting inspections and imposing penalties for non-compliance.

Workplace inspections are crucial for identifying hazards, verifying risk mitigation, and collecting data to inform policy. These inspections can lead to improvement notices and penalties for serious violations. Additionally, in the event of workplace accidents, employers must report and investigate the incidents, with injured workers entitled to compensation through a compulsory work injury insurance scheme.

Dispute Resolution in San Marino

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San Marino handles employment and labor disputes through its Civil Court, led by a Commissioner of the Law, covering issues from individual employment contracts to social security. The court encourages conciliation before moving to formal hearings if necessary. Arbitration is also available as an alternative dispute resolution, requiring a written agreement and can be less formal than court proceedings but still adheres to due process.

The legal framework for labor disputes and arbitration in San Marino is primarily based on the Code of Civil Procedure, and while specific English resources on San Marino's laws are limited, the country aligns with international labor standards through various ILO conventions and the European Social Charter. These international commitments influence domestic laws, ensuring protections like freedom of association, collective bargaining rights, and non-discrimination in the workplace.

San Marino also places importance on compliance audits and inspections across various sectors to adhere to both local and international standards, which are crucial for maintaining community trust and international relations. The country has established whistleblower protections under Law No. 80 of 2013, which safeguards against retaliation and ensures confidentiality, encouraging both internal and external reporting of wrongdoing.

Overall, San Marino demonstrates a structured approach to managing labor relations, compliance, and whistleblower protections, reflecting its commitment to upholding both national and international labor standards.

Cultural Considerations in San Marino

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San Marino's business communication is characterized by indirectness, formality, and the importance of non-verbal cues. The culture values politeness and diplomacy, with a low assertiveness index suggesting a preference for relationship-building and avoiding confrontation. Formal interactions are common, especially in larger corporations, with a respectful use of titles and appropriate business attire. Non-verbal communication, such as eye contact and gestures, plays a crucial role in building rapport, while silence is used reflectively.

Negotiations in San Marino emphasize relationship-building and a win-win approach, often involving lengthy discussions to reach consensus. The business environment is hierarchical, with decision-making typically following a top-down approach and limited employee participation. Leadership tends to be directive, focusing on clear instructions and maintaining relationships.

Public holidays, deeply rooted in cultural and religious significance, impact business operations significantly, with most businesses closing or reducing hours. These observances, along with regional customs like the Bread Festival and the San Marino Motorcycle Grand Prix, also influence local business activities.

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