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Salary and Compensation Insights

Explore salary structures and compensation details in Eswatini

Market competitive salaries

Understanding market competitive salaries is crucial for both employers and employees in Eswatini. It ensures fair compensation for employees while maintaining business sustainability for employers.

Understanding Market Competitive Salaries

Market competitive salaries represent the compensation package offered for a specific position that aligns with prevailing rates within a particular industry and geographic location. This package typically includes a base salary, benefits such as health insurance and pension, and other perks.

Importance of Market Competitive Salaries

Competitive salaries offer a range of benefits for both employers and employees:

  • Employee Benefits: Competitive salaries attract and retain top talent, boost morale and motivation, and contribute to a positive work environment.
  • Employer Benefits: Offering competitive salaries helps businesses attract qualified candidates, reduces employee turnover costs, and enhances employer branding.

Determining Market Competitive Salaries in Eswatini

Data scarcity can make it challenging to pinpoint exact market competitive salaries in Eswatini. Here are some resources and approaches to navigate this:

  • Government Resources: The Eswatini Ministry of Labour and Social Security might publish salary surveys or reports offering insights into national or regional salary trends.
  • Industry Associations: Professional associations in Eswatini may conduct salary surveys specific to their respective industries.
  • Salary Surveys: International recruitment agencies or HR consulting firms might publish salary reports for Eswatini or the broader Southern African region. These reports can provide a general benchmark.
  • Job Boards: Analyze salary ranges advertised for similar positions on job boards operating in Eswatini or regionally.


Salary data from online job boards may not always be entirely accurate. It's recommended to use this information as a starting point for further research.

Minimum wage

Eswatini regulates minimum wages through the Wages Act, 1964 (Act 16 of 1964). This act establishes a Wages Advisory Board responsible for recommending minimum wages and working conditions across various industries.

Minimum Wage Setting Process

The Wages Advisory Board, appointed by the Minister responsible for Labour, conducts investigations and gathers information on wage levels across different sectors. Based on their findings, the Board recommends minimum wage rates to the Minister. The Minister, through Statutory Instruments, enacts Wages Regulation Orders that establish minimum wages for specific industries or occupations.

Minimum Wage Variations

Eswatini's minimum wage regulations typically establish differentiated rates based on factors like:

  • Skill Level: Minimum wages are often higher for skilled workers compared to unskilled workers.
  • Industry Sector: Minimum wage rates may vary depending on the specific industry.
  • Experience Level: Some sectors might have minimum wage scales that consider experience levels.

Important Note

The most recent publicly available information on minimum wage rates in Eswatini dates back to January 1, 2011. It's crucial to consult the latest Wages Regulation Orders for the most up-to-date minimum wage figures.

Enforcement of Minimum Wage Regulations

The Ministry of Labour and Social Security is responsible for enforcing minimum wage regulations in Eswatini. Labour Inspectors conduct inspections to ensure employers comply with the mandated minimum wage rates.

Legislative Reference

The Wages Act (Section 15) outlines the consequences of non-compliance with minimum wage regulations. For the most current and accurate information on minimum wage regulations in Eswatini, it's advisable to consult the Eswatini Government Gazette or contact the Ministry of Labour and Social Security.

Bonuses and allowances

Beyond their base salary, employees in Eswatini may receive a variety of bonuses and allowances from their employers. These additional benefits can significantly enhance an employee's total compensation package.

Performance-Based Bonuses

Performance bonuses reward employees for exceeding set targets or achieving specific goals. Additionally, salespeople and some commission-based roles might earn commissions on top of their base salary for exceeding sales targets.

Non-Performance Based Bonuses

The 13th Month Pay, also known as a double month's pay or annual bonus, is a common benefit offered by some employers, typically paid in December as a bonus. Some employers might also offer a housing allowance to help employees offset housing costs.


The Cost of Living Allowance (COLA) helps adjust for inflation and rising living expenses. A transport allowance may be provided to cover commuting expenses between home and work. Employers might offer meal allowances to cover the cost of meals during work hours. Employees are typically entitled to overtime pay for working beyond the standard workweek as mandated by the Swazi Employment Act.

Please note that this is not an exhaustive list, and the specific types of bonuses and allowances offered can vary depending on the employer, industry, and employee position.

Payroll cycle

Understanding payroll cycles is crucial for both employers and employees in Eswatini. A well-structured payroll cycle ensures timely payment of salaries and employee benefits, fostering trust and a positive work environment.

The Swazi Employment Act and Payroll

The Swazi Employment Act 2007 establishes the legal framework for employment contracts and terms in Eswatini. While the Act doesn't explicitly dictate payroll frequency, it does mention:

  • Section 27: Timeous Payment of Wages - Employers must pay wages "without undue delay" and at least once a month.

This implies monthly payroll cycles are the legal minimum, but more frequent payments are permissible.

Common Payroll Cycle Practices in Eswatini

In Eswatini, the most common payroll cycle is monthly, with salaries typically paid at the end of the month. However, some variations exist:

  • Bi-weekly: Certain industries, particularly those with a high turnover rate, might opt for bi-weekly (twice a month) payroll cycles.
  • Fortnightly: Similar to bi-weekly, fortnightly cycles pay employees every two weeks, often on a specific day (e.g., 15th and last day of the month).

Key Components of a Payroll Cycle in Eswatini

A typical payroll cycle in Eswatini involves several steps:

  1. Timesheet Submission: Employees submit timesheets or have their work hours electronically recorded.
  2. Earnings Calculation: Employers calculate gross pay based on hours worked, salary rates, and any applicable bonuses or allowances.
  3. Deductions and Withholdings: Mandatory deductions like employee income tax (PAYE) and social security contributions are withheld from gross pay.
  4. Net Pay Calculation: After deductions, the net salary payable to the employee is determined.
  5. Payroll Processing: Payroll departments or outsourced providers finalize the process, ensuring accurate calculations and timely payments.
  6. Salary Payment: Salaries are paid to employees through bank transfers, cash payments, or checks, depending on the employer's chosen method.

Employers must adhere to tax regulations and social security contribution requirements during the payroll process.

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