Rivermate | Eswatini flag


499 EUR per employee per month

Discover everything you need to know about Eswatini

Hire in Eswatini at a glance

Here ares some key facts regarding hiring in Eswatini

Swazi Lilangeni
GDP growth
GDP world share
Payroll frequency
Working hours
48 hours/week

Overview in Eswatini

Read more

Eswatini, a small landlocked country in Southern Africa, is bordered by South Africa and Mozambique. It features diverse landscapes from mountains to savannas and is governed from two capitals, Mbabane and Lobamba. Originally a British protectorate, it gained independence in 1968 and was renamed from Swaziland to Eswatini in 2018 by King Mswati III, reflecting its absolute monarchy system.

Socio-Economic Landscape

Eswatini's economy is primarily based on agriculture, mining, and manufacturing, with significant challenges such as high poverty and HIV/AIDS rates. The country has a young population with a median age of 22, facing high unemployment, especially among youth and women.

Cultural Traditions

Swazi culture emphasizes community and tradition, celebrating festivals like the Umhlanga and Incwala. The society values respect for elders and authority, impacting social and workplace dynamics.

Skill Levels and Sectoral Distribution

The workforce in Eswatini is mixed-skilled with a need for more technical and vocational training. Agriculture employs many, especially in rural areas, while the manufacturing sector focuses on textiles and sugar processing. The service sector is growing but still limited in job creation.

Workplace Culture

In Eswatini, workplaces are hierarchical, respecting age and social status. Communication tends to be indirect to maintain harmony, and English and SiSwati are commonly used. Modern companies may exhibit flatter management styles.

Economic Sectors

Agriculture is vital, with sugarcane as the primary crop. The manufacturing sector is crucial for exports and domestic consumption, and the service sector, including tourism, shows growth potential. Emerging sectors like renewable energy and ICT are seen as opportunities for development and job creation.

Rivermate | bulb icon

Get a payroll calculation for Eswatini

Understand what the employment costs are that you have to consider when hiring Eswatini

Employer of Record in Eswatini

Rivermate is a global Employer of Record company that helps you hire employees in Eswatini without the need to set up a legal entity. We act as the Employer of Record for your employees in Eswatini, taking care of all the legal and compliance aspects of employment, so you can focus on growing your business.

How does it work?

When you hire employees in Eswatini through Rivermate, we become the legal employer of your staff. This means that we take on all the responsibilities of an employer, while you retain the day-to-day management of your employees.

You as the company maintain the direct relationshiop with the employee, you allocate them the work and manage their performance.
Rivermate takes care of the local payrolling of the employee, the contracts, HR, benefits and compliance.

Responsibilities of an Employer of Record

As an Employer of Record in Eswatini, Rivermate is responsible for:

  • Creating and managing the employment contracts
  • Running the monthly payroll
  • Providing local and global benefits
  • Ensuring 100% local compliance
  • Providing local HR support

Responsibilities of the company that hires the employee

As the company that hires the employee through the Employer of Record, you are responsible for:

  • Day-to-day management of the employee
  • Work assignments
  • Performance management
  • Training and development

Taxes in Eswatini

Read more
  • Eswatini National Provident Fund (ENPF): Employers in Eswatini must contribute 5% of an employee's gross salary to the ENPF, which provides retirement, disability, and survivor benefits.

  • Skills Development Fund: Employers with an annual salary bill over E80,000 must contribute approximately 1% to this fund.

  • Tax System: Eswatini has a progressive tax system with a tax-free threshold of E41,000 per year. Resident taxpayers receive a tax rebate (E8,200 or E10,900 for those over 60), increasing the tax-free threshold.

  • Deductible Contributions: Employees can deduct up to 10% of their gross salary for pension fund contributions and up to 15% for retirement annuity fund contributions, with the total deduction reduced by any pension fund contributions.

  • VAT: The standard VAT rate is 15%. Businesses with a turnover exceeding E500,000 must register for VAT. The reverse charge mechanism applies to imported services, shifting VAT responsibility to the Swazi recipient.

  • Corporate Tax Rate: The corporate income tax rate is 27.5%, potentially reduced to 12.5% for qualifying companies. Development incentives include reduced tax rates and customs duty exemptions.

  • Sector-Specific Incentives: There are incentives for manufacturing, export, agriculture, and tourism sectors, aimed at encouraging investment and development.

  • Regional Incentives: Additional benefits are available for businesses in designated development zones or less-developed regions.

  • Compliance: Employers must register with the ENPF, withhold employee contributions, and remit payments monthly. Non-compliance can result in penalties.

Leave in Eswatini

Read more
  • Eswatini Employment Act of 1980: Employees who work at least 21 consecutive days per month over a 12-month period are entitled to a minimum of 14 working days of paid vacation leave annually. This leave accrues proportionally throughout the year and should ideally be taken within the same year it is earned.

  • Compensation During Leave: Employees receive their regular salary during their vacation.

  • Public Holidays in Eswatini: Include New Year's Day, Somhlolo Day (Independence Day), King's Birthday, National Flag Day, Labor Day, Ascension Day, Umhlanga Reed Dance Day, Incwala Day, Christmas Day, and Boxing Day.

  • Other Types of Leave:

    • Sick Leave: Available after six months of service, with compensation depending on the length of service.
    • Maternity Leave: 14 weeks, with at least one month paid by the employer.
    • Compassionate and Special Circumstance Leave: For events like family death, marriage, and civic duties, with specific terms depending on employment agreements.

Benefits in Eswatini

Read more

In Eswatini, employees are entitled to several mandated benefits, including paid leave, social security, and termination benefits. Here's a breakdown of these benefits:

  • Paid Leave: Employees receive 11 days of annual leave, 11 public holidays, up to 28 days of sick leave, and 12 weeks of maternity leave (with the first 6 weeks fully paid).
  • Social Security Benefits: Contributions to the provident fund system are made by both employers and employees, providing retirement, disability, and survivor benefits.
  • Termination Benefits: Employees are entitled to a notice period and potentially severance pay upon termination, depending on their length of service.

Additionally, some employers in Eswatini offer optional benefits to enhance their competitiveness, such as:

  • Private Health Insurance: To supplement the public healthcare system.
  • Life and Disability Insurance: For added financial security.
  • Pension Top-Up Schemes: To increase retirement savings.
  • Flexible Work Arrangements: To improve work-life balance.
  • Training and Development Opportunities: To support professional growth.
  • Family-Friendly Benefits: Such as childcare subsidies and flexible working hours.
  • Car Allowances or Company Cars: Especially for roles requiring frequent travel.

These benefits, both mandatory and optional, aim to provide financial security and improve the quality of life for employees in Eswatini.

Workers Rights in Eswatini

Read more
  • Termination of Employment: In Eswatini, valid reasons for terminating an employee include misconduct (e.g., theft, gross insubordination), incapacity (due to performance, illness, or injury), and operational requirements. Notice periods vary based on the length of service, ranging from one week to over a month with additional days for longer tenures.

  • Severance Pay: Employees with over a year of service are entitled to severance pay, calculated as 10 working days' wages for each completed year of service beyond the first year, except in cases of serious misconduct or refusal of suitable alternative employment.

  • Anti-Discrimination Laws: The Constitution prohibits discrimination based on various characteristics, although it does not cover sexual orientation, gender identity, or marital status. Employers must adhere to anti-discrimination laws in all aspects of employment.

  • Redress for Discrimination: Victims of discrimination can seek legal remedy through the Industrial Court for employment-related cases or the High Court for broader issues. The Commission on Human Rights and Public Administration also handles discrimination complaints.

  • Employer Responsibilities: Employers are required to implement non-discriminatory policies, prevent harassment, provide anti-discrimination training, and establish reporting procedures for discrimination.

  • Challenges: Implementation and enforcement of anti-discrimination laws face obstacles such as lack of comprehensive legislation, limited awareness, and conflicts with customary practices.

  • Labor Standards: The standard work week is 48 hours, with regulations on overtime pay. Employees are entitled to breaks and rest periods, and employers must meet ergonomic requirements under the Occupational Safety and Health Act.

  • Occupational Safety and Health (OSH): Employers have significant responsibilities including risk assessment, providing safe work equipment and PPE, and training employees. The Department of Labour's OSH Inspectorate Unit enforces these regulations.

Agreements in Eswatini

Read more

In Eswatini, the Employment Act of 1980 regulates employment agreements, which include indefinite term contracts, fixed-term contracts, part-time employment contracts, and collective agreements. Here are the key aspects of these agreements:

  • Indefinite Term Contracts: These contracts do not have a set end date, providing stability for both parties. Termination follows specific procedures under the Employment Act.

  • Fixed-Term Contracts: These are used for temporary, seasonal, or project-based work, with clear start and end dates.

  • Part-Time Employment Contracts: For employees working fewer hours than full-time, these contracts detail hours, schedules, and benefits.

  • Collective Agreements: Negotiated between employers or their associations and trade unions, these set out employment terms for specific industries or workplaces.

The law also addresses employment for young workers and domestic employees, ensuring compliance with the Employment Act. Employment agreements in Eswatini should include clauses on basic information, job description, remuneration, working conditions, leave entitlements, termination, and dispute resolution.

Additionally, the Employment Act recognizes a probationary period, typically three months, to assess new employees' suitability. During this period, employment can be terminated without notice.

Confidentiality and non-compete clauses are crucial for protecting business interests. Confidentiality clauses safeguard sensitive information, while non-compete clauses prevent employees from joining competitors immediately after leaving the company. However, the enforceability of non-compete clauses depends on their reasonableness in scope, duration, and geographic reach.

Remote Work in Eswatini

Read more

In Eswatini, there is no specific legislation for remote work, but existing laws such as the Employment Act of 1982 provide a framework that can be adapted for remote work scenarios. This includes establishing terms through written contracts that detail working hours, communication methods, and equipment provisions. Challenges include adapting these laws to remote work and ensuring compliance, alongside dealing with inconsistent internet access across the country. Despite these challenges, there are efforts to improve ICT infrastructure to support remote work.

Employers have responsibilities under the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) of 2006 to ensure a safe working environment, which extends to home offices in remote work settings. They must also secure company data with appropriate measures and maintain effective communication and collaboration among remote teams.

Flexible work arrangements like part-time work, flexitime, and job sharing are not directly addressed in Eswatini's laws but can be managed through contractual agreements that specify conditions and expectations. Employers are not mandated to reimburse for equipment or expenses unless negotiated, and they must ensure data privacy and security, adhering to principles of data minimization and transparency.

Employees retain rights to access and control over their personal data, even in remote settings. Best practices for data security include strong passwords, encryption, secure remote access, employee training, regular data backups, and a solid incident response plan.

Working Hours in Eswatini

Read more

Overview of Eswatini's Employment Act of 1980

Eswatini's Employment Act of 1980 sets the standard workweek at 45 hours from Monday to Friday for most employees, while security guards and watchmen have a 72-hour workweek. The Act does not specify daily working hours but does outline regulations for overtime, which requires employee consent and must be compensated at a minimum of one and a half times the normal wage rate. Working on a rest day entitles employees to double their normal wage rate.

Overtime Regulations

There are no specific legal limits on daily or weekly overtime hours; however, the total working hours should remain reasonable to ensure employee well-being. The Act allows for flexibility in overtime compensation through individual contracts or collective bargaining agreements.

Breaks and Rest Periods

The Act mandates a minimum 30-minute break for employees working more than five hours continuously. It does not specify additional break requirements, leaving room for further definition through individual contracts or collective bargaining agreements.

Night Shifts and Weekend Work

The Act does not provide specific regulations for night shifts or premium pay for weekend work, except that working on a designated rest day warrants double pay. These conditions can be enhanced through negotiations in employment contracts.

Legal Interpretations and Additional Considerations

The Swaziland Industrial Court, now potentially the Eswatini Industrial Court, may offer interpretations on what constitutes "reasonable" working hours and breaks, although these are not statutory laws but precedents that may influence court decisions.

Salary in Eswatini

Read more

Understanding market competitive salaries in Eswatini is essential for ensuring fair employee compensation and maintaining business sustainability. These salaries include a base salary and benefits like health insurance and pensions. For employers, offering competitive salaries attracts qualified candidates and reduces turnover, while for employees, it enhances job satisfaction and motivation.

Determining these salaries in Eswatini can be challenging due to data scarcity. Useful resources include government reports, industry associations, international salary surveys, and job boards, though the accuracy of online data may vary. The Wages Act, 1964, and subsequent Wages Regulation Orders set minimum wages, which vary by skill, industry, and experience levels.

Enforcement of these regulations is managed by the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, with penalties outlined for non-compliance. Additionally, employees may receive bonuses and allowances, such as performance-based bonuses, the 13th Month Pay, and allowances for housing, transport, and meals.

The Swazi Employment Act 2007 governs employment terms and implies a minimum monthly payroll cycle, although more frequent cycles are permissible. Payroll processes involve timesheet submission, earnings calculation, deductions, and final payment, with strict adherence to tax and social security laws.

Termination in Eswatini

Read more
  • Notice Periods: The Employment Act of 1980 in Eswatini specifies notice periods based on the duration of employment, ranging from one week after probation to one month plus additional days for each year of service beyond twelve months. Exceptions include the probationary period, fixed-term contracts, and summary dismissal for serious misconduct.

  • Employee Rights: During the notice period, employees are entitled to reasonable time to seek new employment, typically twelve hours per week.

  • Severance Pay: Employees may be entitled to severance pay in cases of redundancy, employer incapacity, or involuntary retrenchment. However, severance pay is not granted for retirement, summary dismissal for misconduct, resignation, or the completion of a fixed-term contract.

  • Calculation of Severance Pay: Severance pay, if applicable, is calculated at ten working days' wages for each completed year of service beyond the first year.

  • Termination Procedures: Termination must be accompanied by a notice, preferably in written form, and the reasons for termination must be valid and documented. Summary dismissals are restricted to cases of gross misconduct.

  • Unfair Dismissal: Employees can challenge unfair dismissals at the Industrial Court, which may order remedies such as reinstatement or compensation.

Freelancing in Eswatini

Read more

In Eswatini, the distinction between employees and independent contractors is determined through a common law framework, primarily using the dominant impression test which evaluates control, integration, and financial arrangements. Employees are more integrated into the company, controlled by the employer, and receive regular salaries with benefits. Independent contractors, however, maintain autonomy over their work processes, invoice for their services, and handle their own taxes and benefits.

The legal framework for independent contractor agreements in Eswatini is informed by common law principles and judicial decisions, focusing on clear definitions of scope of work, compensation, confidentiality, and termination procedures. Negotiations for these agreements should emphasize clarity and include dispute resolution mechanisms.

Independent contracting is prevalent in various sectors such as IT, construction, and creative industries. Intellectual property rights, including copyrights, trademarks, and patents, are significant for independent contractors, generally favoring the creator unless otherwise stipulated in a written agreement.

Freelancers and independent contractors must register for income tax and VAT if they meet certain thresholds, and they are advised to secure insurance such as professional indemnity, public liability, business interruption, and health insurance to mitigate risks associated with self-employment.

Health & Safety in Eswatini

Read more

Eswatini has established comprehensive laws and regulations to ensure workplace safety and public health. The primary legal frameworks include the Occupational Safety and Health Act, 2001 and the Factories, Machinery and Construction Works Act, 1972, which set standards for safe working conditions, hazard control, and accident reporting. Additionally, the Public Health Act, 1969 addresses broader health issues like communicable diseases and sanitation.

Employers in Eswatini are responsible for risk assessments, implementing safety measures, and providing training, while employees must adhere to safety practices and report hazards. The Department of Labor within the Ministry of Labor and Social Security enforces these regulations, with labor inspectors authorized to conduct inspections and enforce compliance.

The landscape of health and safety is continuously evolving, necessitating that both employers and employees stay informed about new regulations and practices to maintain safety and health standards effectively. Despite robust regulations, challenges such as limited resources and the informal sector's nature present ongoing hurdles in comprehensive enforcement and awareness.

Dispute Resolution in Eswatini

Read more

Eswatini's labor dispute resolution primarily occurs through the Industrial Court, which handles a variety of employment-related disputes including wrongful termination, unpaid wages, and discrimination. The Supreme Court serves as the final appellate body for these matters. The Industrial Court process typically involves conciliation efforts followed by a formal hearing if necessary, with decisions subject to appeal at the Supreme Court.

The country also utilizes arbitration under the Industrial Relations Act and the Arbitration Act to offer a potentially quicker, less costly alternative for resolving labor disputes. Labor inspections and compliance audits are conducted by the Department of Labor to enforce labor laws, focusing on fair wages, safe working conditions, and adherence to employment contracts.

Despite some protections for whistleblowers under the Industrial Relations Act and the Prevention of Corruption Act, Eswatini lacks comprehensive legal safeguards for whistleblowers, which can deter reporting of labor violations. The country has ratified several core International Labour Organization (ILO) conventions, which support fundamental labor rights, but still faces challenges in fully integrating these standards into national law and practice. Areas needing improvement include collective bargaining rights, freedom of association, child labor issues, and overall enforcement of labor laws.

Cultural Considerations in Eswatini

Read more

Understanding Communication Styles in Eswatini's Workplaces

  • Indirectness and Respect: In Eswatini, communication tends to be indirect, prioritizing respect for hierarchy and avoiding confrontation, in line with the cultural value of siSwati or proper customary behavior. Professionals may use euphemisms and indirect suggestions rather than direct language, especially in sensitive contexts like salary negotiations.

  • Formality in Interaction: The workplace environment in Eswatini is formal. Titles and surnames are commonly used in addressing superiors, and meetings are structured with clear leadership roles. Business attire is conservative, and maintaining a professional appearance is crucial.

  • Non-Verbal Communication: Non-verbal cues are significant in Eswatini. Eye contact with superiors can be seen as challenging, so respectful glances are preferred. Silence might indicate respect or contemplation, and overt gestures could be viewed as unprofessional.

Negotiation Practices in Eswatini

  • Building Relationships: Negotiations emphasize patience and building relationships before discussing business specifics. Initial interactions often involve social conversations to establish trust.

  • Avoiding Direct Confrontation: Direct confrontation is avoided in favor of euphemisms and respectful persuasion. Negotiators use indirect language to maintain a positive negotiation climate.

  • Flexibility and Decision-Making: Swati negotiators may avoid strong initial offers or immediate decisions, allowing room for contemplation and flexibility.

  • Cultural Influences: Respect for seniority and hierarchy influences negotiation, with a focus on long-term relationships and avoiding public embarrassment.

Business Structure and Dynamics

  • Hierarchical Decision-Making: Decision-making is typically top-down, with senior managers holding significant authority. Employees often defer to superiors, which can limit initiative at lower levels.

  • Team Dynamics and Leadership: Teams may operate in silos with clear reporting lines. Leadership styles traditionally lean authoritative but are evolving to incorporate more participative and transformational elements, balancing authority with respect and motivation.

Cultural and Business Observances

  • Statutory Holidays: Eswatini observes several national holidays like the King's Birthday and National Independence Day, during which businesses and government offices may close.

  • Regional Observances: Local traditions may also affect business operations, particularly in rural areas during cultural festivals like the Incwala ceremony.

Planning for Business Success

  • To navigate these closures and cultural nuances effectively, it is advisable to consult local partners and official calendars to plan business activities and meetings strategically.

Frequently Asked Questions for Employer of Record services in Eswatini

Is it possible to hire independent contractors in Eswatini?

Yes, it is possible to hire independent contractors in Eswatini. However, there are several important considerations to keep in mind:

  1. Legal Framework: Eswatini has specific labor laws that distinguish between employees and independent contractors. It is crucial to ensure that the relationship with the contractor is clearly defined to avoid any misclassification issues. Misclassification can lead to legal and financial repercussions, including fines and back payments for benefits.

  2. Contractual Agreement: When hiring an independent contractor, it is essential to have a well-drafted contract that outlines the scope of work, payment terms, duration of the contract, and other relevant details. This contract should clearly state that the individual is an independent contractor and not an employee.

  3. Taxation: Independent contractors in Eswatini are responsible for their own taxes. As an employer, you are not required to withhold income tax or contribute to social security on behalf of the contractor. However, it is advisable to ensure that the contractor is compliant with local tax laws to avoid any potential liabilities.

  4. Benefits and Protections: Independent contractors are not entitled to the same benefits and protections as employees under Eswatini labor laws. This includes things like paid leave, severance pay, and other statutory benefits. It is important to make this distinction clear in the contractual agreement.

  5. Intellectual Property: If the work involves the creation of intellectual property, it is important to include clauses in the contract that address the ownership and rights to the intellectual property created by the contractor.

  6. Dispute Resolution: Including a dispute resolution mechanism in the contract can help manage any disagreements that may arise during the course of the engagement. This can include arbitration or mediation clauses.

Using an Employer of Record (EOR) service like Rivermate can simplify the process of hiring independent contractors in Eswatini. An EOR can help ensure compliance with local laws, manage payroll and tax obligations, and provide a layer of protection against misclassification risks. This allows you to focus on your core business activities while ensuring that your contractual relationships are managed effectively and in accordance with local regulations.

What is the timeline for setting up a company in Eswatini?

Setting up a company in Eswatini involves several steps and can take a considerable amount of time due to various administrative and regulatory requirements. Here is a detailed timeline for setting up a company in Eswatini:

  1. Name Reservation (1-2 weeks):

    • The first step is to reserve a company name with the Registrar of Companies. This process typically takes about 1 to 2 weeks. You need to submit an application form and pay the required fee. The Registrar will check the availability of the proposed name and, if approved, reserve it for a specified period.
  2. Preparation of Incorporation Documents (1-2 weeks):

    • Once the name is reserved, the next step is to prepare the necessary incorporation documents. These include the Memorandum and Articles of Association, which outline the company's structure, purpose, and operational guidelines. This process can take about 1 to 2 weeks, depending on the complexity of the documents and the efficiency of the legal advisors involved.
  3. Submission and Registration (2-4 weeks):

    • After preparing the incorporation documents, you need to submit them to the Registrar of Companies for registration. This process involves filling out the required forms and paying the registration fees. The Registrar will review the documents, and if everything is in order, the company will be officially registered. This step can take approximately 2 to 4 weeks.
  4. Tax Registration (1-2 weeks):

    • Once the company is registered, it must be registered with the Eswatini Revenue Authority (SRA) for tax purposes. This includes obtaining a Tax Identification Number (TIN) and registering for Value Added Tax (VAT) if applicable. This process typically takes about 1 to 2 weeks.
  5. Social Security Registration (1-2 weeks):

    • The company must also register with the Eswatini National Provident Fund (ENPF) for social security purposes. This involves submitting the necessary forms and documentation to the ENPF. This process can take about 1 to 2 weeks.
  6. Opening a Bank Account (1-2 weeks):

    • Opening a corporate bank account is another essential step. This process involves submitting the company's incorporation documents, proof of registration, and other required information to the bank. The time required to open a bank account can vary but typically takes about 1 to 2 weeks.
  7. Obtaining Business Licenses and Permits (Variable):

    • Depending on the nature of the business, you may need to obtain specific licenses and permits from various government agencies. The time required for this step can vary significantly based on the type of business and the specific requirements of the relevant authorities.

In summary, the entire process of setting up a company in Eswatini can take anywhere from 2 to 3 months, assuming there are no significant delays or complications. Using an Employer of Record (EOR) service like Rivermate can streamline this process significantly. An EOR can handle many of the administrative and compliance-related tasks on your behalf, allowing you to focus on your core business activities and reducing the time and effort required to establish a legal presence in Eswatini.

Who handles the filing and payment of employees' taxes and social insurance contributions when using an Employer of Record in Eswatini?

When using an Employer of Record (EOR) like Rivermate in Eswatini, the EOR handles the filing and payment of employees' taxes and social insurance contributions. This includes the calculation, withholding, and remittance of income tax to the Eswatini Revenue Authority (SRA) as well as contributions to the National Provident Fund (NPF) and other relevant social insurance schemes. The EOR ensures compliance with local tax laws and regulations, thereby relieving the client company of the administrative burden and complexities associated with these obligations. This allows the client company to focus on its core business activities while ensuring that all statutory requirements are met accurately and on time.

What is HR compliance in Eswatini, and why is it important?

HR compliance in Eswatini involves adhering to the country's labor laws, regulations, and standards that govern employment practices. This includes ensuring that employment contracts, wages, working hours, health and safety standards, and employee benefits comply with the legal requirements set forth by the government. Key aspects of HR compliance in Eswatini include:

  1. Employment Contracts: Employers must provide written contracts that outline the terms and conditions of employment, including job responsibilities, salary, working hours, and termination procedures.

  2. Wages and Salaries: Compliance with minimum wage laws and timely payment of salaries is crucial. Employers must also adhere to regulations regarding overtime pay and other compensation-related matters.

  3. Working Hours and Leave: Employers must comply with regulations on working hours, rest periods, and leave entitlements, including annual leave, sick leave, and maternity/paternity leave.

  4. Health and Safety: Ensuring a safe working environment is a legal requirement. Employers must implement health and safety measures to protect employees from workplace hazards.

  5. Employee Benefits: Compliance with statutory benefits such as social security contributions, pension schemes, and other mandatory benefits is essential.

  6. Termination and Redundancy: Employers must follow legal procedures for terminating employment, including providing notice periods and severance pay where applicable.

Importance of HR Compliance in Eswatini:

  1. Legal Protection: Adhering to HR compliance helps protect the organization from legal disputes and penalties. Non-compliance can result in fines, legal action, and damage to the company's reputation.

  2. Employee Satisfaction: Compliance with labor laws ensures fair treatment of employees, which can lead to higher job satisfaction, increased productivity, and lower turnover rates.

  3. Reputation Management: Companies that comply with HR regulations are viewed more favorably by employees, customers, and stakeholders. This can enhance the company's reputation and attract top talent.

  4. Operational Efficiency: Proper HR compliance ensures smooth operations by preventing disruptions caused by legal issues or employee dissatisfaction.

  5. Risk Management: By adhering to legal requirements, companies can mitigate risks associated with non-compliance, such as financial losses and operational setbacks.

Using an Employer of Record (EOR) like Rivermate in Eswatini can significantly simplify HR compliance. An EOR takes on the responsibility of ensuring that all employment practices comply with local laws and regulations. This includes managing payroll, benefits, taxes, and other HR functions, allowing companies to focus on their core business activities without worrying about compliance issues. Rivermate's expertise in local labor laws ensures that companies can operate smoothly and efficiently while minimizing legal risks.

What are the costs associated with employing someone in Eswatini?

Employing someone in Eswatini involves several costs that employers need to consider. These costs can be broadly categorized into direct compensation, statutory contributions, and other employment-related expenses. Here is a detailed breakdown:

  1. Direct Compensation:

    • Salaries and Wages: The primary cost is the employee's salary or wage. Eswatini has a minimum wage that varies by industry, so employers must ensure they comply with these regulations.
    • Bonuses and Incentives: Depending on the employment contract and company policy, employers may also need to budget for performance bonuses, commissions, and other incentive payments.
  2. Statutory Contributions:

    • Social Security Contributions: Employers in Eswatini are required to contribute to the National Provident Fund (NPF). The contribution rate is typically a percentage of the employee's salary, with both the employer and employee making contributions.
    • Pay-As-You-Earn (PAYE) Tax: Employers must deduct PAYE tax from employees' salaries and remit it to the Eswatini Revenue Authority (SRA). The tax rates are progressive, depending on the employee's income level.
    • Industrial Training Levy: Employers are required to pay a levy to the Eswatini National Industrial Training Fund (ENITF), which is used to support vocational training and skills development.
  3. Other Employment-Related Expenses:

    • Health and Safety Compliance: Employers must ensure a safe working environment and may incur costs related to health and safety training, equipment, and compliance with occupational health regulations.
    • Employee Benefits: Depending on the company's policy and the employment contract, employers may provide additional benefits such as health insurance, retirement plans, and other perks.
    • Recruitment and Onboarding Costs: These include expenses related to advertising job vacancies, conducting interviews, and onboarding new employees.
    • Training and Development: Investing in employee training and development can be a significant cost but is essential for maintaining a skilled workforce.
  4. Administrative Costs:

    • Payroll Management: Managing payroll, including calculating salaries, deductions, and contributions, can incur administrative costs. Some companies may choose to outsource payroll management to reduce this burden.
    • Legal and Compliance Costs: Ensuring compliance with local labor laws and regulations may require legal consultation and regular updates to employment practices.

Using an Employer of Record (EOR) like Rivermate can help manage these costs effectively. An EOR handles payroll, tax compliance, and statutory contributions, ensuring that all legal requirements are met. This can reduce administrative burdens and mitigate the risk of non-compliance, allowing companies to focus on their core business activities. Additionally, an EOR can provide insights into local labor market conditions and help optimize compensation packages to attract and retain talent in Eswatini.

What legal responsibilities does a company have when using an Employer of Record service like Rivermate in Eswatini?

When a company uses an Employer of Record (EOR) service like Rivermate in Eswatini, the EOR assumes many of the legal responsibilities associated with employment. However, the company still retains certain obligations and should be aware of the following key legal responsibilities:

  1. Compliance with Local Labor Laws: The EOR ensures that employment contracts, payroll, benefits, and terminations comply with Eswatini's labor laws. This includes adherence to the Employment Act, 1980, and other relevant legislation. The company must ensure that the EOR is fully compliant with these laws to avoid legal repercussions.

  2. Employee Rights and Protections: The EOR is responsible for ensuring that employees' rights are protected, including fair wages, working hours, leave entitlements, and safe working conditions as stipulated by Eswatini's labor regulations. The company should monitor the EOR to ensure these standards are met.

  3. Taxation and Social Contributions: The EOR handles the calculation, withholding, and remittance of income taxes and social security contributions to the Eswatini Revenue Authority (SRA) and other relevant bodies. The company must ensure that the EOR is accurately managing these financial obligations to avoid penalties.

  4. Employment Contracts: The EOR drafts and manages employment contracts in accordance with Eswatini's legal requirements. These contracts must clearly outline terms of employment, including job responsibilities, compensation, benefits, and termination conditions. The company should review these contracts to ensure they align with its expectations and legal standards.

  5. Work Permits and Visas: If the company employs expatriates, the EOR is responsible for obtaining the necessary work permits and visas. The company must provide the EOR with accurate information and support to facilitate this process.

  6. Health and Safety Regulations: The EOR must ensure compliance with Eswatini's Occupational Health and Safety regulations. This includes providing a safe working environment and necessary training. The company should collaborate with the EOR to implement and maintain these safety standards.

  7. Dispute Resolution: In case of employment disputes, the EOR handles the resolution process in accordance with Eswatini's legal framework. The company should stay informed about any disputes and work with the EOR to resolve them amicably and legally.

  8. Data Protection and Privacy: The EOR must comply with Eswatini's data protection laws regarding the handling of employees' personal information. The company should ensure that the EOR has robust data protection policies and practices in place.

By using an EOR like Rivermate in Eswatini, a company can significantly reduce its administrative burden and legal risks associated with employment. However, it remains crucial for the company to maintain oversight and ensure that the EOR is fulfilling its responsibilities in compliance with local laws and regulations.

Do employees receive all their rights and benefits when employed through an Employer of Record in Eswatini?

Yes, employees in Eswatini receive all their rights and benefits when employed through an Employer of Record (EOR) like Rivermate. An EOR ensures compliance with local labor laws and regulations, which is crucial in a country like Eswatini where employment laws are specific and must be adhered to strictly.

Here are some key points on how an EOR ensures employees receive their rights and benefits in Eswatini:

  1. Compliance with Labor Laws: An EOR like Rivermate ensures that all employment contracts and practices comply with Eswatini's labor laws. This includes adherence to the Employment Act, which governs employment terms, conditions, and worker rights.

  2. Wages and Salaries: The EOR ensures that employees are paid in accordance with the minimum wage laws and any other wage-related regulations in Eswatini. They handle payroll processing, ensuring timely and accurate payment of salaries.

  3. Leave Entitlements: Employees are entitled to various types of leave, including annual leave, sick leave, and maternity leave. An EOR ensures that these entitlements are provided as per the legal requirements in Eswatini.

  4. Social Security and Benefits: The EOR manages contributions to the Eswatini National Provident Fund (ENPF) and other mandatory social security schemes. This ensures that employees receive their social security benefits, including retirement and disability benefits.

  5. Health and Safety: An EOR ensures that the workplace complies with health and safety regulations, providing a safe working environment for employees. This includes adherence to the Occupational Health and Safety Act.

  6. Termination and Severance: In the event of termination, an EOR ensures that the process is handled in accordance with Eswatini's labor laws, including the provision of any required notice periods and severance pay.

  7. Dispute Resolution: An EOR provides mechanisms for resolving employment disputes, ensuring that employees have access to fair and legal processes for addressing grievances.

By using an EOR like Rivermate, companies can ensure that their employees in Eswatini receive all the rights and benefits they are entitled to under local law. This not only helps in maintaining compliance but also in fostering a positive and legally sound employment relationship.

How does Rivermate, as an Employer of Record in Eswatini, ensure HR compliance?

Rivermate, as an Employer of Record (EOR) in Eswatini, ensures HR compliance through a comprehensive approach that addresses the unique legal and regulatory landscape of the country. Here are the key ways Rivermate achieves this:

  1. Local Expertise and Knowledge: Rivermate employs local HR professionals who are well-versed in Eswatini's labor laws, regulations, and cultural nuances. This local expertise ensures that all employment practices are compliant with national standards and any regional variations.

  2. Employment Contracts: Rivermate prepares and manages employment contracts that comply with Eswatini's legal requirements. This includes ensuring that contracts are written in accordance with local labor laws, specifying terms of employment, job roles, compensation, benefits, and termination conditions.

  3. Payroll Management: Rivermate handles payroll processing in strict adherence to Eswatini's tax laws and social security regulations. This includes accurate calculation of wages, deductions, and contributions to statutory funds, ensuring timely and correct payments to employees and relevant authorities.

  4. Tax Compliance: Rivermate ensures that all tax obligations are met, including income tax, corporate tax, and any other applicable taxes. They manage the filing of tax returns and ensure that all tax payments are made on time, reducing the risk of penalties and legal issues.

  5. Benefits Administration: Rivermate administers employee benefits in compliance with local laws, including mandatory benefits such as social security, health insurance, and any other statutory benefits. They also manage optional benefits, ensuring they align with local practices and legal requirements.

  6. Labor Law Adherence: Rivermate stays updated with any changes in Eswatini's labor laws and ensures that all HR policies and practices are adjusted accordingly. This includes compliance with working hours, overtime regulations, leave entitlements, and occupational health and safety standards.

  7. Employee Relations and Dispute Resolution: Rivermate manages employee relations, ensuring that any disputes or grievances are handled in accordance with local labor laws. They provide support in mediation and conflict resolution, helping to maintain a harmonious workplace and reducing the risk of legal disputes.

  8. Termination and Severance: Rivermate ensures that any terminations are conducted legally and ethically, following Eswatini's regulations regarding notice periods, severance pay, and other termination procedures. This helps protect the company from wrongful termination claims and ensures fair treatment of employees.

  9. Data Protection and Privacy: Rivermate ensures compliance with data protection laws in Eswatini, safeguarding employee information and maintaining confidentiality. They implement robust data security measures to protect sensitive HR data from breaches and unauthorized access.

By leveraging Rivermate's services as an Employer of Record in Eswatini, companies can navigate the complexities of HR compliance with confidence, allowing them to focus on their core business activities while ensuring that all employment practices meet local legal standards.

What options are available for hiring a worker in Eswatini?

In Eswatini, employers have several options for hiring workers, each with its own set of legal and administrative requirements. Here are the primary methods:

  1. Direct Employment:

    • Local Hiring: Employers can directly hire local employees by adhering to Eswatini's labor laws, which include compliance with the Employment Act, labor contracts, minimum wage regulations, and social security contributions.
    • Foreign Workers: Hiring foreign workers involves obtaining work permits and ensuring compliance with immigration laws. The process can be complex and time-consuming, requiring detailed documentation and justification for hiring non-local talent.
  2. Contractors and Freelancers:

    • Employers can engage independent contractors or freelancers for specific projects or tasks. This option provides flexibility but requires careful contract management to ensure that the relationship does not inadvertently become one of employer-employee, which would necessitate compliance with employment laws.
  3. Temporary Staffing Agencies:

    • Temporary staffing agencies can provide workers for short-term needs. These agencies handle the administrative burden of payroll, benefits, and compliance, but the cost can be higher compared to direct hiring.
  4. Employer of Record (EOR) Services:

    • An Employer of Record (EOR) like Rivermate can simplify the process of hiring in Eswatini. The EOR becomes the legal employer of the worker, handling all aspects of employment, including payroll, taxes, benefits, and compliance with local labor laws. This allows companies to focus on their core business activities while ensuring full legal compliance.

Benefits of Using an Employer of Record in Eswatini:

  1. Compliance and Risk Management:

    • An EOR ensures that all employment practices comply with Eswatini's labor laws, reducing the risk of legal issues and penalties. This includes adherence to minimum wage laws, working hours, termination procedures, and employee benefits.
  2. Streamlined Payroll and Tax Administration:

    • The EOR manages payroll processing, tax withholdings, and social security contributions, ensuring accuracy and timeliness. This reduces administrative burdens and the risk of errors.
  3. Simplified Onboarding and Offboarding:

    • The EOR handles the entire employee lifecycle, from hiring and onboarding to termination and offboarding. This ensures a smooth and compliant process, saving time and resources for the employer.
  4. Access to Local Expertise:

    • An EOR has in-depth knowledge of the local labor market and regulatory environment. This expertise helps in navigating complex employment laws and cultural nuances, ensuring effective workforce management.
  5. Cost Efficiency:

    • By outsourcing employment administration to an EOR, companies can avoid the costs associated with setting up a legal entity in Eswatini. This is particularly beneficial for companies looking to test the market or operate on a smaller scale.
  6. Focus on Core Business Activities:

    • With the EOR handling HR and compliance matters, companies can concentrate on their core business operations and strategic goals, enhancing productivity and growth.

In summary, while there are multiple options for hiring workers in Eswatini, using an Employer of Record like Rivermate offers significant advantages in terms of compliance, efficiency, and risk management. This solution is particularly valuable for companies looking to expand into Eswatini without the complexities of establishing a local entity.

Rivermate | A 3d rendering of earth

Hire your employees globally with confidence

We're here to help you on your global hiring journey.