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Tax Obligations Detailed

Discover employer and employee tax responsibilities in Dominica

Employer tax responsibilities

In Dominica, employers have to navigate both a social security system and an income tax system when hiring employees.

Social Security Contributions

Employers in Dominica are obligated to contribute to their employees' social security. This is in addition to the contribution made by the employee. Both contributions are capped at a monthly salary of XCD $6,000.

The employer contribution rate is 7.25% of the employee's earnings (up to XCD $6,000), while the employee contribution rate is 6.25% of earnings (up to XCD $6,000).

Pay As You Earn (PAYE) Income Tax

Employers in Dominica are also responsible for withholding income tax from their employees' salaries under the Pay As You Earn (PAYE) system. The withheld amount is then remitted to the Inland Revenue Division.

The specific income tax rate depends on the employee's income bracket. However, employers are not responsible for calculating the tax rate; they just need to deduct the appropriate amount based on government-provided tables.

Additional Responsibilities

Employers must maintain records of employee remuneration and deducted taxes. They are also required to provide employees with certificates of deducted tax within the prescribed timeframe. Failure to comply with these regulations can result in penalties for the employer.

Employee tax deductions

In Dominica, employees are subject to two primary tax deductions from their salaries: Social Security Contributions and Pay As You Earn (PAYE) Income Tax.

Social Security Contributions

The deduction rate for Social Security Contributions is 6.25% of the employee's gross earnings, capped at a monthly salary of XCD $6,000. The purpose of these deductions is to fund social security benefits, which include pensions, sickness benefits, maternity benefits, and disability benefits.

Pay As You Earn (PAYE) Income Tax

The PAYE Income Tax is withheld directly from the employee's salary by the employer under the PAYE system. The rates are as follows:

  • 16% on the first XCD $20,000 of taxable income
  • 26% on the next XCD $30,000 of taxable income
  • 36% on any taxable income exceeding XCD $50,000

The taxable income is calculated by subtracting any applicable allowances and deductions from the gross salary. These allowances and deductions, as per the Inland Revenue Division, include:

  • Personal allowance (XCD $15,000)
  • Mortgage interest on a primary residence (up to XCD $10,000)
  • Medical expenses (under certain conditions)
  • Pension contributions (up to 15% of gross salary)
  • Life insurance premiums (up to 10% of gross salary)

It's important to note that social security contributions are capped, while income tax is progressive. Certain allowances and deductions can reduce taxable income. Therefore, it's essential for employees to stay informed about tax rates and changes.


In Dominica, services provided within the country are not subject to VAT. However, it's important to note that the country might implement a VAT system in the future. Therefore, businesses and individuals should stay updated on changes to Dominican tax legislation.

Potential Future Introduction

Dominica may decide to introduce a VAT system in the future. It's crucial for businesses and individuals to stay informed about changes in Dominican tax legislation.

Sales Taxes

Dominica may apply sales taxes to certain goods and services.

Imports and Exports

Customs duties and other taxes might be applicable for imported and exported services.

Guidance for Businesses

For updated information on any tax implications for services and to ensure compliance with other relevant taxes that may apply, always consult with a tax professional or the Inland Revenue Division of Dominica.

Tax incentives

The Fiscal Incentives Act of Dominica provides several tax incentives for eligible businesses. These include tax holidays, where businesses in specified sectors such as manufacturing and tourism may be eligible for corporate tax holidays of up to 20 years. Approved businesses can also import qualifying equipment, machinery, and raw materials duty-free. Additionally, a portion of the profits generated from exports may be exempt from corporate tax.

Hotel Aid Act

The Hotel Aid Act provides additional incentives specifically for the tourism industry. Approved hotel and resort developments may qualify for tax exemptions for a specified period. Import duty concessions may also apply to the importation of construction materials and equipment for eligible hotel projects.

Other Potential Incentives

Dominica allows for the full repatriation of profits earned by foreign investors. Tax benefits may also be available for businesses creating significant employment opportunities in Dominica.

Important Considerations

Specific eligibility criteria and approval processes apply. Ensure your business and proposed activities meet the requirements. Many incentives are targeted towards specific industries like manufacturing, tourism, and agriculture.

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