Rivermate | Dominica flag


Salary and Compensation Insights

Explore salary structures and compensation details in Dominica

Market competitive salaries

Determining a competitive salary for your employees in Dominica requires considering various factors specific to the job market.

Local vs. Expatriate Salaries

There can be a significant difference in salary expectations between local Dominican workers and expatriate hires. Expatriates may require compensation packages that account for the cost of living adjustments, relocation expenses, and potential tax implications. Reliable salary data for both demographics can be obtained through reputable compensation and benefits surveys conducted in Dominica.

Experience and Qualifications

Experience and skillset significantly influence market competitiveness. Jobs requiring specialized qualifications or extensive experience will naturally command higher salaries than entry-level positions.

Industry Benchmarks

Salaries can also vary depending on the industry. Some sectors, like finance or tourism, might offer higher base salaries compared to others. Industry associations or reports from consulting firms specializing in HR in the Caribbean region can provide valuable insights into industry-specific salary benchmarks.

Additional factors to consider include:

  • Company Size: Larger companies often have the budget to offer more competitive salaries and benefits packages compared to smaller businesses.
  • Location: Salaries may vary slightly depending on the specific location within Dominica. The cost of living in the capital city, Roseau, might be higher compared to rural areas.

Minimum wage

Dominica adheres to a government-mandated minimum wage, ensuring a baseline income for workers.

Minimum Wage Rates

The minimum wage in Dominica is not a single fixed amount. Instead, it varies depending on the job category. The most recent minimum wage increase occurred in September 2021, establishing new minimum hourly rates for various worker classifications. These classifications include:

  • Agricultural workers and laborers: EC$7.50 per hour
  • Daily paid workers and tourism workers: EC$7.50 per hour
  • Juveniles/trainees: EC$5.67 per hour
  • Cashiers and receptionists: EC$7.25 per hour
  • Salespersons and shop assistants: EC$6.75 - EC$7.25 per hour
  • Home assistants: EC$200 - EC$250 per week (with/without meals)
  • Security guards: EC$8.00 per hour

The official legal document outlining the minimum wage structure is The Minimum Wage Order, 2021, Legal Notice No. 33. This document provides the most comprehensive and up-to-date information on minimum wage rates for various job categories in Dominica.

Employer Obligations

Employers in Dominica are legally obligated to comply with the minimum wage regulations. Paying workers less than the mandated minimum rate is a punishable offense. The Ministry of Labor is responsible for enforcing minimum wage regulations and investigating potential violations.

Changes and Updates

Minimum wage rates in Dominica are subject to revisions. It's recommended to consult the official government resources or reputable HR organizations for the latest information on minimum wage regulations.

Bonuses and allowances

In Dominica, many employers offer additional benefits to attract and retain talent. These benefits often come in the form of bonuses and allowances.

Performance-Based Bonuses

Performance-based bonuses are a common practice in many companies. These bonuses are designed to incentivize employees and reward them for exceeding targets. The specific structure and payout amounts for performance bonuses will vary depending on the company and industry.

Christmas Bonus

The Christmas bonus, also known as a 13th-month salary, is a prevalent practice in Dominica. Many employers provide this bonus as a goodwill gesture around December to support employees during the holiday season. The amount of the Christmas bonus can vary but often equates to one month's salary.


Several allowances are commonly offered by Dominican employers to offset employee expenses:

  • Housing Allowance: Some companies, particularly those in urban areas with higher living costs, might provide a housing allowance to help employees with rent or mortgage payments.
  • Transportation Allowance: Companies may offer an allowance to cover commuting costs, especially if public transportation options are limited.

The details and amounts for these allowances will depend on the individual company's policies and the employee's position.

Important to Note:

  • Information on bonuses and allowances can be scattered. Reliable sources like compensation and benefits surveys conducted in Dominica can provide valuable insights into prevailing practices.
  • Consulting with HR experts or legal professionals familiar with Dominican labor laws is recommended for obtaining the most up-to-date and comprehensive information on employee benefits.

Payroll cycle

Understanding payroll practices is crucial for businesses operating in Dominica. Here's a comprehensive look at the key aspects of Dominica's payroll cycle:

Frequency and Timing

Dominica follows a monthly payroll cycle, with employees typically receiving their salaries within the first eight days of the following month. This aligns with common practices in the Caribbean region. There's no legal requirement for a 13th or 14th-month salary, although some companies offer this as a benefit to enhance their compensation package.

Mandatory Withholdings and Employer Contributions

Dominica has a social security system that mandates contributions from both employers and employees. Employers are responsible for withholding a portion of their employees' salaries for social security and mandatory health insurance, on top of their own contributions.

The total employer contribution rate is around 17.7% of the employee's gross salary. This covers various benefits, including:

  • Family allowance (5.5%)
  • Health and professional injuries (6.2%)
  • Retirement pension (4%)
  • Obligatory health insurance (2%)

In addition to social security, employers must also comply with income tax withholding as mandated by Dominican law. The tax brackets and rates can be found on the official website of the Inland Revenue Division (IRD) of Dominica.

Additional Considerations

Here are some other factors to keep in mind regarding Dominica's payroll cycle:

  • Overtime Pay: Dominican law mandates overtime pay for hours exceeding the standard workweek, typically 40 hours. The specific overtime rate can vary depending on the circumstances but is generally at least 1.5 times the regular pay rate.
  • Payment Methods: Electronic bank transfers are becoming increasingly common for salary payments in Dominica. However, cash payments are still prevalent, especially for smaller businesses or informal work arrangements.

By understanding these core aspects of Dominica's payroll cycle, employers can ensure timely and compliant compensation for their employees. Consulting with a local payroll service provider or legal professional can be beneficial for navigating the specifics and any recent updates to regulations.

Rivermate | A 3d rendering of earth

Hire your employees globally with confidence

We're here to help you on your global hiring journey.