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Congo (Democratic Republic of the)

Remote and Flexible Work Options

Learn about remote work policies and flexible work arrangements in Congo (Democratic Republic of the)

Remote work

Remote work in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is not explicitly prohibited, but employers must ensure compliance with certain regulations. The Labor Law (2016) outlines employee rights and employer obligations, including training and preferential hiring of Congolese citizens. Remote workers are still considered employees and are entitled to benefits as per the law. Employers are also responsible for withholding and paying taxes for their employees, regardless of location. Misclassifying remote workers as independent contractors can lead to fines and penalties.

Technological Infrastructure

The DRC faces limitations in technological infrastructure, which can impact the feasibility of remote work. Reliable internet access is crucial for remote work, but large areas of the DRC have limited or no internet connectivity. Consistent electricity is also essential, but power outages are frequent in the DRC. Employers should assess whether employees have access to necessary devices and software for remote work.

Employer Responsibilities

Employers have responsibilities towards their remote workforce, even in the absence of specific remote work regulations. Employment contracts should be adapted to reflect remote work arrangements, including work hours, communication channels, performance evaluation methods, and data security protocols. Clear communication and collaboration strategies for remote teams should be established, such as regular virtual meetings, project management tools, and communication platforms.

Performance evaluation methods suitable for a remote work environment should be developed, with regular check-ins, goal setting, and clear communication of expectations. Robust data security measures should be implemented to protect sensitive company information accessed remotely. Employers should also consider the well-being of remote employees, including flexible work hours, clear boundaries between work and personal life, and mechanisms to address potential feelings of isolation.

Flexible work arrangements

Part-time work is not explicitly mentioned in the Labor Law (2016), but Article 15 allows for the establishment of working hours through agreements between employers and employees. This can be interpreted as enabling part-time work arrangements contracted mutually. Part-time employees are entitled to proportionate benefits based on their work hours compared to full-time employees. This includes salary, paid time off (PTO), and social security contributions.


There are no direct legal provisions for flexitime. However, similar to part-time work, Article 15 of the Labor Law allows employers and employees to agree on work schedules with core working hours and flexible start and finish times. Employers implementing flexitime should establish clear guidelines regarding core hours, communication protocols during flexible hours, and workload expectations.

Job Sharing

Job sharing isn't explicitly addressed in Congolese labor law. However, the aforementioned Article 15 on work schedule agreements can be interpreted as allowing employers to distribute the duties of one full-time position between two or more part-time employees. Job sharing arrangements require careful division of responsibilities, clear communication channels, and potentially overlapping work hours to ensure smooth collaboration.

Equipment and Expense Reimbursements

The Labor Law (2016) doesn't mandate employers to provide equipment or reimburse expenses related to flexible work arrangements. However, employers can choose to do so through mutually agreed-upon terms within employment contracts.

Data protection and privacy

Employers have a responsibility to implement appropriate technical and organizational measures to safeguard company data accessed by remote employees. This is inspired by the principles of the EU's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).

Employee Training

Employers should provide training to remote employees on data security best practices. This includes password management, recognizing phishing attempts, and proper data handling procedures.

Transparency and Communication

Employers must be transparent about the data collected from remote employees and its intended use. This can be achieved through clear data privacy policies accessible to all employees.

Employee Rights

Employees have the right to access their personal data held by the employer, a principle inspired by GDPR. Under the right to be forgotten, also inspired by GDPR, employees may request the deletion of their personal data if it's no longer required for employment purposes. Employees also have a right to confidentiality regarding their personal data. These rights are aligned with principles advocated by the Council of Europe Convention 108.

Best Practices for Securing Data

Employers should collect and store only the minimum data necessary for remote work functions. Sensitive data should be encrypted both at rest and in transit. Implement strong access controls to company data and systems, granting access only to authorized personnel. Maintain regular data backups to ensure data recovery in case of incidents. Develop a plan to identify, report, and address data security breaches.

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