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Eswatini is a landlocked nation in Southern Africa, formally known as the Kingdom of Eswatini and previously known as Swaziland. It is bounded to the northeast by Mozambique and to the north, west, south, and southeast by South Africa. Eswatini is one of Africa's smallest nations, measuring just 200 kilometers (120 miles) north to south and 130 kilometers (81 miles) east to west; nonetheless, its climate and geography are varied, ranging from a chilly and mountainous highveld to a scorching and parched Lowveld.
The ethnic Swazis make up the majority of the population. Swazi is the most widely spoken language (siSwati in native form). Under the leadership of Ngwane III, the Swazis built their kingdom in the mid-18th century. The nation and the Swazi are named after Mswati II, the 19th-century ruler during whose reign Swazi territory was extended and united; the current borders were set up in 1881, during the Scramble for Africa. Following the Second Boer War, the kingdom was a British protectorate under the name Swaziland from 1903 until it regained independence on September 6, 1968. The official name was changed from the Kingdom of Swaziland to the Kingdom of Eswatini in April 2018, reflecting the Swazi name.
The government is an absolute monarchy, the last of its type in Africa, and King Mswati III has governed since 1986. Every five years, elections are conducted to select the House of Assembly and Senate majorities. The current constitution went into effect in 2005. The nation's most prominent events are Umhlanga, the reed dance conducted in August/September, and incwala, the kingship dance held in December/January.
Eswatini is a developing nation with a lower-middle-income economy. As a member of the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Eswatini's currency, the lilangeni, is tied to the South African rand to guarantee economic stability. The biggest commercial partners of Eswatini are the United States and the European Union. The agriculture and industrial industries employ the bulk of the country's workforce. Eswatini is a member of the African Union, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the Commonwealth of Nations, and the United Nations.
The Swazi population is plagued by serious health challenges, including HIV/AIDS and (to a lesser degree) TB. HIV infection affects around 26% of the adult population. Eswatini has the world's 12th-lowest life expectancy, at 58 years, as of 2018. Eswatini's population is youthful, with a median age of 22 years as of 2018, with persons aged 14 years or younger forming 35% of the overall population.
Both the employer and the employee have the right to end an employment arrangement with notice.
Depending on the employee's duration of service, the notice period ranges from one week to one month. During the probation period, no notice is required.
Probationary periods of up to three months are permitted. Employees engaged to perform supervisory technical or confidential work may have a longer probationary period, but it must be agreed to in writing.
Severance compensation is equal to ten working days' pay for each year of employment after the first year.
The standard work week consists of eight hours per day and forty-eight hours per week, spread over six days. Individual employment contracts and collective bargaining agreements, on the other hand, may specify different work hours and days.
Overtime is permitted and is typically compensated at 150% of the employee's regular rate.
The monthly minimum wage in Swaziland is 531.6 Swazi emalangeni for a domestic worker, 420 emalangeni for an unskilled worker, and 600 emalangeni for a skilled worker. The minimum wage in Swaziland was last changed in 2011.
Swaziland has both public and private healthcare systems. 80% of the population seeks medical attention from traditional healers.
Companies in Eswatini or Swaziland are imposed a corporate tax rate of 27.5 percent.
Individuals in Eswatini or Swaziland are subject to a flat income tax rate of 33 percent.
The value-added tax (VAT) or the goods and sales tax (GST) in Eswatini or Swaziland is set at 15 percent.
Before traveling to eSwatini, you should find out whether you need a visa to enter the nation. If you look at eSwatini's visa policy, you will see that there are 95 visa-exempt nations. These nationalities may enter and remain in eSwatini without a visa for up to 30 days. All other nations must apply for a visa at a diplomatic post near them.
You may examine eSwatini's visa rules to see whether you require a visa or not. Electronic visas are not referenced anywhere in the visa policy of eSwatini. If you discover that you need a visa to visit eSwatini, you must learn more about the criteria. Because the internet is so rich in information, you can locate them online. However, we urge that you just use it as a reference since not everything you read on the internet is trustworthy. The best thing you could do is contact the diplomatic mission directly and ask your questions. They can provide you with the most trustworthy information. In the meanwhile, all international visitors to eSwatini must have a passport that is valid for at least another 6 months from the date of arrival.
The name of employee and employer
The date employment began
Wage and method of calculation
How wages are paid
Regular hours of work
A short description of employee’s position
A probation period (if applicable)
Payment during sickness
Signatures of both parties and a witness signature
Any other terms of the agreement
There is no set length for assignments. This is usually indicated in the employment contract for fixed-term employments.
Swazi lilangeni (SZL)
South African rand (ZAR)
The procedure of establishing an Eswatini subsidiary is determined by a number of criteria. First, you must choose a real office space and do research on the local area. Certain cities and areas may function like states, having unique Eswatini subsidiary laws that might make incorporation in a certain place simple or difficult.
Following that, you must choose an entity that is compatible with your company objectives. Employees may form a limited liability company (LLC), a public limited company, a branch, or a representative office via Eswatini. Many workers choose to incorporate an Eswatini subsidiary as an LLC since it enables them to conduct more work in the nation with fewer constraints.
The following are the processes to establishing your Eswatini subsidiary as an LLC:
(1) Verifying, registering, and notarizing your company name
(2) Registering in the economy’s largest business city
(3) Registering for social security
(4) Creating a company seal
(5) Obtaining documents for company registration and operation or a national identification card
(6) Opening an in-country bank account to pay employees
The subsidiary laws of Eswatini are also affected by the kind of entity you pick. To be legal, LLCs must have one director and one shareholder, both of whom might be non-resident foreign citizens. You will also need $1 in share capital to begin the incorporation procedure. Subsidiary regulations in Eswatini require LLCs to appoint an auditor within 30 days of receiving authorisation to begin company activities.
When discussing how to establish an Eswatini subsidiary, keep in mind that you must also comply with other important business regulations. For example, one month after commencing operations, LLCs must recruit at least 10 and up to 50 workers. To be compliant, all workers must be domestic citizens, thus you'll need to observe Eswatini employment compliance rules. You'll also need a company deed that's at least 10 pages long and details how you want to manage your business.