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Discover everything you need to know about Reunion

Hire in Reunion at a glance

Here ares some key facts regarding hiring in Reunion

GDP growth
GDP world share
Payroll frequency
Working hours
39 hours/week

Overview in Reunion

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Reunion Island, a French overseas department in the Indian Ocean, features a diverse landscape with active volcanoes like Piton de la Fournaise and lush rainforests. Initially uninhabited, it was claimed by France in 1642, and its economy historically centered on sugar cane agriculture reliant on slave labor. Today, with a population of nearly 900,000 of varied ethnic backgrounds, its economy is driven by the services sector, tourism, and agriculture, with sugar cane still significant. Despite being part of the European Union, which aids its relatively high standard of living, Reunion faces challenges like poverty and unemployment.

The island's workforce is young and diverse, with a significant portion under 40. Employment sectors include tourism, public administration, and agriculture, with emerging areas in renewable energy and technology. Cultural norms influence employment practices, emphasizing personal relationships and a hierarchical structure in business. Communication styles blend indirectness with formality, and both French and Creole languages are important. Work-life balance and respect for family are valued, though global influences are bringing changes.

Taxes in Reunion

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In Reunion, employers are responsible for a significant portion of social security contributions, averaging about 45% of an employee's gross salary, which fund benefits like healthcare, pensions, and unemployment insurance. Employers also withhold income tax based on a progressive system and may be subject to other taxes such as the apprenticeship tax and professional training tax, depending on their payroll size.

Additionally, employers must manage VAT, with a standard rate of 8.5% and reduced rates for specific services. VAT obligations include filing returns and remitting VAT periodically. There are also tax incentives available, such as the Investment Tax Credit and Tax Exemption for Innovation, aimed at stimulating specific sectors like manufacturing and R&D.

Employers need to stay informed about their tax responsibilities through resources like the French Tax Administration Website and ensure compliance to avoid penalties.

Leave in Reunion

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In Reunion, a French overseas territory, employees are entitled to 2.5 working days of paid vacation per month, totaling 30 days or five weeks annually, as per the French Labour Code (Articles L3141-3 to L3141-23). Additional vacation days may be granted based on collective agreements or company policies, particularly for longer-serving employees.

Vacation scheduling is negotiated between employer and employee to accommodate both parties' needs, with a mandatory 12 consecutive days off required between May 1st and October 31st. Reunion's vacation entitlements are notably generous compared to many countries, such as the United States.

Reunion observes both French national holidays and specific local holidays, including New Year's Day, Easter Monday, Labor Day, Victory in Europe Day, Ascension Day, Whit Monday, Bastille Day, Assumption of Mary, All Saints' Day, Armistice Day, Christmas Day, and locally, Abolition of Slavery Day on December 20th.

Other types of leave include sick leave, maternity and paternity leave, parental leave, bereavement leave, and leaves for family events, sabbaticals, and starting a business, with specific conditions and durations outlined in the French Labor Code. Collective bargaining agreements may provide more favorable conditions than the statutory minimums.

Benefits in Reunion

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Reunion, a French overseas department, benefits from the French social security system, which mandates contributions from both employers and employees to provide a range of employee benefits.

Healthcare: Managed by the French National Health Insurance (CnamSS), it covers medical expenses, hospitalization, and more. Employers often offer supplemental health insurance and wellness programs.

Retirement: Contributions are made to the national French retirement system, with options for supplementary retirement plans like PERCO and Madelin for additional savings.

Unemployment Insurance: Provides benefits to eligible employees who lose their job involuntarily.

Family Benefits: Includes family allowances and paid maternity and paternity leave. Employers may offer additional benefits like daycare assistance.

Work-Life Balance: Flexible work arrangements and additional paid time off are common perks to help employees manage their work-life balance.

Other Perks: Professional development opportunities and various discounts or free services are provided to enhance employee satisfaction and loyalty.

Public and Complementary Health Insurance: The "Caisse Générale de la Sécurité Sociale (CGSS)" manages the public health insurance, covering a significant portion of medical expenses, with many opting for complementary health insurance ("mutuelle") for additional coverage.

Overall, Reunion's integration into the French social security system ensures comprehensive coverage and benefits for employees, supplemented by optional employer-provided benefits.

Workers Rights in Reunion

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In Reunion, dismissals must be justified by a "real and serious cause," which can be personal (like incompetence or misconduct) or economic (such as company restructuring). Notice periods for dismissal vary by the employee's tenure, ranging from one week to two months. Severance pay is generally provided except in cases of serious misconduct, resignation, or retirement.

Reunion adheres to French anti-discrimination laws, protecting against discrimination based on numerous characteristics including sex, age, disability, and more. Victims can seek redress through internal reporting, the Defender of Rights, or labor courts. Employers are required to implement anti-discrimination policies, investigate complaints, and promote inclusivity.

Work conditions are regulated under the French Labor Code, with a standard 35-hour workweek and mandated rest periods. Employers must also meet ergonomic requirements to prevent workplace injuries and ensure employee well-being. This includes conducting risk assessments, providing safety training, and reporting accidents.

Employees have rights to a safe workplace, training on safety procedures, and can refuse unsafe work. Enforcement agencies like Occupational Health Services and the Department of Labor Inspection ensure compliance with health and safety regulations.

Agreements in Reunion

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Types of Employment Contracts in Reunion

Reunion, an overseas department of France, adheres to French labor law with some local adaptations. Here are the common types of employment contracts used:

  • Permanent Employment Contract (CDI): This is an indefinite contract providing significant job security and benefits.
  • Fixed-Term Contract (CDD): Used for temporary needs like seasonal work or project-based employment, with a specific end date.
  • Temporary Employment Contract (CTT): Involves a temporary work agency that places the employee in short-term assignments.
  • Apprenticeship Contract (Apprentissage): Combines on-the-job training with classroom learning, aimed at acquiring skills in a specific trade.
  • Professionalization Contract: Focuses on professional qualifications through a combination of work experience and theoretical education, targeting unemployed individuals or those changing careers.

Key Elements of Employment Agreements

Employment agreements in Reunion must include:

  • Identity and contact details of the parties involved.
  • Detailed job description and duties.
  • Defined working hours and compensation details including salary breakdown and benefits.
  • Clauses for termination and dispute resolution.

Probationary Periods

  • Governed by the French Labor Code, the duration varies by contract type, allowing both parties to assess suitability.
  • Termination during this period requires shorter notice and no justification, though it should not be discriminatory.

Confidentiality and Non-Compete Clauses

  • Confidentiality Clauses: Protect business secrets during and after employment, with clearly defined terms.
  • Non-Compete Clauses: Restrict post-employment competition, enforceable under strict conditions such as limited duration and geographical scope.

These contracts and clauses are designed to balance protection for both employers and employees, ensuring compliance with legal standards.

Remote Work in Reunion

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Remote work in Reunion, an overseas department of France, is governed by French labor laws, specifically the Accord National Interprofessionnel (ANI) of 2019. This framework mandates mutual consent for remote work arrangements, reversible work location agreements, employer-provided equipment, defined working hours, and employer responsibility for worker health and safety.

Technologically, successful remote work requires secure access, effective communication tools, project management software, and robust cybersecurity measures to protect data and prevent cyberattacks.

Employers have several responsibilities, including creating a comprehensive remote work policy, providing necessary training and support, managing performance, and maintaining workplace culture. Additionally, they must comply with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), ensuring data protection and privacy for remote employees.

Flexible work arrangements like part-time work, flexitime, and job sharing are also available, each with specific legal frameworks under French law, enhancing work-life balance and catering to diverse employee needs.

Working Hours in Reunion

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  • Working Hours in Reunion: There is no statutory minimum or maximum number of working hours in Reunion. The typical workweek ranges from 35 to 40 hours, based on collective agreements within specific industries. Daily working hours, usually between 7 and 8 hours, are also determined by these agreements.

  • Regulatory Framework: The French Labour Code, applicable to Reunion as an overseas department, sets general guidelines for working hours, stating that daily working hours should not exceed 10 hours unless special authorization is obtained. This code also provides the basis for overtime regulations.

  • Overtime Work: Overtime is defined as work done beyond the standard hours set in the employment contract. It requires employee consent and is compensated either by increased pay (1.25 to 1.5 times the regular rate) or compensatory rest. There are limits on daily and weekly overtime hours.

  • Rest Periods and Breaks: Employees are entitled to a minimum daily rest of 11 consecutive hours and breaks during the workday, with a mandatory 20-minute break for workdays exceeding 6 hours. These breaks are not counted as working hours.

  • Night and Weekend Work: Night work, defined as work between 9 p.m. and 6 a.m., requires medical examination before assignment and generally offers higher compensation or reduced hours. Weekend work needs employee consent and is compensated similarly.

  • Record Keeping: Employers must maintain a record of all overtime hours, which should be accessible for employee inspection.

These labor regulations in Reunion align with French labor laws, with specific adaptations and additional details provided by local collective agreements and industry-specific regulations.

Salary in Reunion

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Understanding competitive salaries in Reunion is essential for attracting and retaining skilled employees and ensuring fair compensation. Factors influencing these salaries include job responsibilities, experience, company size, industry, location, and language skills. Researching competitive salaries can be done through salary surveys, government resources, and job boards.

Reunion does not have a statutory minimum wage like mainland France; instead, minimum wages are determined through collective bargaining agreements specific to various sectors. These agreements set the minimum guaranteed salaries and are crucial for employers and employees to understand to ensure compliance and fairness.

Additionally, employees in Reunion may receive various bonuses and allowances such as the 13th-month pay, performance bonuses, profit-sharing, meal vouchers, transportation and housing allowances, and company retirement plans. These benefits can vary by company and industry based on collective bargaining agreements.

Payroll in Reunion typically follows a monthly cycle, with salaries paid via electronic transfer. Payroll details, including overtime compensation and payment during public holidays, are regulated under French labor laws with local adaptations. Understanding these payment structures and legal requirements is vital for both employers and employees in Reunion.

Termination in Reunion

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In Reunion, employment termination and severance pay are governed by the French Labour Code, individual employment contracts, and collective bargaining agreements. Notice periods vary based on the employee's tenure and the reason for dismissal. For instance, employees with less than one year of service have no legal minimum notice period, while those with more than a year have one to two months, depending on their role, unless dismissed for serious misconduct, which requires no notice.

Severance pay is entitled to employees terminated by the employer, provided they have at least eight months of service. The amount is calculated based on the length of service and the employee's gross salary, with specific conditions leading to forfeiture of this entitlement, such as serious misconduct or refusal of a comparable redeployment offer.

Termination procedures differ for personal and economic reasons, involving preliminary interviews, notice periods, and dismissal notifications. Legal disputes can arise, particularly if employees feel the termination was unjustified or procedures were not followed, in which case they can challenge the dismissal in Labor Court. Enhanced severance entitlements may be provided under collective agreements or individual contracts.

Freelancing in Reunion

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In Reunion, a French overseas department, the classification of workers as either employees or independent contractors is governed by French labor law, which significantly affects their rights, benefits, and tax obligations. The main criteria for differentiation include the level of control and integration into the business, with employees being more controlled and integrated compared to the more autonomous independent contractors.

Key Differences:

  • Control: Employees work under the employer's direction regarding their schedule, tasks, and methods, whereas independent contractors have more control over these aspects.
  • Integration: Employees are integrated into the company's operations, unlike independent contractors who work on specific projects without deep integration.
  • Compensation and Benefits: Employees receive regular salaries and benefits, while independent contractors negotiate their own fees and handle their own taxes and social security.

Contractual Agreements:

  • It's advisable for independent contractors to have written agreements detailing the scope of work, payment terms, timelines, and termination clauses to avoid misclassification and ensure compliance with labor laws.

Negotiation and Industry Practices:

  • Independent contractors should consider market rates, project scope, and their expertise during negotiations. Common industries for contractors in Reunion include IT, construction, marketing, and professional services.

Intellectual Property (IP):

  • IP rights are crucial for freelancers, with ownership usually retained by the freelancer unless the work is a "work made for hire." Freelancers should use written agreements to specify IP ownership and consider legal advice for complex situations.

Tax and Insurance:

  • Freelancers must register as self-employed, declare income, pay taxes, and make social contributions. While insurance is not mandatory, liability and professional indemnity insurance are recommended based on the risks associated with specific work types.

Overall, understanding these distinctions and legal requirements is essential for compliance and protection in the professional landscape of Reunion.

Health & Safety in Reunion

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Overview of Health and Safety Laws in Reunion

Reunion's health and safety regulations are governed by the French Labour Code, with oversight by the Ministry of Labour and the Regional Health Agency. Companies with 50 or more employees must establish Health, Safety, and Working Conditions Committees (CHSCT) to manage workplace risks.

Employer Obligations

Employers are required to:

  • Conduct risk assessments and create a prevention plan.
  • Provide health and safety training and necessary Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) at no cost.
  • Ensure medical surveillance and maintain first aid facilities.
  • Comply with regulations on hazardous chemicals and specific workplace risks like musculoskeletal disorders and workplace stress.

Worker Rights and Responsibilities

Workers have the right to:

  • Stop work if facing serious and imminent danger.
  • Participate in safety measures and risk assessments.
  • Follow safety procedures and report hazards.

Health Surveillance and Monitoring

Employers must engage occupational health services for regular medical examinations and specific risk assessments.

Inspection and Compliance

Inspections are carried out by the Labor Inspectorate and other bodies, focusing on compliance with health and safety regulations. Inspections can be routine, targeted, or follow-up, with potential actions ranging from improvement notices to criminal prosecution for severe violations.

Accident Reporting and Investigation

Employers must report workplace accidents and investigate causes to prevent recurrence. Workers are entitled to compensation for injuries and occupational diseases, with specific procedures for claims and potential employer contestation.


Reunion adheres to stringent health and safety standards, with comprehensive employer responsibilities and robust worker protections, reflecting its alignment with French and EU regulations.

Dispute Resolution in Reunion

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Reunion, an overseas department of France, follows the French legal system, including its labor dispute resolution mechanisms. The primary methods for resolving labor disputes are labor courts (Conseil de Prud'hommes) and arbitration panels.

Labor Courts (Conseil de Prud'hommes):

  • Jurisdiction over disputes between employees and employers.
  • Handle issues like employment contracts, working conditions, discrimination, termination, and compensation.
  • Composed of equal numbers of employee and employer representatives.
  • Divided into specialized sections and located in major cities.
  • Process begins with conciliation, followed by a panel hearing if unresolved. Decisions can be appealed.


  • Used for both individual and collective labor disputes.
  • Often stipulated in collective bargaining agreements.
  • Arbitrators can be chosen by the parties or appointed and issue binding decisions.

Compliance and Inspections:

  • Businesses must comply with French law, EU directives, and local ordinances.
  • Compliance audits and inspections are conducted by various government agencies and independent auditors.
  • Regular audits identify areas for improvement and ensure adherence to laws, avoiding legal repercussions.

Whistleblower Protections:

  • Protected under the Sapin II Law, which safeguards against retaliation and ensures anonymity.
  • Whistleblowers can report internally or to external authorities and may receive legal support.

International and EU Labor Standards:

  • Reunion adheres to ILO conventions and EU labor directives, influencing local labor laws.
  • Standards cover forced labor, discrimination, collective bargaining, working hours, and equal treatment among others.

These systems and regulations ensure that employees in Reunion have strong legal protections and that businesses operate within a framework of compliance, promoting ethical practices and protecting workers' rights.

Cultural Considerations in Reunion

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Reunion Island, a French department in the Indian Ocean, exhibits a unique workplace culture influenced by its diverse French, African, Malagasy, and Indian heritage. Communication in Reunionese workplaces is characterized by nuanced directness, where disagreements are often expressed indirectly to maintain group harmony. Formality levels vary; more formal in client meetings and less so in daily interactions, yet respectful address of superiors is consistent.

Non-verbal communication is crucial, with significant emphasis on body language and proxemics, indicating comfort with closer personal spaces. Relationship building is fundamental in negotiations, prioritizing rapport and trust before business dealings, and aiming for collaborative, win-win outcomes.

The hierarchical business structure in Reunion reflects a high Power Distance Index, with decisions typically flowing from the top down, though there is a focus on consensus and informal consultations within teams. This structure coexists with a collectivistic culture that values interpersonal relationships and consensus.

Public holidays in Reunion follow the French national calendar with additional regional observances reflecting its multicultural makeup. These holidays significantly impact business operations, necessitating careful planning to accommodate reduced productivity and operational hours during these periods.

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