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Dominican Republic

Tax Obligations Detailed

Discover employer and employee tax responsibilities in Dominican Republic

Employer tax responsibilities

Employers have several tax responsibilities, including various social security contributions and other mandatory contributions.

Social Security Contributions

Employers are required to make the following social security contributions:

  • Pension and Disability Insurance (AFP): This is 7.10% of the employee's gross salary, with a maximum contribution of 269,640.00 DOP.
  • Family Healthcare (SFS): This is 7.09% of the employee's gross salary, with a maximum contribution of 134,820.00 DOP.
  • Occupational Risk Insurance (ARL): This is 1.20% of the employee's gross salary, with a maximum contribution of 53,928.00 DOP.

Other Mandatory Contributions

In addition to social security contributions, employers also have other mandatory contributions:

  • Technical Education Tax: Employers are required to contribute 1% of their total monthly payroll towards the financing of a program for the technical instruction and training of workers.

Important Considerations

There are also important considerations that employers need to keep in mind:

  • Contribution Limits: Some contributions, like those for Pension and Disability Insurance, are subject to a maximum insurable income.
  • Reporting and Payment: Employers are required to withhold employee contributions, add their own, and remit the total payments to the appropriate social security funds and governing bodies.

Employee tax deductions

In the Dominican Republic, a progressive income tax system is in place. The current tax brackets and rates are as follows:

  • Up to 416,220 DOP: 0%
  • 416,220 DOP – 624,329 DOP: 15%
  • 624,329 DOP – 867,123 DOP: 20%
  • Over 867,123 DOP: 25%

Social Security Contributions

Employees are required to contribute to the following social security funds:

  • Pension and Disability Insurance (AFP): 2.87% of gross salary
  • Family Healthcare (SFS): 3.04% of gross salary

Other Mandatory Deductions

There is also a Technical Education Tax where employees contribute 0.50% of bonuses received. This is used towards the financing of a program for the technical instruction and training of workers.

Important Considerations

There are some important factors to consider when it comes to employee tax deductions. For instance, some social security contributions have maximum income thresholds. Furthermore, employers are required to deduct income tax and social security contributions from their employees' salaries.


In the Dominican Republic, the standard rate of ITBIS (Impuesto sobre Transferencias de Bienes Industrializados y Servicios) is 18%. Currently, there are no reduced rates that apply specifically to services.

VAT Liability for Services

Determining if your services are subject to ITBIS in the Dominican Republic involves understanding the place of supply rules. These rules are crucial for determining where your service is deemed to be provided for ITBIS purposes. Different rules apply depending on the type of service, whether the customer is a business (B2B) or a consumer (B2C), and the location of both parties.

In certain B2B transactions, the reverse charge mechanism might apply. This means the Dominican business receiving the service becomes responsible for reporting and paying the ITBIS.

Important Categories of Services

Providing digital services (software subscriptions, downloads, etc.) to customers in the Dominican Republic might trigger ITBIS obligations. Services with a significant connection to a property located in the Dominican Republic (e.g., construction work, real estate services) usually fall under Dominican ITBIS rules. Consulting, accounting, and legal services generally are subject to ITBIS in the Dominican Republic when provided within the country.

VAT Registration and Reporting

Businesses exceeding a specific revenue threshold within the Dominican Republic might be required to register for ITBIS. Registered businesses must file periodic ITBIS returns and make corresponding payments to the tax authorities in the Dominican Republic.

Important Considerations

It's important to seek tailored advice on the ITBIS implications for your specific services and ensure compliance with Dominican regulations.

Tax incentives

Companies operating within designated Free Trade Zones (Zonas Francas) can benefit from numerous tax incentives. These include a full exemption from corporate income tax typically for a period of 15 years, exemptions on imports and local purchase of goods and services used within the zone, and exemption from import duties on raw materials, equipment, and machinery.

Tourism Development Incentives

Law 158-01 provides specific incentives for tourism development in designated areas. These include up to a 100% exemption from corporate income tax for 15 years, exemption from taxes related to construction permits, property transfers, etc., and exemption from import duties on goods and equipment necessary for approved tourism projects.

Other Potential Incentives

There are also tax benefits and incentives available for businesses investing in renewable energy projects. Businesses establishing in designated border regions may qualify for tax reductions and other incentives. The Dominican Republic offers tax credits and other benefits to encourage foreign investment in the film industry.

Important Considerations

Specific eligibility criteria apply to different incentives. Ensure your business and activities meet the necessary requirements. Tax incentives usually involve formal applications and approval from relevant government agencies.

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