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Remote and Flexible Work Options

Learn about remote work policies and flexible work arrangements in Denmark

Remote work

Denmark has a relatively progressive legal framework for remote work compared to many other countries. The Working Environment Act (Arbejdsmiljøloven) provides a foundation for a safe and healthy work environment, including remote work settings. Employers have a responsibility to assess and address potential risks associated with remote work, such as ergonomics and psychosocial factors.

Telework Agreement

While not mandatory, a written telework agreement between employer and employee is highly recommended. This agreement outlines the terms and conditions of the remote work arrangement, including work hours, communication methods, data security protocols, equipment provision (if applicable), and expense reimbursements (if applicable).

Equal Treatment

The Danish Equality Act ensures remote employees receive equal treatment compared to in-office employees regarding pay, benefits, and career advancement opportunities.

Technological Infrastructure

Denmark boasts a robust technological infrastructure that supports remote work. Fiber optic internet is widely available throughout the country, with continued improvements in rural areas. Reliable internet access is crucial for seamless communication and data exchange. Cellular network coverage is extensive, with strong data plans offered by various providers. This offers remote workers flexibility and mobility. The Danish workforce generally possesses good digital literacy skills, facilitating adaptation to remote work practices.

Employer Responsibilities

Beyond legal mandates, employers have additional responsibilities for a successful remote work environment. Establishing clear communication channels and utilizing collaboration tools are crucial. Video conferencing platforms, project management software, and instant messaging tools can foster teamwork despite physical distance.

Performance Management

Developing performance evaluation methods suitable for a remote work setting is essential. Regular check-ins, clear goal setting, and open communication of expectations ensure continued productivity and employee satisfaction.

Equipment and Expenses

Employers may choose to provide company-issued devices or reimburse internet/data plan expenses as outlined in the telework agreement. Clear agreements within the contract help avoid misunderstandings.

Employee Wellbeing

Considering the well-being of remote employees is important. This may involve offering flexible work hours, establishing clear boundaries between work and personal life, and providing mechanisms to address potential feelings of isolation. Regular virtual team-building activities and open communication channels can foster a sense of connection and belonging.

Flexible work arrangements

In Denmark, the Working Environment Act provides a foundation for a safe and healthy work environment, including flexible work arrangements. These arrangements, such as part-time work, flexitime, and job sharing, are typically established through negotiation between employers and employees. It's recommended to formalize these agreements in writing to ensure clarity for both parties.

Part-Time Work

Part-time work is widely accepted in Denmark. Employment contracts for part-time positions should specify work hours, benefits (proportional to full-time positions), and expectations.


Employers may offer flexitime arrangements, allowing employees some flexibility in scheduling their work hours within agreed-upon core working times.

Job Sharing

Job sharing, while not explicitly addressed in the Working Environment Act, is a possibility. Two or more employees can share the responsibilities of one full-time position. Agreements outlining responsibilities, communication channels, and work schedules are crucial.

Equipment and Expense Reimbursements

The Working Environment Act doesn't mandate employers to provide equipment or reimburse expenses related to flexible work arrangements. However, telework agreements can address equipment provision and expense reimbursements (e.g., internet, data plans). Clear agreements within the contract help avoid misunderstandings. Some employers may choose to contribute to equipment costs or reimburse expenses associated with flexible work arrangements, even outside of telework agreements.

Data protection and privacy

Data protection and privacy are critical aspects of remote and flexible work. Employers have a responsibility to implement appropriate technical and organizational measures to protect personal data, including that of remote employees. This is inspired by GDPR Article 32, although not directly enforceable in Denmark.

Employer Obligations

Employers should train remote employees on data security best practices, including password management, recognizing phishing attempts, and proper data handling procedures. Transparency and communication are also crucial. Employers must be clear about the data collected from remote employees and its intended use. Clear data privacy policies adhering to GDPR principles are essential.

The Working Environment Act encourages telework agreements between employers and remote workers. These agreements can mandate data security protocols to ensure responsible data handling practices.

Employee Rights

There are currently no explicit laws granting remote employees specific rights regarding data access or erasure in Denmark. However, the GDPR principles promote transparency, accountability, and individual control over personal data. These principles can be interpreted as granting remote employees certain data privacy rights, even if not explicitly codified in Danish law.

The Working Environment Act emphasizes a safe and healthy work environment, which can be interpreted to encompass data security concerns for remote workers.

Best Practices for Securing Data

Employers should collect and store only the minimum data necessary for remote work functions. Sensitive data should be encrypted both at rest and in transit. Implement strong access controls to company data and systems, granting access only to authorized personnel.

Maintain regular data backups to ensure data recovery in case of incidents. Develop a plan to identify, report, and address data security breaches. Utilize secure communication platforms for work-related exchanges. Providing company-issued devices for remote work can enhance data security.

Remote employees also share responsibility for data security. They should use strong passwords and practice good password hygiene. They should be aware of the types of data they access and handle remotely. Reporting any suspected data breaches to their employer promptly is also crucial.

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