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Czech Republic

Tax Obligations Detailed

Discover employer and employee tax responsibilities in Czech Republic

Employer tax responsibilities

In the Czech Republic, employers have several tax responsibilities. These include withholding and remitting income tax, making social security contributions, and health insurance contributions.

Withholding and Remitting Income Tax

Employers are responsible for withholding income tax from employees' salaries and wages. The rates are 15% on income up to CZK 1,582,812 and 23% on income above CZK 1,582,812 (as of 2023). Payments to the tax authorities must be made no later than the 20th of the following month. While monthly payroll reports are not required, employers must file an annual tax declaration detailing the amount of income tax paid on behalf of all employees. This is due on 20 March of the following year.

Social Security Contributions

Employers contribute 24.8% of the employee's gross salary, including benefits and allowances, to social security. These funds are used for pension, sickness, and unemployment benefits. Payments are made to the Social Security Administration (ČSSZ).

Health Insurance Contributions

Employers are responsible for withholding and remitting both employer and employee health insurance contributions. The employer contribution is 9% of the employee's gross salary, including benefits and allowances. Payments are made to the relevant health insurance fund.

Additional Responsibilities

Apart from these, employers also have additional responsibilities. These include registration with the tax authorities and social security administration, filing annual tax returns, keeping accurate payroll records, providing employees with payslips, and ensuring compliance with labor laws.

Employee tax deductions

In the Czech Republic, employees are subject to a progressive income tax system. However, in practice, most income sources are taxed at a flat rate of 15%. Those with higher incomes may be subject to a solidarity surcharge on income exceeding a specified threshold.

Employee Social Security Contributions

Employees in the Czech Republic contribute to the following:

  • Pension Insurance: 6.5% of gross salary
  • Health Insurance: 4.5% of gross salary

Solidarity Surcharge

  • Applicable Threshold: The solidarity surcharge applies to the portion of monthly earnings exceeding four times the average monthly wage.
  • Rate: 7% on the portion of income above the threshold.

Important Considerations for Employee Tax Deductions

  • Tax Credits and Deductions: Employees might be eligible for various tax credits and deductions that can reduce their tax liability. These often include family-related deductions and tax credits for mortgage interest or life insurance contributions.


In the Czech Republic, the standard VAT rate is 21%. There are also reduced rates of 15% and 10% that apply to specific goods and services, including some food items, domestic passenger transportation, water supplies, pharmaceuticals, books, newspapers, and baby food.

VAT Liability for Services

Determining whether you need to charge VAT on your services in the Czech Republic involves understanding the place of supply rules. Services are generally taxable where they are deemed to be performed. Complex rules apply depending on the type of service, whether the customer is a business (B2B) or an individual (B2C), and the location of both parties.

The reverse charge mechanism might apply under certain B2B transactions. This means that the Czech business receiving a service from a non-Czech supplier might be responsible for reporting and paying the VAT.

Important Categories of Services

If you provide digital services (apps, downloads, subscriptions) to consumers in the Czech Republic, you might be liable for Czech VAT, even if your business is established outside of the Czech Republic. Services with a strong connection to a property located in the Czech Republic (e.g., construction, real estate services) are usually subject to VAT there. Consulting, legal, and accounting services, when the place of supply is determined to be the Czech Republic, typically fall under Czech VAT rules.

VAT Registration and Reporting

Businesses exceeding a specific turnover threshold (currently 2 million CZK) in the Czech Republic are generally required to register for VAT. Voluntary registration is also possible. Registered businesses must file periodic VAT returns (monthly or quarterly) along with corresponding payments. The EU's One-Stop-Shop (OSS) system can streamline the process for certain electronically supplied services.

Tax incentives

The Czech Republic provides a variety of tax incentives to encourage business investment, innovation, and job creation.

Corporate Income Tax (CIT) Relief

Eligible projects for this incentive include the initiation of new operations, expansion of existing activities, or specific projects in priority areas such as manufacturing, technology centers, and strategic service centers. The benefits include partial or full CIT relief for up to ten years, depending on the project type and region.

Cash Grants for Investment Projects

These grants are designed to support the acquisition of tangible and intangible fixed assets for strategic investment projects. The amount can be up to 10-20% of eligible investment costs, depending on the region and project priority.

Material Support for Job Creation

This incentive aims to help companies create new job opportunities in priority regions or for specific target groups. The amount can be up to CZK 1 million per job created, depending on the region and target group.

Research and Development (R&D) Tax Incentives

Up to 100% of eligible R&D expenditures can be deducted from the tax base as a special tax allowance. This effectively allows for a double deduction of R&D costs for tax purposes.

Other Incentives

Other incentives include real estate tax exemptions, land transfer at a discounted price, and support for staff training and retraining.

Eligibility and Application Process

Eligibility varies depending on the specific incentive, but typically applies to Czech entities, including subsidiaries of foreign companies. The application process involves submitting a detailed project proposal to CzechInvest, the government agency responsible for managing investment incentives.

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