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Tax Obligations Detailed

Discover employer and employee tax responsibilities in Congo

Employer tax responsibilities

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, employers have several tax responsibilities.


Employers must register with the National Social Security Institute (INSS) and obtain a tax identification number (NIF) from the Directorate General of Taxes (DGI).

Payroll Taxes

Employers are required to withhold personal income tax from employees' salaries according to the progressive tax scale. They must also pay a single tax on remuneration (IPR) at varying rates depending on the type of employee and industry.

Social security contributions for employees are also a responsibility of the employer. These include contributions towards retirement (pension), vocational risks, family allowances, the National Professional Advancement Fund (INPP), and the National Employment Office (ONEM).

Exceptional Salaries Tax (IER)

Employers are required to pay a 25% tax on the remuneration of expatriate employees. For mining companies, this rate is reduced to 10%.

Filing and Payment

Employers must file payroll tax returns and make payments by the 15th day of the month following salary payment and by the 15th day of the year following the year of salary payment for the annual return.


Failure to comply with tax obligations can result in penalties ranging from 20% to 40% of the tax amount due, as well as interest of 2% per month on late payments.

Additional Notes

Congo has two separate tax jurisdictions: The Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa). Tax laws and regulations can change frequently, so it's essential to consult with a qualified tax advisor or accountant to ensure compliance with current regulations.

Employee tax deductions

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, employees are subject to Personal Income Tax (PIT) on their salaries and other taxable income. The PIT rate is progressive, ranging from 0% to 40%. The tax brackets and rates are subject to change annually. For example, the tax brackets for salaried employees might be 0% on income up to CDF 546,000, 20% on income from CDF 546,001 to CDF 1,540,000, and 40% on income above CDF 1,540,000.

Social Security Contributions

Employees contribute a portion of their earnings towards social security. This covers retirement (pension) at a rate of 5%, vocational risks at 1.5%, family allowances at 6.5%, and the National Professional Advancement Fund (INPP) at 1% to 3%. These contributions are mandatory and deducted from employees' salaries.

Single Tax on Remuneration (IPR)

An additional tax of 7.5% for resident employees and 6% for non-resident employees is withheld from salaries. Certain industries, such as oil companies, may have different IPR rates.

Exceptional Salaries Tax (IER)

Expatriate employees are subject to a 25% tax on their remuneration (10% for mining companies).

Health Insurance Contributions

Employees may contribute to a health insurance plan, either through their employer or individually. The contribution rates vary depending on the plan and provider.

Other Potential Deductions

Other potential deductions include union dues if a member of a labor union, professional association fees if a member of a professional association, and court-ordered deductions such as child support or alimony.

Important Notes

Tax laws and regulations in Congo are subject to change. It's crucial to consult with a qualified tax advisor or accountant to ensure compliance with current regulations. Employees should carefully review their pay slips to understand the specific deductions made from their salaries.


In both the Republic of Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, businesses providing taxable services must register for VAT if their turnover exceeds a specific threshold. However, businesses below the threshold can still register voluntarily.

Republic of Congo

The standard VAT rate in the Republic of Congo is 18%. In addition to this, a surtax of 5% is applied, effectively bringing the total VAT rate to 18.9%. This surtax is not deductible. A reduced rate of 5% exists for specific goods and services.

Services provided within the Republic of Congo that are subject to VAT include professional services, technical services, repairs and maintenance, telecommunications, transportation, hospitality, and any other services rendered for consideration within the country.

VAT is calculated on the value of the service provided, which generally includes all costs, taxes, duties, and other charges related to the service, excluding the VAT itself. VAT returns are generally filed monthly, with deadlines for filing and payment determined by the tax authorities.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the standard VAT rate is 16%, with a reduced rate of 8% for certain essential goods and services.

Most services provided within the DRC are subject to VAT. However, specific exemptions exist, including essential goods and services (often subject to the reduced 8% rate), exports, and certain financial services.

Taxable services must be accompanied by VAT invoices that meet specific legal requirements. VAT returns are generally filed monthly, usually by the 15th of the following month.

Tax incentives

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, businesses can benefit from a variety of tax incentives. These include Corporate Income Tax (CIT) exemptions and reductions for investments in Special Economic Zones (SEZs) and Industrial Zones, with CIT exemption for the first 6-10 years, depending on the zone, and reduced CIT rates of 5-15% for subsequent years. There are also exemptions from registration fees for company creation and reduced rates on transfer deeds.

Investments in remote areas can enjoy CIT exemption for up to 10 years, and other benefits may include duty-free imports of equipment and materials. Investments in priority sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing, infrastructure, and renewable energy may qualify for CIT reductions or exemptions, depending on the specific project.

Newly established companies can benefit from a 50% reduction in CIT for the first two years of operation. Businesses can also depreciate assets more quickly, reducing taxable income in the early years of operation.

Companies that meet specific criteria, such as investing a minimum of USD 200,000, can qualify for benefits under the Investments Code. These benefits include customs and tax exemptions on imports of machinery, materials, and equipment, tax exemption on profits for a period of 30 days, and exemption from property tax.

Other Incentives

In the mining sector, there are reduced withholding tax on interest paid on foreign loans, reduced withholding tax on dividends, and exceptional tax for expatriate remuneration at a lower rate. Certain expenses, such as training costs and research and development, may be eligible for additional deductions.

Republic of Congo

In the Republic of Congo, businesses can benefit from CIT exemption for 5-6 years in Special Economic Zones and Industrial Zones. Reduced CIT rates of 10-20% apply for subsequent years. There's a single tax on remuneration (IPR) rate of 2.5%, permanently. Exemption from registration fees for company creation and reduced rates on transfer deeds are also available. Health Free Zones offer CIT exemption for 10 years.

Key Considerations

It's crucial to carefully review the specific requirements and eligibility criteria for each incentive to ensure compliance. Consult with a qualified tax advisor or accountant to determine the most beneficial incentives for your business and ensure compliance with regulations. Tax laws and incentives in Congo can change frequently, so stay informed about any updates to ensure you're maximizing the benefits available to your business.

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