Rivermate | Central African Republic flag

Central African Republic

Termination and Severance Policies

Learn about the legal processes for employee termination and severance in Central African Republic

Notice period

In the Central African Republic (CAR), specific notice periods for terminating employment contracts are mandated by the Labor Code (LC). The required notice period for termination varies depending on the employee's pay structure and position within the company.

Notice Periods Based on Employee's Position and Pay Structure

  • Hourly, Daily, Weekly, Fortnightly, or Piece Rate Workers: These employees are entitled to eight days' notice (LC, Art. 148).
  • Monthly Paid Workers: Employees receiving a monthly salary require one month's notice (LC, Art. 148).
  • Supervisory and Managerial Staff: The notice period increases for supervisory positions ("agents de maîtrise") and similar roles, requiring two months' notice (LC, Art. 148).
  • Management Positions ("cadres"): The highest tier of employees, management positions, have the longest notice period at three months (LC, Art. 148).

Importance of Notice Periods

The notice period serves as a buffer to allow for a smooth handover of duties and for the employee to find new employment. Employers who fail to provide the legally mandated notice period may be liable to pay the employee compensation in lieu of notice. The Labor Code provisions act as a minimum requirement. Employment contracts or collective bargaining agreements can establish a longer notice period, offering additional protection to employees.

Exceptions to Notice Periods

There are limited situations where the standard notice period may not apply:

  • Mutual Agreement: If both employer and employee reach a mutual agreement on termination, a shorter notice period or immediate termination can be arranged.
  • Serious Misconduct: In cases of gross misconduct by the employee, such as theft or violence, the employer may be entitled to terminate employment immediately without notice (LC, Art. 64).

Severance pay

In the Central African Republic (CAR), severance pay is not a statutory right unless it is explicitly stipulated in the employment contract or a collective bargaining agreement.

Labor Code Provisions

The Labor Code in CAR does not mandate severance pay entitlements.

Employment Contracts

The responsibility falls on the employment contract to clearly define severance pay terms, including eligibility, calculation methods, and payout conditions.

Collective Bargaining Agreements

Industry-specific collective bargaining agreements may establish severance pay standards for specific sectors or occupations.

Alternative Scenarios for Compensation

If an employment contract does not mention severance pay, and there's no relevant collective bargaining agreement, alternative scenarios may come into play upon termination:

  • Unjustified Dismissal: In cases of wrongful termination deemed "unjustified" by a labor court, the employee may be awarded damages as compensation, though this wouldn't be classified as traditional severance pay.
  • Negotiation: During the termination process, negotiation between employer and employee might lead to a severance pay agreement, even if not mandated by law.

The absence of statutory severance pay can make navigating termination procedures in the CAR more complex. It's highly recommended to:

  • Consult an Employment Lawyer: A lawyer specializing in Central African Republic labor law can provide specific guidance based on the individual employment contract and applicable industry standards.
  • Review Collective Bargaining Agreements: If applicable, understanding the terms outlined in relevant collective bargaining agreements can clarify any severance pay entitlements.

Termination process

In the Central African Republic, the termination of employment contracts follows specific procedures as outlined in the Labour Code (LC) of 2009. Both employers and employees can initiate termination by providing written notice. The required notice period varies depending on the employee's seniority.

During the probationary period, as defined in the employment contract, neither party is obligated to provide notice before termination. There is no statutory requirement for employers to pay severance pay in the Central African Republic. However, severance pay can be negotiated and included within the individual employment contract or established through collective bargaining agreements between employers and employee representatives.

Rivermate | A 3d rendering of earth

Hire your employees globally with confidence

We're here to help you on your global hiring journey.