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Salary and Compensation Insights

Explore salary structures and compensation details in Burundi

Market competitive salaries

In the competitive job market of today, the ability to attract and retain top talent often depends on the provision of market competitive salaries. This is particularly true in the context of Burundi, where various factors influence competitive pay.

Market competitive salaries refer to the compensation package offered for a specific position, which aligns with the prevailing rates within a particular industry and geographic location. This is not limited to the base salary alone, but may also include benefits and other forms of compensation.

When determining a market competitive salary in Burundi, employers need to consider:

Industry Standards

Salaries typically vary across industries. For instance, the banking and mining sectors might offer higher base salaries compared to the education or social care sectors.

Employee Experience and Qualifications

Candidates who are more experienced or highly qualified within a role will generally command higher salaries.

Cost of Living

It is crucial to account for the cost of living in Burundi, particularly in major cities like Bujumbura.

Staying informed about market rates is a continuous process that requires ongoing research. Here are some valuable resources:

Salary Surveys

Reputable online platforms conduct periodic salary surveys in Burundi, providing valuable insights into the average salaries for various positions.

Job Postings

Analyzing the salary ranges advertised for similar roles on job boards or company websites can provide a benchmark for competitive pay.

Recruitment Agencies

Consulting with recruitment agencies that specialize in Burundi can offer valuable insights on the prevailing salary trends within specific industries.

Minimum wage

Burundi mandates a minimum wage for all formally employed workers, which is crucial for employers operating in the country to understand.

Minimum Wage Rates

Burundi implements a differentiated minimum wage system, with rates varying depending on location and industry sector. The minimum wage is higher in urban areas compared to rural areas, as established by the Ministerial Order No. 627/10/TR/PRES of 23 November 2011. This order establishes two zones:

  • Zone 1 (Urban): Applies to Bujumbura, the capital city, and Gitega, the administrative capital. The current minimum daily wage in Zone 1 is 160 Burundian Francs (FBU).
  • Zone 2 (Rural): Covers all other regions of Burundi. The minimum daily wage in Zone 2 is 150 FBU.

While the aforementioned Ministerial Order establishes the general minimum wage, certain sectors might have higher minimum wages established through sectoral collective bargaining agreements.


There may be exceptions to the minimum wage regulations for specific categories of workers, including apprentices or trainees undergoing vocational training. However, clear guidelines outlining these exceptions are typically not publicly available.

Enforcement and Responsibilities

The Ministry of Labor in Burundi is responsible for enforcing minimum wage regulations. Employers who fail to comply risk penalties, including fines and potential legal action.

It's important to note that the minimum wage is subject to periodic adjustments based on economic factors and cost of living. Staying updated on the latest minimum wage pronouncements issued by the Ministry of Labor is essential for employers.

Bonuses and allowances

Employee compensation in Burundi extends beyond just base salary. Many employers offer a variety of bonuses and allowances to attract and retain talent.

Mandatory Benefits

Burundian law mandates specific benefits employers must contribute to:

  • Social Security: Employers contribute 6% of the monthly payroll, with an additional 3% for arduous work. Employees contribute 4%, increasing to 5.8% for arduous professions. This social security coverage provides benefits like old-age pensions, disability pensions, and medical coverage.
  • Constant Attendance Allowance: A mandatory allowance intended to incentivize regular attendance. The specific amount is not publicly defined.

Discretionary Bonuses and Allowances

In addition to mandated benefits, employers in Burundi may offer various discretionary bonuses and allowances:

  • 13th Month Bonus: While not mandated by law, a popular year-end bonus often equivalent to one month's salary.
  • Housing Allowance: To help offset housing costs, particularly in urban areas.
  • Transportation Allowance: An allowance to cover commuting expenses, especially for employees who live far from the workplace.
  • School Allowances: Some employers provide allowances to help with employee's children's educational expenses.
  • Performance-Based Bonuses: Bonuses rewarding employees for exceeding targets or demonstrating exceptional performance.

The specific types and amounts of discretionary bonuses and allowances can vary depending on the company, industry, and employee position.

Importance of Bonuses and Allowances

Offering competitive bonuses and allowances can significantly enhance an employee's compensation package. This can lead to several advantages for employers:

  • Attract Top Talent: Competitive benefits packages make a company more attractive to potential hires, especially in a competitive job market.
  • Motivate Employees: Bonuses tied to performance can incentivize employees to achieve set goals and improve overall productivity.
  • Employee Retention: A well-rounded compensation package that includes bonuses and allowances can contribute to lower employee turnover.

Payroll cycle

The standard payroll cycle in Burundi follows a monthly schedule. Employees typically receive their salaries once a month, on a predetermined date. This aligns with Burundian labor law, which mandates salary payment within eight days after the end of the month the salary is due.

Burundian law establishes several key aspects of payroll:

  • Minimum Wage: The minimum wage varies depending on location. Ministerial Order No. 627/10/TR/PRES of 23 November 2011 defines two zones:
    • Zone 1 (Urban): Applies to Bujumbura and Gitega. The current minimum daily wage is 160 Burundian Francs (FBU).
    • Zone 2 (Rural): Covers all other regions. The minimum daily wage is 150 FBU.
  • Overtime: Work exceeding the standard 40-hour workweek must be compensated as overtime. Overtime pay rates are established by employment contracts or collective bargaining agreements, adhering to minimum legal requirements outlined in Burundian labor law.
  • Social Security: Employers contribute 6% of the monthly payroll, with an additional 3% for arduous work. Employees contribute 4%, increasing to 5.8% for arduous professions. This social security coverage provides benefits like pensions and medical coverage.

Employers are responsible for maintaining detailed employee records for a reasonable period to comply with these regulations.

Additional Considerations

While monthly payroll is standard, some companies, particularly in specific industries, might adopt different frequencies based on operational needs or contractual agreements.

  • 13th Month Bonus: It's common practice for employers to provide a year-end bonus, often referred to as the "13th month," although not mandated by law.
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