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Burkina Faso

Tax Obligations Detailed

Discover employer and employee tax responsibilities in Burkina Faso

Employer tax responsibilities

Employers have several tax responsibilities that they must fulfill. These include withholding a portion of an employee's gross salary for social security contributions, contributing towards a professional training fund, and levying a tax on payroll to support social welfare programs.

Social Security Contributions (Employer Portion)

Employers are responsible for withholding 16% of an employee's gross salary for social security contributions. These contributions go towards old-age pensions, disability, and other social security benefits.

Professional Training Tax (TFP)

Employers are required to contribute 1.5% of gross payroll towards a professional training fund. This fund is used to provide training and development opportunities for employees.

National Solidarity Fund Tax (CFS)

A 1% tax is levied on payroll to support social welfare programs. This tax is used to fund various social initiatives and programs aimed at improving the welfare of the community.

Patriotic Support Fund Contribution

Employers must withhold an additional 1% of an employee's net salary for a support fund. However, certain sectors may be exempt from this requirement.

Reporting and Deadlines

Employers must file monthly and annual declarations of withheld taxes and contributions. The deadlines and procedures for these filings are specified by the tax authorities.

Non-compliance Penalties

Failure to comply with tax obligations can result in significant penalties and fines. It is therefore crucial for employers to ensure they meet all their tax responsibilities.


Employers must register with tax authorities and social security authorities. This registration is a crucial step in ensuring compliance with tax laws and regulations.

Employee tax deductions

Employee tax deductions are an essential part of payroll processing. In Burkina Faso, these deductions are primarily composed of personal income tax and social security contributions.

Personal Income Tax (Impôt Unique sur les Traitements et Salaires - IUTS)

Income tax is withheld at source from employees' salaries based on a progressive tax rate structure. The latest tax brackets and rates can be found within Burkina Faso's Tax Code.

Social Security Contributions (Caisse Nationale de Sécurité Sociale - CNSS)

Employees contribute a percentage of their gross salary (around 5.5%) to the CNSS. This contribution covers pensions, occupational accident and disease insurance, and family allowances, which include maternity benefits.

Other Potential Deductions

There are other potential deductions that may apply to an employee's salary. A small percentage might be withheld as a solidarity contribution, depending on rules and regulations. If applicable, union membership fees could also be deducted from salaries.

Important Considerations

It's important to note that income tax rates (IUTS) and social security contribution rates can be updated. Therefore, it's crucial to always refer to the latest version of the Tax Code of Burkina Faso for the most accurate figures. Additionally, specific circumstances may lead to additional deductions, depending on an employee's situation.


In Burkina Faso, the standard VAT rate is 18%. This applies to most goods and services provided within the country. However, certain essential services, such as healthcare, education, and some financial services, might be exempt from VAT. For the most accurate and up-to-date list of exempt services, it's recommended to consult Burkina Faso's Tax Code.

VAT on Imported Services

Burkina Faso may utilize a "reverse charge" mechanism for specific services received from outside its borders. This means that the recipient of the service in Burkina Faso becomes responsible for calculating and paying VAT, even if the supplier is a foreign entity. It's important to assess if a particular imported service is considered taxable under Burkina Faso's VAT regulations.

Important Considerations

The VAT treatment of certain services can have nuances. It's best to refer to Burkina Faso's Tax Code or consult a tax advisor for clarification. The provision of services across borders may have more complex VAT implications regarding the place of supply.

Staying Compliant

The primary source of information on VAT regulations is Burkina Faso's Tax Code. For complex situations, international transactions, or to ensure complete compliance with VAT on services, it's advisable to consult a tax advisor specializing in Burkina Faso's tax system.

Tax incentives

Companies operating within designated economic growth zones may be eligible for reduced corporate income tax rates. Importation of certain essential goods, equipment, or raw materials required for production might be exempt from customs duties or enjoy reduced rates.

Tax Incentives for Specific Industries

Mining Sector

Companies in the exploration phase can benefit from VAT exemptions and customs duty reductions (around 5%) on exploration equipment and initial purchases of necessary spare parts. During the exploitation phase, there are possibilities for negotiated tax agreements for stability and specific benefits within the sector.

Agricultural Sector

Tax exemptions may apply to the importation of agricultural machinery, equipment, and other materials necessary for agricultural operations.

Renewable Energy Sector

Companies involved in renewable energy projects may receive incentives like tax holidays or reduced tax rates.

Investment Code Regimes

Burkina Faso offers tax incentives under various regimes through its Investment Code. There are four main regimes (Regime A, B, C, and D) with eligibility based on factors like the amount invested and jobs created. General benefits under these regimes may include corporate income tax holidays, usually for a specific number of years, and reductions on customs duties.

Tax incentives under a specific investment code regime generally require approval from the Burkina Faso Investment Promotion Agency (API-BF). Eligibility criteria and the specific benefits available under each incentive scheme can be complex. It's crucial to consult with tax advisors and refer to the latest legal documents from relevant government agencies in Burkina Faso.

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