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Salary and Compensation Insights

Explore salary structures and compensation details in Botswana

Market competitive salaries

Attracting and retaining top talent in Botswana's competitive job market requires offering salaries that are not only fair but also competitive with the market. Market competitive salaries represent the compensation offered for a specific role within a particular industry and geographic location in Botswana. They reflect what similar employers are paying for comparable positions, taking into account several factors.

Factors Influencing Market Competitive Salaries

  • Job Title & Responsibilities: The complexity and experience level required for the role significantly impact salary expectations. Senior positions with greater responsibility typically command higher salaries.
  • Industry Standards: Salaries can vary depending on the industry. Jobs in mining, finance, or the diamond sector might offer higher salaries compared to those in agriculture or tourism.
  • Education & Experience: Educational qualifications and relevant work experience directly influence salary. Someone with an advanced degree and extensive experience will likely command a higher salary than a recent graduate.
  • Location: Geographic variations exist within Botswana. Working in Gaborone, the capital city, might offer higher salaries compared to smaller towns or rural areas. However, the cost of living can also be higher in Gaborone.
  • Skillset & Certifications: Specialized skills and industry-specific certifications can increase an individual's value and translate to a higher salary.

Obtaining comprehensive and up-to-date salary data for Botswana can be challenging. However, several resources can be helpful in determining market competitive salaries.

Resources for Determining Market Competitive Salaries in Botswana

  • Salary Surveys: Reputable organizations like the Ministry of Labour and Home Affairs (MLHA) might conduct periodic salary surveys in Botswana. These surveys provide valuable insights into average salaries, salary ranges, and benefits offered for various positions across different industries.
  • Job Boards & Recruitment Agencies: Many online job boards and recruitment agencies list salaries alongside job postings in Botswana. While not always an exact reflection of market rates, they can provide a general sense of compensation trends.
  • Networking: Networking with professionals in similar roles or consulting with HR consultancies specializing in the Botswana market can also be valuable strategies for employers.

It's important to note that salary data may not be readily available through a single source. Combining information from various resources can provide a more comprehensive picture of market competitive salaries in Botswana.

Beyond Salary: A Competitive Compensation Package

While salary is a crucial factor, a comprehensive compensation package goes beyond just the base pay. Here are some additional benefits that can contribute to a competitive offer in Botswana:

  • Pension Fund Contributions: Botswana's social security system relies on mandatory contributions to a pension fund. Employers contribute a percentage of the employee's salary to the fund, managed by the National Provident Fund (NPF).
  • Health Insurance: Health insurance plans are a valuable benefit in Botswana, helping employees cover medical expenses. Employers offering health insurance can attract and retain talent.
  • Paid Time Off: Competitive vacation days, sick leave allowances, and personal leave days are essential for employee well-being and work-life balance.

By considering both salary and benefits, employers in Botswana can create a compensation package that is truly market competitive and helps them attract and retain top talent.

Minimum wage

Botswana's minimum wage is established by the government and applies to most employed individuals in the country. The national minimum wage in Botswana is a single, hourly rate applicable to all employees, except those covered by exceptions. As of 2022, the national minimum wage is set at BWP 7.34 (Botswana pula) per hour. It's important to consult the latest government pronouncements or reliable sources to ensure you have the most current minimum wage figure, as revisions might occur.

Minimum Wage for Security Guards

The national minimum wage doesn't apply to security guards employed by security companies. They have a separate, lower minimum wage established by Ministerial Order. As of 2022, the minimum wage for security guards employed by security companies is BWP 3.20 per hour.

Minimum Wage Orders by Industry

The Minister of Labour and Home Affairs has the authority to establish minimum wage orders for specific industries or sections of industries. These industry-specific minimum wages can be higher than the national minimum wage but cannot be lower. However, these industry-specific minimum wage orders are not readily available through a single, publicly accessible source. Employers can find this information through the Ministry of Labour and Home Affairs (MLHA) or by consulting with relevant industry associations.


The following categories of employees are exempt from the national minimum wage regulations:

  • Domestic Workers: Minimum wage regulations don't cover domestic workers employed in private households.
  • Government Employees: Employees directly under the Botswana government are not subject to minimum wage regulations, as their salaries are determined through separate government pay structures.

It's crucial for employers in Botswana to understand the minimum wage regulations that apply to their industry and employee categories. The Ministry of Labour and Home Affairs (MLHA) is responsible for enforcing minimum wage regulations. Employees who believe they are not receiving the minimum wage can file a complaint with the MLHA.

Bonuses and allowances

In Botswana, employee compensation extends beyond the base salary. Many companies offer a variety of bonuses and allowances to attract and retain top talent.


Bonuses are a common way to reward employees for their performance and contribution to the company's success. Here are some of the most common types:

  • Performance-based bonuses: These bonuses are awarded based on an employee's individual or team performance against set targets.
  • Profit-sharing bonuses: Some companies share a portion of their profits with employees, rewarding them for contributing to the company's success.
  • Sign-on bonuses: These bonuses are offered to new hires to incentivize them to join the company.

It's important to remember that there is no legal requirement in Botswana for employers to pay a bonus. Whether or not a bonus is offered, and the type of bonus, will depend on the individual company's policies.


Allowances are financial supplements provided to employees to cover work-related expenses. Here are some common examples:

  • Transport allowance: This allowance helps employees cover the cost of commuting to and from work.
  • Housing allowance: This allowance helps employees with housing costs, particularly in expensive areas.
  • Meal allowance: This allowance is provided to cover the cost of meals during work hours.
  • Communication allowance: This allowance covers phone and internet expenses related to the job.
  • Education allowance: Some companies offer allowances to cover the cost of further education or professional development.

Additional benefits

In addition to bonuses and allowances, many companies in Botswana offer other benefits to enhance their compensation package. These may include:

  • Health insurance
  • Pension plans
  • Paid time off (including annual leave, sick leave, and maternity leave)
  • Company car
  • Cell phone

Payroll cycle

In Botswana, the payroll and tax system is well-established but complex. It's essential for employers operating within the country to understand these fundamentals.

Pay Frequency

Although there's no legal mandate for pay frequency, most organizations in Botswana follow a monthly payroll cycle. The actual pay date can vary within the latter half of the month, typically falling between the 15th and the last day.

Overtime Compensation

Employers must provide additional compensation for overtime work that exceeds the standard hours. The overtime rate is 1.5 times the regular wage for exceeding daily working hours and doubles the hourly wage for work done on rest days or public holidays.

Other Considerations

  • Fiscal Year: Businesses in Botswana adhere to a July 1st to June 30th fiscal year for financial reporting and tax purposes.
  • 13th Month Pay: There's no legal requirement for employers to offer bonuses; however, they can include them as part of an employee's compensation package.
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