Rivermate | Bermuda flag


Salary and Compensation Insights

Explore salary structures and compensation details in Bermuda

Market competitive salaries

In today's competitive job market, attracting and retaining top talent requires offering salaries that are not only fair but also competitive with the market. This is particularly relevant in Bermuda, where the high cost of living necessitates competitive compensation packages.

Understanding Market Competitive Salaries

Market competitive salaries represent the compensation offered for a specific role within a particular industry and geographic location. They reflect what similar employers are paying for comparable positions, considering factors such as:

  • Job Title & Responsibilities: The complexity and experience level required for the role significantly impact salary expectations.
  • Industry Standards: Salaries can vary depending on the industry. Finance and reinsurance sectors in Bermuda typically offer higher salaries compared to retail or hospitality.
  • Education & Experience: Educational qualifications and relevant work experience directly influence salary.
  • Location: Geographic variations exist within Bermuda itself. Working in Hamilton, the capital city, might command a higher salary compared to remote locations.
  • Skillset & Certifications: Specialized skills and industry-specific certifications can increase an individual's value and translate to a higher salary.

Determining Market Competitive Salaries in Bermuda

Several resources can help employers and employees understand market competitive salaries in Bermuda:

  • Salary Surveys: Reputable organizations conduct regular salary surveys in Bermuda. These surveys provide valuable insights into average salaries, salary ranges, and benefits offered for various positions across different industries.
  • Job Boards & Recruitment Agencies: Many online job boards and recruitment agencies list salaries alongside job postings. While not always an exact reflection of market rates, they can provide a general sense of compensation trends.
  • Professional Organizations and Industry Associations: These entities often maintain salary data for their members, which can be beneficial for specific professions.

Additional Benefits Beyond Salary

While salary is a crucial factor, a comprehensive compensation package goes beyond just the base pay. Here are some additional benefits that can contribute to a competitive offer in Bermuda:

  • Health Insurance: Health insurance is a significant expense in Bermuda. Employers offering health insurance plans can attract and retain talent.
  • Pension Plans: Defined contribution or defined benefit pension plans are valuable long-term benefits that make an offer more attractive.
  • Paid Time Off: Competitive vacation days, sick leave, and personal leave allowances are essential for employee well-being.
  • Work-Life Balance Initiatives: Flexible work arrangements, remote work options, and childcare support can enhance employee satisfaction.

Minimum wage

Bermuda introduced its first minimum wage legislation in 2023, establishing a baseline for employee compensation. Understanding these regulations is crucial for both employers and employees in Bermuda.

Minimum Wage Rate

The Employment (Minimum Hourly Wage) Order 2023 sets Bermuda's minimum hourly wage at $16.40. This is the gross pay an employee is entitled to receive before any deductions are applied.

Application of Minimum Wage

The minimum wage applies to all employees in Bermuda, regardless of industry or employment type.

Treatment of Tips and Commissions

The Bermuda minimum wage legislation incorporates a hybrid payment structure for employees who receive gratuities, commissions, and service charges. Here's how it works:

  • The combined value of an employee's base wage and service charges, gratuities, and/or commissions must equal or exceed the minimum hourly wage of $16.40.
  • If the combined value falls below $16.40, the employer is responsible for topping up the difference to ensure the employee receives the minimum wage.
  • It's important to note that only gratuities, service charges, and commissions required to be paid to the employee are included in the calculation. Tips voluntarily given directly by customers to the employee (e.g., cash) are not counted towards the minimum wage.


The Department of Labour is responsible for enforcing Bermuda's minimum wage regulations. Employees who believe they are not receiving the minimum wage can file a complaint with the Department of Labour.

Bonuses and allowances

In Bermuda's job market, various bonuses and allowances are used by employers to attract and retain top talent. These benefits, alongside base salary, form a comprehensive compensation package that incentivizes employees and fosters a positive work environment.

Bonuses Offered in Bermuda

  • Performance Bonuses: Many organizations offer performance-based bonuses tied to achieving individual or company targets. These bonuses reward high performers and motivate employees to strive for excellence.
  • Signing Bonuses: Certain employers, particularly for in-demand roles or attracting overseas talent, may offer signing bonuses to incentivize candidates to accept the job offer.

Allowances Provided by Bermuda Employers

  • Cost-of-Living Allowance (COLA): Given Bermuda's high cost of living, employers often provide a COLA to help offset living expenses. This allowance can be a fixed amount or a percentage of salary.
  • Housing Allowance: Housing costs are a significant expense in Bermuda. Some employers offer housing allowances to ease the burden on employees, particularly those relocating from abroad.
  • Meal Allowance: Employers may provide meal allowances to cover the cost of meals during work hours, especially for employees who work long hours or irregular schedules.
  • Transportation Allowance: Companies might offer transportation allowances to assist with commuting costs, especially if public transportation options are limited. This could be a fixed monthly allowance, a fuel allowance, or a subsidized transportation pass program.

Additional Benefits to Consider

Beyond the bonuses and allowances mentioned above, employers may offer other attractive benefits, including:

  • Health Insurance: Health insurance plans are a valuable benefit in Bermuda, helping employees cover medical expenses.
  • Pension Plans: Defined contribution or defined benefit pension plans are long-term benefits that contribute to employees' financial security after retirement.
  • Paid Time Off: Competitive vacation days, sick leave allowances, and personal leave days are essential for employee well-being and work-life balance.

The specific types and amounts of bonuses and allowances offered can vary depending on the employer, industry, and employee's position and experience. It's always recommended to consult the specific company's benefits package details during the recruitment process.

Payroll cycle

In Bermuda, understanding the payroll cycle is crucial for employers. This includes aspects such as frequency, deductions, and legal considerations.

Payroll Frequency

Most employees in Bermuda adhere to a monthly payroll cycle. This is in line with common practices in many countries. However, the Bermuda Employment Act 1981 does not mandate a specific frequency. Employers can negotiate alternative arrangements with employees, such as bi-weekly or semi-monthly pay cycles, provided they are clearly outlined in the employment contract.

Mandatory Deductions

Several mandatory deductions are made from employee salaries in Bermuda. These include:

  • Social Security Contributions: Both employers and employees contribute to Bermuda's social security system, administered by the Bermuda Social Insurance Board (BSIB). The contribution rates are established annually by the BSIB.
  • Payroll Tax (PT): Employers are responsible for deducting PT from employee salaries and remitting it to the Bermuda Government.
  • Pension Contributions: Bermuda has a mandatory private pension plan system. Employees contribute a portion of their salary to a registered pension plan, with employers often making matching contributions. Specific contribution rates may vary depending on the chosen pension plan.

The Bermuda Employment Act 1981 establishes the legal framework for payroll practices in Bermuda. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Payslips: Employers are required to provide employees with payslips detailing their gross salary, deductions made, and net pay received. The payslip should also reflect any overtime pay earned.
  • Payment Methods: Salaries can be paid through bank transfers, checks, or electronic transfers. The chosen method should be agreed upon between the employer and employee.
  • Overtime Pay: Employees who work overtime hours are entitled to be compensated at a premium rate, typically 1.5 times the regular hourly rate for the first eight hours of overtime and double time for subsequent hours.

Employers must ensure their payroll practices comply with all relevant Bermuda labor laws. The Bermuda Department of Labour offers additional resources and guidance on payroll regulations.

Additional Considerations

While not mandatory, some employers in Bermuda may offer additional benefits that impact the payroll cycle, such as:

  • Performance-Based Bonuses: Bonuses tied to achieving specific targets can be paid out at the end of a performance period, which may differ from the regular pay cycle.
  • Health Insurance Premiums: If the employer offers group health insurance, employee contributions might be deducted pre-tax from their salaries.
Rivermate | A 3d rendering of earth

Hire your employees globally with confidence

We're here to help you on your global hiring journey.