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Salary and Compensation Insights

Explore salary structures and compensation details in Bahrain

Market competitive salaries

Understanding market competitive salaries is crucial for both employers seeking top Bahraini talent and employees ensuring they receive fair compensation. This guide explores key factors influencing salaries in Bahrain.

Factors Shaping Market Competitive Salaries

Several factors influence what constitutes a competitive salary in Bahrain:

  • Job Title and Industry: Salaries vary significantly across professions. The oil & gas sector typically offers higher salaries compared to education or retail.
  • Experience and Skills: Employees with more experience and specialized skillsets can command higher salaries. Age can also be a factor, with some positions favoring more seasoned professionals.
  • Location: Salaries tend to be higher in Manama, the capital city, compared to other regions in Bahrain.
  • Company Size and Reputation: Multinational corporations or larger, well-established domestic companies may offer higher salaries and benefits packages compared to smaller firms.
  • Education and Qualifications: Educational attainment and relevant certifications can significantly impact earning potential.

Researching Competitive Salaries

There are several authoritative resources to help you research market competitive salaries in Bahrain:

  • Paylab.com: This website offers salary surveys and reports for various job positions across different industries in Bahrain.
  • Payscale: While focused on Manama, Payscale offers salary information based on job title and location.
  • Kroll International Consulting: Kroll offers Bahrain-specific salary surveys that consider factors like remote work, niche industries, and expatriate packages.

Additional Considerations

While the resources mentioned above provide valuable insights, it's important to consider additional factors when determining a competitive salary offer:

  • Cost of Living: Factor in the cost of living in the specific location, including housing, transportation, and utilities.
  • Benefits: Consider the value of the offered benefits package, including health insurance, paid time off, and other perks.
  • Supply and Demand: In fields with high demand and limited qualified candidates, salaries may be driven higher.

Minimum wage

In Bahrain, unlike many countries, there is no universal minimum wage applicable to all private sector employees. However, a minimum wage exists for a specific category of workers: Bahraini citizens employed in the public sector.

Minimum Wage for Public Sector Bahraini Citizens

The minimum wage in Bahrain applies only to Bahraini nationals working for the government. The specific wage is determined by their educational attainment under the National Employment and Training Scheme:

  • High School Diploma: BD 300 (approximately $797 USD) per month
  • Diploma: BD 380 (approximately $1013 USD) per month
  • University Degree: BD 450 (approximately $1200 USD) per month

While there isn't a single law establishing a universal minimum wage, details regarding the minimum wage for public sector Bahraini citizens can be found within the National Employment and Training Scheme programs offered by the government.

No Minimum Wage for Private Sector or Expatriates

It's important to note that Bahrain does not currently have a mandated minimum wage for:

  • Private Sector Employees: Regardless of nationality, there is no legal minimum wage for workers in the private sector. This can lead to situations where salaries, particularly for migrant workers, fall below the estimated cost of living.
  • Expatriate Workers: Expatriate workers, regardless of profession, are not covered by any minimum wage regulations.

Keeping Up-to-Date on Minimum Wage Developments

While there is no current minimum wage for most workers in Bahrain, the situation can evolve. The Ministry of Labour and Social Development website might announce any future minimum wage legislation. Following Bahrain-based news outlets can provide insights into labor market developments and potential minimum wage discussions.

Bonuses and allowances

Bahrain offers a comprehensive compensation package to employees, which includes both mandated benefits and additional perks companies may provide. Let's delve into the different types of bonuses and allowances you might encounter in Bahrain.

Mandatory End-of-Service Benefits

Bahrain's Labour Law guarantees certain benefits upon termination of employment. These include:

  • Leaving Indemnity: Employees are entitled to compensation based on their service period. The calculation excludes allowances except for a social allowance.
  • Bonus for Termination by Employer: If the employer terminates the contract without fault of the employee, they must pay an additional bonus equivalent to half the leaving indemnity amount.


Several allowances are common in Bahrain, helping employees cover various expenses. These can include:

  • Housing Allowance: This helps offset employee housing costs, with the amount varying depending on the company and employee position.
  • Transportation Allowance: Companies may offer an allowance to cover commuting expenses, especially if public transportation isn't readily available.
  • Phone Allowance: Some employers provide an allowance to help with mobile phone expenses.
  • Other Allowances: Depending on the industry and company, additional allowances might exist, such as:
    • Shift Allowance: For employees working non-standard hours.
    • Nature of Work Allowance: For jobs with inherent risks or difficulties.
    • Supervision Allowance: For employees with supervisory roles.

Important Note: The total value of all allowances cannot exceed 100% of the employee's base salary.

Performance-Based Bonuses

While not mandated by law, many companies in Bahrain offer performance-based bonuses to incentivize productivity and achievement of goals. These bonuses can vary in structure and frequency depending on the company and role.

Payroll cycle

In Bahrain, specific regulations dictate the frequency of salary payments and their disbursement, which is crucial knowledge for both employers and employees.

Legally Mandated Payment Frequency

According to Bahrain's Labour Law, the minimum frequency for salary payments varies based on the type of employee:

  • Monthly Salaried Employees: Companies are required to disburse salaries at least once a month, typically at the end of the month.
  • Project-Based Employees: For projects lasting at least two weeks, employees should receive an advance payment within the first week and the remaining balance upon project completion.
  • Hourly Employees: Employees paid by the hour are entitled to receive their wages at least once a week.

These are the minimum requirements. Companies can opt to pay their employees more frequently, but they cannot fall below the mandated schedule.

Additional Considerations

Here are some additional points to consider regarding Bahrain's payroll cycle:

  • Salary Payment Method: Electronic bank transfers are the most common method for salary disbursement in Bahrain.
  • Salary Calculation: Salaries typically include base pay, allowances (if applicable), and overtime pay (if applicable).
  • Payroll Taxes and Social Security: Employers are responsible for withholding and remitting payroll taxes and social security contributions on behalf of their employees.
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