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Tax Obligations Detailed

Discover employer and employee tax responsibilities in Algeria

Employer tax responsibilities

In Algeria, employers shoulder a significant portion of payroll-related taxes and contributions. These are divided into two main categories: Social Security Contributions and Other Payroll Taxes.

Social Security Contributions

Employers in Algeria are required to contribute 26% of an employee's gross salary toward social security. This contribution covers various benefits such as retirement, healthcare/illness, unemployment benefits, and work-related accident coverage.

In addition to this, employers are also tasked with withholding the employee's portion of social security contributions, which is 9% of the gross salary. They are then responsible for remitting the total amount, which includes both the employer and employee portions, to the appropriate authorities.

Other Payroll Taxes

Apart from social security contributions, employers also need to pay other payroll taxes. These include the Professional Training Tax and the Apprenticeship Tax, both of which require employers to contribute 1% of the gross payroll. The Professional Training Tax is used to fund professional training programs, while the Apprenticeship Tax supports apprenticeship initiatives.

Reporting Obligations

Employers are required to file regular reports with tax authorities, detailing salaries and the corresponding taxes/contributions. This information is crucial for tracking and administering social security and other employment-related benefits.

Due to the potential complexity of Algerian payroll taxes, it's advisable for employers to consult with experienced tax advisors or payroll service providers. This ensures full compliance and helps avoid any penalties.

Employee tax deductions

In Algeria, a progressive income tax system is employed, meaning that higher-income earners pay proportionally more in taxes. The income tax is calculated on a broad range of income sources, including salary, bonuses, business profits, capital gains, dividends, interest, and rental income. The specific tax rates and brackets are periodically updated.

Deductions and Exemptions

There are some allowable deductions and exemptions that can reduce your tax burden. These may include certain charitable contributions or qualifying dependents.

Social Security Contributions

Social security contributions are mandatory and provide coverage for various benefits like retirement, illness, unemployment, and work-related accidents. Employees contribute a portion of their gross salary, currently at 9%.

Withholding Tax

Withholding tax applies to dividends, interest, and royalties paid to non-resident entities or individuals. Dividends are typically subject to a 15% withholding tax, interest payments have a 10% withholding tax, and royalty payments are subject to a 24% withholding tax. These rates may be reduced by tax treaties.

Other Taxes

Property taxes can apply, and rates might vary depending on the type and location of the property.

Important Notes

Tax regulations in Algeria can be subject to change. Always confirm the most up-to-date information and rates with the Algerian tax authorities or a qualified tax professional.


In Algeria, VAT generally applies to all services supplied for consideration within the Algerian territory. However, a limited range of services are specifically exempted from VAT, such as healthcare, education, and some financial services.

VAT Rates

Algeria uses a tiered VAT system. The majority of services are subject to the standard 19% VAT rate. A reduced 9% rate applies to certain services designated as having social or economic importance. These are specifically listed in Article 23 of the Turnover Tax Code and may include some transportation, construction, or tourism-related services.

VAT Registration and Compliance

In Algeria, there is no VAT registration threshold. All businesses supplying taxable services in Algeria are generally liable for VAT registration. VAT returns must be filed on a monthly basis, with payments due by the 20th of the following month.

VAT on Imported Services

Algeria uses a 'reverse charge' mechanism for imported services. This means the Algerian recipient of the service is responsible for accounting for and paying VAT on the import, rather than the foreign service provider.

VAT on Exported Services

Services exported from Algeria are typically zero-rated for VAT purposes. This means no VAT is charged on the exported service, and the exporter may be eligible to claim back VAT incurred on inputs related to the export.

Tax incentives

Algeria offers a variety of tax incentives to stimulate investment and development across different economic sectors. Some of the key incentives include:

Reduced Corporate Income Tax (CIT) Rate

Manufacturing activities are eligible for a reduced CIT rate of 19%, compared to the standard rate of 26%.

Investment Incentives

The Algerian National Agency for Investment Development (ANDI) provides incentives for new investments. These incentives can last between 3 to 10 years, depending on the nature and scale of the project.

Incentives for Specific Geographic Zones

Investments in certain underdeveloped geographic zones can benefit from additional tax reductions, exemptions, and incentives.

Start-up Incentives

Start-up companies are exempt from CIT, business tax (TPA), customs duties, and VAT to encourage youth investment.

Sector-Specific Incentives

Agriculture and Fishing

Companies actively engaged in fishing and aquaculture activities are permanently exempt from corporate income tax.

Renewable Energy

Businesses involved in renewable energy production can avail of tax incentives and preferential tariffs.

Research and Development (R&D)

R&D related expenses in Algeria are deductible from taxable profits up to 30%, with a cap of approximately $1,474,904.000 (DZD200,000,000).

Reinvestment Incentives

Reduced CIT for Reinvestment

Manufacturing companies that reinvest profits during the same fiscal year are eligible for a reduced CIT rate of 10%.

Reinvestment Options

Allowable reinvestments include the purchase of production equipment, the acquisition of production companies (shares or similar securities), investments in start-ups or incubators, or the acquisition of tangible/intangible assets.

Important Considerations


Ensure your business meets the specific eligibility requirements for each tax incentive.

Application Process

Familiarize yourself with the ANDI application process or the processes relevant to specific incentives.

Regular Updates

Tax laws and incentive schemes might change, so stay updated on the latest developments.

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