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Aland Islands

Tax Obligations Detailed

Discover employer and employee tax responsibilities in Aland Islands

Employer tax responsibilities

Employers in the Aland Islands have several tax responsibilities. These include social security contributions, payroll tax, calculation of employer contributions, payment deadlines and procedures, reporting requirements, and additional considerations.

Social Security Contributions

Employers must contribute to the social security system on behalf of their employees. These contributions cover pensions, healthcare, unemployment benefits, and other social programs.

Payroll Tax

Employers might be liable for a payroll tax based on the total salary they pay out. The specifics and rates for this tax may vary, so it's important to consult the Åland Tax Administration for up-to-date information.

Calculation of Employer Contributions

Employer contributions are generally calculated as a percentage of an employee's gross salary. The exact percentages for each type of contribution can be found on the Åland Tax Administration website.

Payment Deadlines and Procedures

Employers are responsible for withholding the employee portion of taxes, along with making their own employer contributions. These must be submitted to the Aland Tax Administration on specific deadlines. Failure to pay on time may result in penalties and interest charges. Payments are usually made electronically through the Aland Tax Administration's online portal or by direct bank transfer.

Reporting Requirements

Employers are required to file regular reports with the Åland Tax Administration detailing their payroll activities. These reports typically include total salaries paid, taxes withheld, and employer contributions made.

Additional Considerations

If you provide employees with fringe benefits (e.g., company cars, meal allowances), these may be subject to additional taxes and contributions. Special tax rules might apply for employees working in the Aland Islands from a foreign country.

Employee tax deductions

Employees in the Aland Islands are subject to several types of tax deductions. These include income tax, social security contributions, municipal tax, and an optional church tax. The income tax system is progressive, meaning higher earners pay a higher percentage in tax.

Social Security Contributions

Employees also contribute to social security programs through deductions from their wages. These contributions fund healthcare, pensions, unemployment benefits, and other social welfare schemes.

Municipal Tax

Aland Island residents pay an additional municipal tax, contributing to local services and infrastructure.

Church Tax

Church tax is an optional deduction for those who are members of an officially recognized religious community.

Specific Deductions for Aland Island Residents

Aland Island residents are eligible for certain deductions from their taxable income for municipal taxation purposes. These include:

  • Medical Expenses Deduction: Covers eligible medical costs for you and your family.
  • Study Deduction: For qualified education expenses.
  • Student Loan Interest Deduction: For interest paid on qualifying student loans.
  • Rental Expenses for a Second Home for Work: If you need to maintain a second residence on the Aland Islands due to your employment.

How to Claim Deductions

There are a couple of ways to claim your eligible deductions:

  • Through your Tax Return: Claim them when you file your annual tax return using the Ålandsbilaga tax return form or the online service on the Tax Administration website.
  • Pre-Completed Tax Return: Some deductions may be automatically included in your pre-completed tax return.


The Aland Islands, despite being part of the European Union, are outside the EU VAT area. This unique status significantly impacts the application of VAT to services, contingent on the location of service provision and the customer's location.

Services Provided Within the Aland Islands

When services are provided within the Aland Islands to customers based in the Aland Islands, they are generally subject to Aland Islands VAT. However, services provided within the Aland Islands to customers located outside the islands are typically considered exports and are not subject to Aland Islands VAT.

Services Provided Outside the Aland Islands

Services provided from outside the Aland Islands to Aland Islands-based customers are treated as imports, with Aland Island customers potentially responsible for paying import VAT. Conversely, services delivered from a location outside the Aland Islands to customers outside the Aland Islands are generally not subject to Aland Islands VAT.

Specific VAT Scenarios for Services

Special rules apply for VAT on telecommunications, broadcasting, and electronic services. The place of taxation is usually based on where the customer is established, not where the supplier is located. Additionally, passenger transport services between the Aland Islands and mainland Finland are subject to VAT.

VAT Registration and Reporting

Businesses based in the Aland Islands providing taxable services may need to register for VAT with the Aland Tax Administration. Similarly, businesses based outside the Aland Islands providing services to Aland Islands customers might be liable to register for VAT under certain circumstances.

Tax incentives

Tax incentives in the Aland Islands can be categorized into four main areas: corporate income tax incentives, investment and innovation incentives, employment-related incentives, and other potential incentives.

Corporate Income Tax Incentives

  • Reduced Corporate Tax Rate: The Aland Islands may offer a competitive corporate income tax rate compared to mainland Finland.
  • Tonnage Tax Regime: Shipping companies operating eligible vessels might be able to opt for a special tonnage tax regime, where taxation is based on the ship's tonnage rather than regular corporate profits.

Investment and Innovation Incentives

  • Regional Development Aid: The Aland Islands may offer regional development aid for businesses investing in certain sectors or regions. This aid can come in the form of grants, loans, or tax breaks.
  • Research and Development (R&D) Tax Credits: Businesses engaged in eligible R&D activities could benefit from tax credits designed to encourage innovation.

Other Potential Incentives

  • Tax Exemptions for Specific Activities: Certain business activities, such as those related to environmental protection or renewable energy, might qualify for tax exemptions.
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