Rivermate | Product owner - Andrew Simon

Global Work Glossary

What is IRS Form 1099-NEC and when is it used?

Form 1099-NEC is crucial for reporting payments to non-employees, such as independent contractors. Here's an overview of its key aspects:

Who Uses Form 1099-NEC?

Businesses use Form 1099-NEC to report payments exceeding $600 made to non-employees, including independent contractors and freelancers. It's akin to the W-2 form for employees.

Reporting Requirements

Form 1099-NEC is filed at the beginning of each year for payments made in the prior calendar year. It replaces the previous use of Box 7 on Form 1099-MISC for reporting non-employee compensation.

Exceptions and Errors

Businesses should avoid filing Form 1099-NEC for payments to C corporations, S corporations, employees, or personal expenses. Filing errors can lead to misclassification and penalties.

Filling Out Form 1099-NEC

To complete Form 1099-NEC, businesses need personal details from the contractor, obtained via a Form W-9. Information is then filled out on two copies—Copy A for the IRS and Copy B for the contractor.

Filing Procedures

Businesses file Copy A with the IRS and provide Copy B to the contractor. Online filing is an option via the IRS FIRE system, while paper filing requires special scannable templates from the IRS.

Deadline and Penalties

The deadline for filing Form 1099-NEC is January 31st. Late filing may result in penalties ranging from $50 to $270 per form. Extensions can be requested using Form 8809.

Reporting and Taxation

Recipients of Form 1099-NEC must report the income on their tax returns, even if a physical form is not received. Income is generally recorded on Schedule C for sole proprietors or Schedule K-1 for partnerships.

Comparison with Form 1099-MISC

Form 1099-NEC replaces Box 7 on Form 1099-MISC for reporting non-employee compensation. Other income types continue to be reported on Form 1099-MISC.

Further Information

For more insights into Form 1099-MISC and its usage, readers can explore additional resources. Understanding the distinctions between the two forms is essential for accurate reporting and compliance.

Rivermate | A 3d rendering of earth

Hire your employees globally with confidence

We're here to help you on your global hiring journey.