Rivermate | Product owner - Andrew Simon

Global Work Glossary

What is involved in gross-to-net (GTN) calculations?

Gross-to-net (GTN) calculations in payroll are essential for determining an employee's net income after deducting taxes, insurance premiums, retirement contributions, and other withholdings from their total earnings. This process provides clarity regarding the actual take-home pay received by an employee.

Why Gross-to-Net Matters:

These calculations are crucial for both employers and employees. For employers, it ensures accurate payment to employees while complying with state and federal regulations, reducing the risk of penalties. It also aids in budgeting and financial planning. For employees, understanding deductions helps in effective income budgeting, ensuring fair pay and error-free paychecks.

Common Gross-to-Net Deductions in the US:

Federal Income Tax: Withheld based on income level, filing status, and dependents, to be paid to the IRS by the employer. State Income Tax: Varies by location, similar to federal tax, deducted by the employer. FICA (Social Security and Medicare): Deducted to fund social security and Medicare benefits, paid by both employer and employee. Health Insurance Premiums: Voluntary deductions to cover health insurance costs, contributing to employee healthcare. Retirement Contributions: Employee contributions to retirement plans, often matched by the employer. Union Dues: Contributions to fund union activities, varying by union and collective bargaining agreements. Wage Garnishments: Court-ordered deductions to pay off debts, such as child support or back taxes.

How to Calculate Gross-to-Net:

The calculation involves subtracting all deductions and taxes from an employee's gross pay. For instance, if a salaried employee with a gross pay of $2,500 bi-weekly has $400 federal income tax, $100 local taxes, $150 FICA tax, and $50 health insurance premiums deducted, totaling $700, their net pay would be $1,800 ($2,500 - $700).

Rivermate | A 3d rendering of earth

Hire your employees globally with confidence

We're here to help you on your global hiring journey.