Moroccan labor laws are modeled after the laws and conventions of the International Labor Organization.
The Labor Code and industry-wide collective bargaining agreements govern employment relations.
Morocco's new trends include: Labor inspectors' role during dismissal is limited, and severance pay calculations are better defined.
Dahir 1-03-194 of 11 September 2003 promulgating Labor Code Law 65-99; and Decree 2-91-517 of 5 April 1993 adopted for the enactment of Dahir Law 1-93-16 of 23 March 1993 setting out incentives for companies organizing professional integration training courses.
The code of obligations and contracts is established by royal decree.
Salaries and Wages
- There is no legalized norm for wages and salaries except minimum wages. Hence employers and employees are free to negotiate and enter into a contract.
- The contracts should be according to the model given by the Ministry of Labor.
- Employees have the right to periodic increases in their wages and salaries
- The payment needs to be made in Moroccan currency, twice a month
Maximum working hours are as follows:
- For agriculture: 2,496 hours per year
- For non-agriculture: 10 hours per day, 44 hours per week, or 2,288 hours per year
- Overtime: 2 hours per day and 80 hours per year
- Most companies operate six days a week
Health and Safety
- Provision of medical services is mandatory for firms with more than 50 employees.
- Standard safety rules need to be observed
- Employees are entitled to one and half days of leave every month
- Employees receive sick leave after the fourth day of illness
- Females receive 14 weeks of fully paid maternity leave
- Paid paternity leave is three days
- Dismissal of workers may occur for several reasons viz downsizing, incapacity or inefficiency, or as a disciplinary measure due to a serious offense.
- Except in the case of a severe offense, the worker is entitled to one month’s notice.
- Such a dismissed worker is entitled after a year's service to compensation proportionate to the length of his service with the firm.