Ireland is one of the world's richest nations. The main industries in the nation are related to the use of natural resources present in Ireland. Fishing, mining, agriculture, and forestry are some of the country's key core businesses. Despite the fact that the nation possesses vast agricultural areas, the agro-sector accounts for just approximately 0.9% of GDP. The primary mining elements are lead, alumina, and zinc. Gold, copper, gypsum, and limestone are among the other minerals. Ireland is Europe's greatest zinc producer and the second-largest lead producer. The Irish coastline was formerly rich in fisheries resources, but overfishing has depleted them, causing the fishing businesses to convert to aquaculture. Natural gas extraction is another big industry in Ireland.
Another important business in Ireland is the pharmaceutical and medical industry. There are around 100 enterprises active in the production of pharmaceuticals and research. This industry now generates a significant amount of employment and export value.
The country's IT sector is expanding. Many large corporations have established themselves in the nation, providing massive employment and billions of euros. The nation boasts roughly 200 enterprises, including some of the world's largest ICT companies, such as Facebook, Apple, Microsoft, PayPal, Amazon, Twitter, and LinkedIn.
Ireland has one of the most developed financial service industries, supporting over 35,000 people and producing over 2 billion euros in tax revenue. Ireland's financial services industry stagnated during the 2008 financial crisis, but it has already surpassed that period and is on the right track.
Trade and export are very important to the Irish economy. Ireland has created a reputation for itself in the commercial world, particularly in Europe, through exporting manufactured goods, IT goods, services, and minerals.