We're sorry for the inconvenience...
Yemen, formally the Republic of Yemen, is a nation in Western Asia on the Arabian Peninsula's southern tip. It has maritime boundaries with Eritrea, Djibouti, and Somalia, as well as Saudi Arabia to the north and Oman to the northeast. It is the peninsula's second-largest Arab sovereign state, covering 555,000 square kilometers (214,000 square miles). The shoreline runs for almost 2,000 kilometers (1,200 miles). Sanaa is Yemen's legally declared capital and biggest city. The country's population is expected to reach 30,491,000 by 2021.
Yemen was formerly the home of the Sabaeans, a historic trade kingdom that comprised portions of modern-day Ethiopia and Eritrea. Later, about 275 CE, Judaism affected the Himyarite Kingdom. The fourth century saw the arrival of Christianity. In the seventh century, Islam expanded fast, and Yemenite armies were vital in the early Islamic victories. Several dynasties arose from the 9th through 16th century, including the Rasulid dynasty. In the 1800s, the nation was split between the Ottoman and British empires. Yemen's Zaydi Mutawakkilite Kingdom was created after World War I, prior to the establishment of the Yemen Arab Republic in 1962. South Yemen was a British protectorate known as the Aden Protectorate until 1967, when it gained independence and eventually became a Marxist-Leninist state. In 1990, the two Yemeni republics merged to establish the present Republic of Yemen (al-Jumhryah al-Yamanyah). President Ali Abdullah Saleh served as the nascent republic's first president until his resignation in 2012, after the Arab Spring.
Yemen has been in a political crisis since 2011, beginning with public demonstrations over poverty, unemployment, and corruption, as well as President Saleh's proposal to rewrite Yemen's constitution and erase the presidential term limit. President Saleh resigned, and the presidency was handed over to Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi. Since then, Yemen has been embroiled in a civil war (along with a Saudi-led military intervention aimed at restoring Hadi's government), with several proto-state entities claiming to govern the country: the Cabinet of Yemen/Presidential Leadership Council, the Supreme Political Council, and the Southern Transitional Council. Since January 2016, at least 56,000 civilians and combatants have been murdered in Yemen as a result of armed conflict. The conflict has caused a famine that has affected 17 million people. The lack of clean drinking water, caused by depleted aquifers and the devastation of the country's water infrastructure, has also resulted in the greatest and fastest-spreading cholera epidemic in modern history, with 994,751 probable cases. Since the epidemic started spreading fast at the end of April 2017, over 2,226 individuals have perished. The continuous humanitarian crisis and fighting have drawn global condemnation for having a severe increasing impact on Yemen's humanitarian condition, which some claim has reached the level of a "humanitarian catastrophe," and others have even labeled it genocide. It has exacerbated the country's already precarious human rights status.
Yemen is an Arab League, United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement, and Organization of Islamic Cooperation member. It is classified as a least developed nation due to its multiple "severe structural barriers to sustainable development." According to the United Nations, Yemen has the most people in need of humanitarian help, with around 24 million people, or 85 percent of its population, in need. As of 2020, the nation ranks first in the Fragile State Index, second in the Global Hunger Index (surpassed only by the Central African Republic), and has the lowest Human Development Index of any non-African country.
When a worker's contract is terminated, the employer shall present the worker with a free certificate of severance showing the date of his entry into service, the date of his termination, the type of his job, and the amount of his remuneration. If the employment contract is canceled prior to the expiration of its set term while discussions to renew or extend it are ongoing, the contract must remain effective for a maximum period of three months during such negotiations. If the negotiations fail to generate results ensuring the contract's continuation within the specified period, the contract shall be regarded terminated.
The notice period specified in paragraph 1 of this article is calculated as follows: 30 days for employees paid on a monthly basis; 15 days for employees paid on a half-monthly basis; and one week for employees paid on a production or piecework basis, or on hourly, daily, or weekly rates.
When a worker signs an employment contract, he or she may be subject to a probationary period of up to six months with the same employer, as specified in the contract. It is prohibited to hire a probationary employee more than once for the same job.
Where a worker is not covered by the Social Insurance Act or by any special regulations implementing the preceding paragraph, he is entitled to receive severance pay from his employer equal to at least one month's wages for each year of service. Severance pay shall be calculated on the basis of the worker's last wage received.
Hours of official work shall not exceed eight hours per day or forty-eight hours per week. Weekly hours of work shall be spread across six working days, followed by one paid day of rest. During the month of Ramadhan, official working hours shall not exceed six hours per day or 36 hours per week.
The Minister may reduce official working hours in certain occupations, jobs, and industries where working conditions are hazardous to health. After consultation with all parties involved, including representatives of workers and employers, such order shall specify the said occupations and jobs, as well as the reduced hours.
Official working hours shall be interrupted by one or more periods of not more than one hour each for rest, prayer, and meal. Such rest period(s) shall be determined in such a way that no continuous period of work exceeds five hours. Such period(s) shall not be included in the calculation of working time.
On normal working days, overtime pay shall be one and a half hours' basic wage per hour worked; and two hours' basic wage per hour worked at night, on the weekly rest day, and on official holidays and leave, in addition to the standard wage for such holidays.
Yemen's minimum civil service wage is 21,000 rials per month.
Mandatory benefits postulated by law include a probationary period, pay on annual leaves, public holidays, sick leaves, maternity leave, paternity leave, and overtime pay. Statutory benefits also include social security benefits.
Companies in Yemen are subject to a corporate income tax rate of 20 percent.
The personal income tax rate imposed on Yemen citizens ranges from 10 percent to 15 percent. The exact percentage varies depending on the income bracket the taxpayer belongs to.
The standard Value-Added Tax rate imposed in Yemen is 2 percent.
Yemen visa policy is a collection of policies and laws governing immigration and travel documentation. With this Yemen visa, you may proceed with your previously planned travel to Yemen. Foreign citizens may go to China with visas (for tourism, business, cultural activities, etc.). The most popular form of visa for tourists visiting Yemen is visa-on-arrival (e-VOA), unless they come from a nation exempt from visa restrictions or can acquire a Yemen visa-free visa.
Depending on their nationality, twelve nations are eligible for visa-free entrance into Yemen for 90 days within 180 days. Visas on arrival are available to citizens of nine countries. The remainder of the group must get a Yemeni eVisa before entering the country.
A Yemen Tourist Visa is an admission ticket that is valid for an individual, a group of foreign nationals, as well as their families and friends, visiting Yemen. If you are an Afghan or Bangladeshi citizen residing in a country other than Yemen, you should seek visa information from the Yemeni Embassy/Consulate there.
Residents of Colombia, Iraq, Yemen, Pakistan, and Somalia may apply for visas online via authorized travel agents. Finally, Canadian, British, and American nationals may only visit Yemen with approved visas acquired via authorized travel firms, and they need more permissions than other citizens.
There is currently no information regarding employment contracts in Yemen.
There is no set length for assignments. This is usually indicated in the employment contract for fixed-term employments.