Western Sahara

Employer of Record in Western Sahara

Only 499 EUR per employee per month

We currently do not offer any services in this country.
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Rivermate's Employer of Record (EOR) solution helps companies hire remote employees in Western Sahara . We take care of global payroll, taxes, benefits, compliance and HR activities. So you can focus on growing your business. Our Employer of Record (EOR) solution is beneficial to companies that want to hire remote employees in a breeze. On this page you will find employment information for Western Sahara.

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Laayoune / El Aaiun
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1. Grow your team in Western Sahara with Rivermate as your Employer of Record (EOR) / PEO

Payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance can be difficult to manage in Western Sahara , particularly if you don't have established local relationships. You can hire employees in Western Sahara effectively, conveniently, and in full compliance with all relevant labor laws using Rivermate's global Employer of Record (EOR) solution. We handle the responsibilities and legal risks associated with foreign employment so you can concentrate on growing your company.

2. Summary

Western Sahara is a contested area on North and West Africa's northwest coast and in the Maghreb region. The self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) controls around 20% of the region, while neighboring Morocco occupies and administers the remaining 80%. It has a surface area of 266,000 square kilometers (103,000 sq mi). It is one of the world's least inhabited areas, consisting mostly of arid flatlands. The population is believed to be somewhat more than 500,000, with almost 40% residing in Laayoune, Western Sahara's main city.

Western Sahara, which was occupied by Spain until 1975, has been on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories since 1963, after a Moroccan demand. It is the most populated and by far the biggest territory on the list. The United Nations General Assembly passed its first resolution on Western Sahara in 1965, requesting that Spain decolonize the area. One year later, the General Assembly voted a second resolution demanding that Spain hold a referendum on self-determination. Spain handed up administrative authority of the area to a combined administration of Morocco (which had technically claimed the territory since 1957) and Mauritania in 1975. A conflict broke out between those nations and the Polisario Front, a Sahrawi nationalist organization that declared the SADR and established an exile government in Tindouf, Algeria. Mauritania renounced its claims in 1979, and Morocco finally gained de facto control of the vast majority of the area, including all major towns and the vast majority of natural resources. The Polisario Front is recognized by the UN as the legal representation of the Sahrawi people, and the Sahrawis have the right to self-determination.

Since a United Nations-sponsored cease-fire agreement in 1991, two-thirds of the territory (including most of the Atlantic coastline‚ÄĒthe only part of the coast outside the Moroccan Western Sahara Wall is the extreme south, including the Ras Nouadhibou peninsula) has been administered by the Moroccan government, with tacit support from France and the United States, and the remainder by the SADR, with Algeria's backing. Internationally, governments like as Russia have adopted an ambiguous and neutral stance on each side's claims, urging both sides to reach an agreement on a peaceful conclusion. Both Morocco and Polisario have tried to strengthen their claims by gaining official recognition, particularly from African, Asian, and Latin American developing-world governments. The Polisario Front has received official recognition from 46 governments and has been granted membership in the African Union. Morocco has received backing for its stance from various African states, as well as the majority of the Muslim world and the Arab League. Recognitions have been extended and withdrawn in both cases throughout the last two decades, depending on the evolution of ties with Morocco.

Until 2020, no other UN member state has ever formally acknowledged Moroccan sovereignty over portions of Western Sahara. In return for Moroccan rehabilitation of ties with Israel, the US acknowledged Moroccan sovereignty over Western Sahara in 2020.

The Organization of African Unity, the African Union's precursor, recognized the SADR as a full member in 1984, with the same status as Morocco, and Morocco objected by suspending its membership in the OAU. Morocco was readmitted to the African Union on January 30, 2017, after assuring that the competing claims between Morocco and the SADR would be resolved amicably and halting the expansion of its exclusive military rule via the construction of further barriers. The African Union has not published an official declaration concerning the boundary between Morocco's sovereign regions and the SADR in Western Sahara until their war is ended. Instead, the African Union joins the UN mission to sustain the cease-fire and achieve a peace accord between its two members. The African Union contributes a peacekeeping component to the UN mission, which is stationed at the "de facto" boundary of Moroccan barriers inside Western Sahara.

Hiring talented employees in a short span is not an easy task. Partnering with an Employer of Record (EOR) like Rivermate in Western Sahara is your best option, giving your organization enough time to focus on other aspects of international expansions like project management and inventory management. The EOR takes care of all the compliance and legal issues while helping you speed up hiring using their knowledge of domestic employment practices and virtual onboarding tools. Top EORs also have provisions for the e-signing of documents to enable faster onboarding.

3. Public holidays

4. Types of leave

There is no information about the types of leave for this country.

Paid time off

Public holidays

Sick days

Maternity leave

Paternity leave

Parental leave

Other leave

5. Employment termination

There is no information about employment information for this country.

Termination process

Notice period

Probation period

Severance pay

6. Working hours

There is no information about the working hours for this country.

General working schedule


7. Minimum wage

There is no information about the minimum wage for this country.

Salaries in Western Sahara range from 2,620 MAD per month to 46,300 MAD per month.

8. Employee benefits

There is no information about the employee benefits for this country.

Mandatory benefits postulated by law include a probationary period, pay on annual leaves, public holidays, sick leaves, maternity leave, paternity leave, and overtime pay. Statutory benefits also include social security benefits.

9. Taxes

There is no information about the taxes for this country.

Corporate tax

There is currently no information on the taxation in Western Sahara

Individual income tax

There is currently no information on the taxation in Western Sahara

VAT, GST and sales tax

There is currently no information on the taxation in Western Sahara

10. VISA and work permits

There is no information about VISA and work permits for this country.

Before you plan a trip to Western Sahara, you should find out whether you require a visa. While Morocco controls the bulk of Western Sahara, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic controls one section, which is normally off-limits to outsiders.

Because Morocco controls the majority of Western Sahara, you should look at Morocco's via policy. Citizens of 69 nations, according to the guidelines, may enter Western Sahara and remain for up to 90 days with just a valid passport. There are a few exceptions: inhabitants of Hong Kong and Singapore may only stay in Western Sahara for 30 days, and nationals of the Republic of Congo, Guinea, and Mali must must get an Electronic Travel Authorization (ETA) from November 1, 2018. Aside from that, regular visa regulations apply.

If your place of origin is not included among the 69 visa-exempt nations, your sole choice is to apply for a visa at the closest Moroccan diplomatic mission or embassy. The procedure is rather simple. You should contact the embassy/diplomatic mission first to inquire about the criteria, then assemble everything you need to submit your application in person.

It is important to note that you must always have your passport with you while traveling in Western Sahara. Your passport will be examined at various checkpoints. You will not be given a stamp or anything of the type since it is only a security precaution. Nobody can enter Western Sahara unless they have a valid passport.

11. Employer Of Record service terms

There is no information about the Employer of Record (EoR) service terms for this country.

Employment contracts

In Morocco, it is legally obligatory to have a written employment contract in the local language that specifies out the conditions of the employee's remuneration, benefits, and termination requirements. In Morocco, an offer letter and employment contract should always include the salary and any compensation amounts in Moroccan dirams rather than foreign money.

With Rivermate being your Employer of Record (EoR) in Western Sahara, you do not have to worry about the employment contracts, as we take care of that.

Minimum assignment length

In Morocco, there are three forms of employment contracts: fixed term, indefinite duration, and job completion. Definite-term contracts have an expiry date of 12 months (one year) and may only be renewed once, but indefinite-term contracts do not have an end date. If an employee continues to work for the company after the fixed-term contract expires, the fixed-term contract immediately becomes an indefinite-term contract.

For indefinite-term contracts, the probation period for managers cannot exceed three months, a month and a half for office staff, and 15 days for on-site laborers. The trial period for definite-term contracts of less than six months is one day every week, and it is 30 days for contracts of more than six months. The probation term may only be extended once.

The employer is needed to obtain and renew an employment card for the employee from the Labour office on a yearly basis. When employing more over 50 people, they must additionally set up an internal medical first aid center staffed by a doctor.

In Morocco, 26 days or 191 hours of labour is considered one complete month of employment.

Payment currency

Moroccan Dirham

13.Opening a subsidiary in Western Sahara

There is no information about the working hours for this country.

How to set up a subsidiary

Subsidiary laws

13. Why choose Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO in Western Sahara

Establishing an entity in Western Sahara to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in Western Sahara has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into Western Sahara simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record (EOR) solutions in Western Sahara give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business. Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in Western Sahara via our Employer of Record (EOR) / PEO solution.

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