4. Types of leave

There is no information about the types of leave for this country.
Learn more about types of leave >

Paid time off

After one year of service, employees are entitled to at least 21 days of vacation per year. After the first five years, the leave increases by two days, then another two days after the next five years, and three days after the next five years. The annual leave is 30 days in the case of dangerous work. Days of annual leave are calculated pro-rata to the employee's hours and wage for part-time work.

Employees can also take time off for a wedding, the wedding of a child, a death in the family, or to perform official or public duties. Female employees who are widowed or divorced are also given time off. Employees are allowed to take unpaid leave for serious personal reasons or for a one-time religious pilgrimage.

Public holidays

New Year’s Day

Iraqi Army Day

Festival of Spring (Nowruz)

Sovereignty Day

Labor Day

Eid AI-Fitr

Republic Day

Eid AI-Adha

Islamic New Year

Ashura

Mawlid Al-Nabi

In Kurdistan, they recognize:

Uprising Day

Liberation of Erbil City

Mustafa Barzani’s Birthday

Kurdish New Year

Baghdad Liberation Day

Christmas Day

Sick days

To be covered by the Pension and Social Security Fund, an employee must be sick for more than eight days and have a doctor's note. Each year of employment entitles the employee to 30 days of sick leave, up to a total of 180 days. If an insured employee uses up all of their paid sick leave and remains sick for more than 30 days, the Pension and Social Security Fund will reimburse the employer for wages paid after the 30-day period, as long as the diagnosis is documented by a medical certificate.

Maternity leave

Employees who are female are entitled to 14 weeks of paid maternity leave. Due to complications or multiple births, leave can be extended for up to nine months. A medical note from a competent authority is required for this. Employees who have a child under the age of one year can take up to 12 months of unpaid leave to care for them. The employment contract is considered suspended in such cases.

Paternity leave

To be covered by the Pension and Social Security Fund, an employee must be sick for more than eight days and have a doctor's note. Each year of employment entitles the employee to 30 days of sick leave, up to a total of 180 days. If an insured employee uses up all of their paid sick leave and remains sick for more than 30 days, the Pension and Social Security Fund will reimburse the employer for wages paid after the 30-day period, as long as the diagnosis is documented by a medical certificate.

Parental leave

Other than the already mentioned terms regarding maternity and paternity leaves in Iraq, there are no other provisions in the law regarding parental leave.

Other leave

5. Employment termination

There is no information about employment information for this country.

Termination process

A contract may be terminated by either the employer or the employee. However, in Iraq, there are two types of terminations: automatic and manual. An employment contract will automatically terminate in certain circumstances, including the death of an employee or employer, the liquidation of the firm, or the expiration of a fixed-term contract.

Employment contracts can be manually terminated in a variety of circumstances, including when both parties agree in writing to terminate the contract, the employee becomes ill and is unable to work for more than six months, the employee reaches retirement age, or the employee violates contractual obligations.

Notice period

Employers must provide employees at least 30 days' notice in writing and pay an end-of-service gratuity that ranges from two to twenty weeks' worth of service, depending on the length of employment.

Discrimination, medical leave, submitting a complaint, or membership to a trade union are all grounds for dismissal. Employees are free to resign at any moment as long as they provide the employer at least 30 days' notice. If an employee leaves without notice or before the end of the notice term stipulated in the contract, they must pay the employer a monetary equivalent of the notice period's fraction.

Probation period

Employers have the right under the Labor Law to hire employees on a probationary basis for up to three months.

Severance pay

In general, any employee whose service is terminated is entitled to an end of service gratuity equal to two weeks' pay for each year of service, except in the following circumstances: the employee is sentenced to more than one year in prison by a final court judgment; the employee assumes a false identity or submits forged documents; the employee violates his or her contractual obligations; or the employee commits a serious error that results in material damage to the work, workers, or production.

6. Working hours

There is no information about the working hours for this country.

General working schedule

The typical workday is eight hours long and 48 hours long per week. Each employee is entitled to 24 consecutive hours of rest, which are typically scheduled on Fridays.

Employers with more than one female employee are required to maintain a copy of the provisions governing female worker protection on the job, in addition to establishing a nursery at their expense or in collaboration with other employers.

Overtime

Overtime is generally limited to four hours per day, eight hours per week, forty hours every ninety days, and 120 hours per year. The wage must be increased by 50% during the workday and 100% during the evenings and holidays.

7. Minimum wage

There is no information about the working hours for this country.

The country's minimum wage is currently 350,000 Iraqi dinars (IQD) per month.

8. Employee benefits

There is no information about the working hours for this country.

You and your employees are both required to contribute to a social security system that includes health insurance and sick leave. Employees who use their sick leave for more than 30 days are covered by their insurance provider.

Any additional employment benefits, such as housing, car allowances, and meals, are typically determined by your company. Because the government does not regulate these benefits, you are free to offer whatever benefits and bonuses you see fit in order to attract top talent to your company.

9. Taxes

There is no information about the working hours for this country.

Corporate tax

Companies in Iraq are imposed a corporate tax rate of 15 percent.

Individual income tax

Individuals in Iraq are imposed a personal income tax rate that ranges from 3 percent to 15 percent. The actual percentage depends on the income bracket the individual belongs to.

VAT, GST and sales tax

The value-added tax (VAT) or goods and sales tax (GST) imposed in Iraq is anywhere between 0 and 300 percent.

10. VISA and work permits

There is no information about the working hours for this country.

Most nations' nationals, according to Iraqi legislation, need a visa to visit Iraq. Visitors from some nations, however, are granted a visa on arrival at specific airports, while others are barred from entering Iraq.

The Iraqi government eliminated pre-arrival visa restrictions for nationals of 37 countries on March 15, 2021, enabling people of those countries to apply for on-arrival visas at recognized land, sea, and air border crossings.

The Iraqi government has opened an e-visa website; however, it is unclear if all residents throughout the globe may apply; for the time being, only nationals of Germany, Turkey, and Egypt can apply.

11. Employer Of Record service terms

There is no information about the working hours for this country.

Employment contracts

Employment contracts must be drafted in Arabic — or Kurdish if done into in Kurdistan. Contracts must be in written and contain detailed details about salary and the nature of the employment. Salaries must be written in Iraqi dinars and paid in Iraqi dinars (IQD). Depending on your agreement, employment contracts may relate to either fixed or open employment terms.

Minimum assignment length

There is no set length for assignments. This is usually indicated in the employment contract for fixed-term employments.

Payment currency

Iraqi Dinar (IQD)

United States Dollar (USD)

13.Opening a subsidiary in Iraq

There is no information about the working hours for this country.

How to set up a subsidiary

Completing the subsidiary creation procedure requires a complicated balancing act of location, finance, skill, and time. Consider the optimal location for your expanding firm before establishing your subsidiary – rules and taxes may change if you are based in the Kurdish area.

Throughout the business registration procedure, as a noncitizen, you must strictly comply to the Iraqi Companies Law. It is critical that your company follows every stage of the legal process, since failure to do so might result in expensive fines and penalties.

If you want to form a nonresident-owned limited liability corporation (LLC), you must first:

1. Prepare your legal documentation, which should include articles of formation, bank references, a business seal, and a name reservation.

2. Register your limited liability company.

3. Make a deposit for your first financial investment.

4. Inform the tax authorities about your company.

5. Ensure that all workers are registered for social security.

6. This procedure usually takes at least 2,600,000 Iraqi dinars (IQD). The time frame establishing an LLC might vary from weeks to months for a joint-stock business.

Subsidiary laws

The subsidiary laws of the country offer a framework for foreign corporations wanting to establish a presence in the country. Depending on the extent of government engagement in your firm, you may function as a public, private, or mixed corporation. The majority of multinational enterprises prefer to form an LLC.

Companies establishing branch offices in-country are obliged to fulfill a minimum six-month contract with the federal government of Iraq, according to relatively new legislation. Businesses who are new to the nation and do not have this contract are increasingly opting to incorporate in order to set up a subsidiary.

13. Why choose Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO in Iraq

Establishing an entity in

Iraq

to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in

Iraq

has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into

Iraq

simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record solutions in

Iraq

give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business.

Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in

Iraq

via our Employer of Record / PEO solution.

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