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Cuba, formally the Republic of Cuba, is a nation that includes the island of Cuba, Isla de la Juventud, and many other archipelagos. Cuba is situated at the confluence of the northern Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Atlantic Ocean. Cuba is positioned east of Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula, south of Florida and the Bahamas, west of Hispaniola (Haiti/Dominican Republic), and north of Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. The biggest and capital city is Havana; other notable cities are Santiago de Cuba and Camagüey. The Republic of Cuba has an official land area of 109,884 km2 (42,426 sq mi) (without the territorial waters). With an area of 104,556 km2, Cuba's main island is the biggest in both Cuba and the Caribbean (40,369 sq mi). With approximately 11 million people, Cuba is the Caribbean's second-most populated nation after Haiti.
The Ciboney Tano people occupied what is now Cuba from the 4th millennium BC until the Spanish arrival in the 15th century. It was a Spanish colony from the 15th century until the Spanish–American War of 1898 when it was seized by the United States and obtained nominal independence as a de facto United States protectorate in 1902. Cuba sought to improve its democratic system as a shaky republic in 1940, but rising political radicalism and socioeconomic turmoil resulted in a coup and subsequent dictatorship under Fulgencio Batista in 1952. Under Batista's tenure, open corruption and persecution culminated to his ouster in January 1959 by the 26th of July Movement, which later established communist power under Fidel Castro's leadership. The Communist Party of Cuba has ruled the country since 1965. During the Cold War, the nation was a source of disagreement between the Soviet Union and the United States, and a nuclear war almost broke out during the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis. Cuba is one of the few remaining Marxist–Leninist socialist republics, with the vanguard Communist Party's position codified in the Constitution. Cuba was engaged in a wide variety of military and humanitarian initiatives across Africa and Asia under Castro.
Cuba is culturally associated with Latin America. It is a multiethnic nation whose people, culture, and traditions are influenced by a variety of factors, including the Tano Ciboney peoples, a lengthy era of Spanish colonization, the arrival of enslaved Africans, and a strong Cold War ties with the Soviet Union.
Cuba is a founding member of the United Nations, the Group of 77, the Non-Aligned Movement, ALBA, and the Organization of American States. It now boasts one of the world's few planned economies, with the tourist sector and exports of skilled labor, sugar, tobacco, and coffee dominating the economy. Cuba has long outperformed other nations in the area on numerous socioeconomic measures, including literacy, infant mortality, and life expectancy, both before and after the Communist administration.
Cuba has a single-party authoritarian state that forbids political opposition. Elections are held in Cuba, however, they are not considered democratic. Censorship of information (including internet access restrictions) is widespread in Cuba, and independent media is suppressed; Reporters Without Borders ranks Cuba as one of the world's worst nations for press freedom.
If the employee performs duties that are not authorized by the contract, the employment relationship may be terminated. In Cuba, employment contracts are classified as indefinite, temporary, or for the performance of a specified task. The final two pertain to new positions, substitutes, training, social services, and testing periods for new recruits that range from thirty to one hundred and eighty days, depending on the role provided. Neither party may end the employment relationship during this time period.
When a Cuban employee resigns from a long-term contract, he must provide the employer thirty days' notice, with fifteen days for interim contracts.
There is no statutory probation period in Cuba.
There is no statutory severance payment in Cuba.
Working hours in Cuba are generally limited to 44 hours in a week.
Cuba's minimum wage is different for different occupations. The average monthly minimum wage in Cuba is 225 Cuban pesos. The Cuban government supplements this minimum wage with free education, subsidized medical care (after the third day of a hospital stay, daily pay is reduced by 40%), housing, and some subsidized food.
Companies in Cuba are subject to a corporate tax rate of 30 percent.
Individuals in Cuba are imposed an income tax rate that ranges from 15 percent to 50 percent. The actual percentage varies depending on the income tax bracket the individual belongs to.
The value-added tax (VAT) and goods and sales tax (GST) in Cuba vary depending on the type of good or service provided. The highest rate is 20 percent while the lowest rate is 2.5 percent.
The Cuba visa policy explains all you need to know about visiting Cuba. You may need particular travel documentation before your journey depending on your nationality, the purpose of your trip, and the duration of your stay. Maybe your nation enjoys unrestricted access to Cuba, or maybe you need a visa to go there. All of this is feasible because of the Cuba visa policy.
In general, most nations need a Cuba Tourist Card before visiting to Cuba. This travel document is not a visa, yet it is required for admission onto the island. You may remain in Cuba for a limited amount of time and participate in tourist activities after you have obtained a Cuba Tourist Card. The Cuba Tourist Card is simple to get. Platforms are now selling it online, travel companies in your own country may sell it, and you can even get it via your airline or at the airport when you arrive. Only fill in the blanks with the information from your passport. This information will be verified by Cuban immigration.
Cuba, on the other hand, requires certain nations to get a visa before visiting the island. In this instance, you may need to gather documentation and make an appointment with a Cuban diplomatic post. You must visit the embassy or consulate in person to complete this process. If you plan to visit Cuba for business, medical treatment, or study, you will almost certainly need to apply for a consular visa.
The Cuba visa policy offers two options for your future travel to Cuba for tourist purposes. You may get a Cuba Tourist Card or apply for a tourist visa at a Cuban embassy or consulate.
The Cuba Tourist Card is similar to a visa waiver in that it allows you to visit Cuba for leisure purposes as long as you remain for a short amount of time. The Cuba Tourist Card is simple to get; there are several alternatives available online, or you may fill it out prior to your arrival. The Cuba Tourist Card comes in a variety of colors, depending on whether you are from the United States or not.
The consular visa application procedure is more difficult since you must visit a Cuban embassy or consulate. Before you begin the process, make sure you have all of the necessary papers.
In the United States, employment contracts might be verbal, written, or implicit. Contracts, on the other hand, should be in writing with the conditions clearly stated out to protect both the employer and the employee. In practice, the majority of contracts are in writing.
The following are examples of common employment contract terms:
Employer and employee names
The kind and scope of the service to be provided
Salary and payment intervals
Salary and payment intervals
Start and end dates (if for a fixed-term)
Benefits and leave entitlements
There is no set length for assignments. This is usually indicated in the employment contract for fixed-term employments.
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