American Samoa is a US unincorporated territory in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of the autonomous state of Samoa. Its coordinates are 14.3°S 170.7°W. It is located east of the International Date Line, whereas Samoa is located west of it. The overall land area is 199 square kilometers (76.8 square miles), which is somewhat larger than the size of Washington, D.C. American Samoa is the United States' southernmost territory and one of two US territories south of the Equator, along with uninhabited Jarvis Island. The major exports are tuna products, and the main commercial partner is the rest of the United States.
The territory of American Samoa is made up of five major islands and two coral atolls. Tutuila is the biggest and most populated island, and the territory also includes the Manua Islands, Rose Atoll, and Swains Island. Except for Swains Island, the Samoan Islands are located west of the Cook Islands, north of Tonga, and about 300 miles (500 km) south of Tokelau. The Wallis and Futuna Islands are located to the west. American Samoa has a population of around 46,366 people as of 2021. The majority of American Samoans are multilingual, speaking both English and Samoan proficiently.
Since 1983, American Samoa has been a member of the Pacific Community. American Samoa has the highest military enrollment rate of any US state or territory. The local United States Army recruiting station in Pago Pago was rated top in production out of the 885 Army recruiting stations and centers under the United States Army Recruiting Command as of September 9, 2014.
American Samoa is the United States' sole significant territory where citizenship is not awarded at birth, and those born there are termed "non-citizen nationals."