Learn about types of leave in

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Get to know the local legislation around types of leave.

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Paid time off

Employees receive 15 days of paid annual leave after one year of continuous service, in addition to official and customary public holidays and rest periods. Employees who perform hazardous work, as defined in Article 51 of the Labor Code, are entitled to 18 days of annual leave per year. Work that is hazardous includes:

Work that exposes employees to harmful radiation, communicable diseases, noxious vapors or smoke, or hazardous chemicals or materials (e.g., explosives).

Working in pits, underground tunnels, under water, or at high altitudes are all options.

Work in a variety of climates.

Work with vibrating equipment in a direct and consistent manner.

Employers set the dates of annual leave in advance or with the employee's agreement. Employees are entitled to reimbursement for unused vacation time if they are unable to take it due to circumstances beyond their control.

Public holidays

Under Article 55 of the Labour Code in Laos, employees are entitled to a paid day of rest on the following official holidays:

International New Year

International Women’s Day for female employees

The Lao New Year Festival

International Labor Day

National Teachers Day, for teachers and education management only

Non-Laos citizens are entitled to their respective national holidays

If an official public holiday falls on a weekly rest day, which is generally Sunday, employees are entitled to another day as a substitute.

The Prime Minister’s Office can announce additional public holidays. Further, employers and employees can agree to customary holidays. The following days may be considered as holidays:

Buddhist All Saints’ Day

Laotian National Army Day

Laotian New Year (Water Festival)

Birth, Enlightenment and Death of Buddha

Visakhabousa Day

Buddhist Lent Beginning

Rice Growing Day

Rice Donation Day

End of Buddhist Lent

Boat Racing Day

That Luang Festival

Laotian Constitution Day

Sick days

Employees who are paid on a monthly basis are entitled to 30 days of paid sick leave per year. If an employee is paid on a daily or hourly basis, per unit, or per specific work contract, they are entitled to 30 days of paid sick leave after working for at least 90 days. A medical certificate is required of all employees.

Employees are also entitled to three days of personal leave per year:

For the injury or death of a parent, spouse or child

To get married

For the birth or miscarriage of a child

If impacted by a natural disaster

Maternity leave

Employees who are women are entitled to at least 105 days of fully paid maternity leave. After the birth, at least 42 days of leave must be taken. When twins are born, maternity leave is extended to 120 days. Employees in Laos may be eligible for more time off under the country's social security system.

For up to a year after the birth of a child, female employees are given one hour of rest per day to care for the child.

In the event of a miscarriage, the mother is entitled to paid leave for the length of time recommended by the doctor.

Paternity leave

There is no statutory paternity leave in Laos.

Parental leave

Other than the already mentioned terms for maternity leave in Laos, there are no other provisions in the law regarding parental leave.

Other leave

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