Learn about types of leave in

Canada

Get to know the local legislation around types of leave.

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Paid time off

Alberta

Employees receive paid sick time depending on their length of service. Employees must use their paid leave within the year of which it was received.

If you have worked for less than a year, you are not entitled to any benefits unless your job contract states otherwise. 

2 weeks paid leave after 1-5 years of work

3 weeks paid leave after 5 years of work

Both workers who are in quarantine due to COVID-19 are liable for 14 days of unpaid leave as of March 5, 2020.

British Columbia

Employees get paid leave in their first year of work and will use it the next year. If an employee wishes to take holiday days before completing one year of work, they must file a written order. So long as the employee is informed, the employer may subtract the holiday from future eligibility.

From 1 to 5 years of service, the employee is entitled to a period of 2 weeks of paid leave, increasing to 3 weeks after 5 years.

For the first five years of work, vacation pay is at least 4% of salaries earned the previous year, and from the fifth year forward, it is at least 6% of wages. In general, holiday pay can be accrued to employees at least 7 days before they are scheduled to take paid leave, or this amount will be paid out annually if settled upon in writing.

Ontario:

Employees who have served for fewer than five years are entitled to two weeks of paid leave, and those who have worked for more than five years are entitled to three weeks.

Quebec:

Unless otherwise settled upon, the annual leave year runs from May 1 to April 30 and varies based on how long the person has been working. The employee is also granted additional compensation:

Employed for less than a year: 1 day for every month worked and a 4% indemnity

2 weeks + 4% indemnity for 1-3 workers who have worked for 1 to 3 years

For workers with more than 3 years of work experience: 3 weeks + 6% indemnity

Public holidays

Alberta:

Canada (Alberta) recognizes nine public holidays.

British Columbia:

British Columbia recognizes ten public holidays.

Ontario:

Ontario recognizes nine public holidays.

Quebec:

Quebec has eight national holidays. If a holiday occurs on a weekend, it is celebrated on the Friday preceding the weekend or on the Monday after the weekend.

Sick days

Alberta:

Employees are entitled to up to 16 weeks of sick or injured leave. Employees must have worked for at least 90 days to provide a medical report to be qualified.

The government has declared that those returning to Canada from non-essential travel (such as vacations) would no longer be available for the $500 weekly sickness benefit under the Canada Recovery Sickness Benefit (CRSB), which was designed to help offset the cost of quarantine upon arrival.

British Columbia:

Employees in British Columbia are not entitled to paid sick leave. The boss, on the other hand, will be able to do this as a bonus.

The government has declared that those returning to Canada from non-essential travel (such as vacations) would no longer be available for the $500 weekly sickness benefit under the Canada Recovery Sickness Benefit (CRSB), which was designed to help offset the cost of quarantine upon arrival.

Ontario:

When an employee has worked for more than two weeks, they are entitled to three missed sick days every year.

The government has declared that those returning to Canada from non-essential travel (such as vacations) would no longer be available for the $500 weekly sickness benefit under the Canada Recovery Sickness Benefit (CRSB), which was designed to help offset the cost of quarantine upon arrival.

Quebec:

When an employee has been working for at least three months, they are entitled to two days of paid leave every year. Employees must contact their employers if they are sick for an extended amount of time. The employer has the right to seek evidence if the cause for absence is repeated.

The government has declared that those returning to Canada from non-essential travel (such as vacations) would no longer be available for the $500 weekly sickness benefit under the Canada Recovery Sickness Benefit (CRSB), which was designed to help offset the cost of quarantine upon arrival.

Maternity leave

Alberta:

Employees who have worked for at least 90 days in a row are entitled to 16 weeks of sick leave. Leave will start up to 13 weeks before the expected due date. If the company allows for an early return and the employee receives a medical report confirming that it is legal, 6 weeks must be taken after the birth.

If an employer notices that the pregnancy is messing with the employee's ability to function, the employer has the right to ask the employee to begin maternity leave sooner.

British Columbia:

A individual is entitled to free maternity leave for 17 weeks. The leave must begin prior to the child's birth and can begin as early as 13 weeks prior to the anticipated due date. The woman must take at least 6 weeks off after giving birth.

If they want to return to work sooner, they must first get consent from a psychiatrist.

If the woman is unable to return to work after the necessary six weeks, her leave will be extended for another six weeks.

Ontario:

The worker is entitled to up to 17 weeks of free maternity leave after she has worked for at least 13 weeks. Maternity leave will begin as early as 17 weeks prior to the due date.

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Quebec:

A individual is entitled to free maternity leave for a total of 20 weeks. The mother will choose if she divides her maternity leave between before and after the pregnancy, but it cannot be taken before 16 weeks before the due date. The week the infant is born is not included in the parental leave if it begins on the day of the birth.

The employer has the right to obtain a medical report confirming that the employee is prepared for work from the 6th week before the due date, and if the employee does not give one within 8 days, the employer may order the employee to begin maternity leave.

Paternity leave

Alberta:

Paternity leave falls under parental leave.

British Columbia:

In British Columbia, parental leave is considered the umbrella term that encloses paternity leave.

Ontario:

Parental leave encloses paternity leave.

Quebec:

Fathers are entitled to 5 weeks of unpaid leave, which will begin as early as one week before the scheduled due date.

The boss must be informed at least three weeks before the start of paternity leave; but, if the infant appears before the scheduled due date, this period will be cut in half.

Parental leave

Alberta:

Birth and foster parents are entitled to a total of 62 weeks of unpaid leave. Parental leave will begin at any time after the child's birth or adoption, but it must be completed within 78 weeks of the child's birth.

Ontario:

The mother will prolong her maternity leave with parental leave for up to 61 weeks of accrued parental leave at the completion of her maternity leave. The father is therefore entitled to parental leave.

Quebec:

For a newborn or newly adopted child, each parent is entitled to up to 78 weeks of parental leave.

Parental leave should be combined with maternity or parental leave to create a total of 70 weeks of leave.

Other leave

Alberta:

Bereavement Leave: For the death of an immediate or extended family member, employees with at least 90 days of continuous leave are entitled to three days of bereavement leave each year. Unless otherwise specified in the work contract or collective bargaining agreement, this leave is unpaid.

Long term and Injury Leave: Employees who have worked for at least 90 days will take up to 16 weeks of unpaid leave.

British Columbia:

Bereavement Leave: Employees are entitled to three days of compulsory leave in the event of the death of a close relative. This leave may be taken in any order; the employee is not required to take it in that order.

Work-Related Injury Leave: In British Columbia, any significant accidents and deaths must be reported to WorkSafeBC as soon as possible after they occur.

In addition, within three days of an injury, the supervisor must disclose any of the following:

During a work-related accident, the employer passes out.

The employee is taken to a medical facility for treatment (i.e. hospital, clinic).

The employee is treated for his or her injuries.

Owing to the incident, the employee is unable to return to work.

A surgical implant was broken as a result of the accident (i.e. an artificial limb, glasses, dentures, hearing aid, etc.)

If the employee demands that the boss file a survey.

For the first 10 weeks of leave, WorkSafeBC will specify a pay amount at which the employee will be entitled. The fund will either cancel the compensation or grant the employee permanent disability after this time limit has passed.

Quebec:

Personal Emergency Leave: 10 days for personal sickness, accident, or medical emergency, or for a family member's illness, injury, or medical emergency.

Family Medical Leave: In a 26-week cycle, you will take up to 8 weeks of unpaid leave.

Work-Related Injury Leave: The contractor must pay 100 percent of the daily wage on the day of the accident and 90 percent for the first 14 days of work-related injury leave. The Commission des normes, de l'équité, de la santé and de la sécurité du travail (CNESST) assumes payment to the employee on the 15th day at a cost of 90% of the net profits.

If the employee becomes medically or mentally injured, they could be eligible for extra payments based on their age and the seriousness of the injuries.

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