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Falkland Islands (Malvinas)

Employee Rights and Protections

Explore workers' rights and legal protections in Falkland Islands (Malvinas)


The Employment Protection Ordinance 1989 outlines the valid grounds for terminating an employee's contract. These include capability or qualifications, conduct, redundancy, statutory restriction, and some other substantial reason (SOSR).

An unfair dismissal occurs when an employer terminates a contract without a lawful reason or without following fair procedures. The Employment Ordinance defines specific circumstances constituting unfair dismissal, such as dismissal related to trade union membership, dismissal related to pregnancy, and dismissal for exercising legal rights.

Notice Requirements

The required notice period an employer must give an employee depends on the employee's length of continuous service. For less than 2 years of service, at least 1 week's notice is required. For 2 years or more but less than 12 years, at least 1 week's notice for each year of service is required. For 12 years or more, at least 12 weeks' notice is required. Employees are also generally required to give notice when resigning. The specific notice period would often be outlined in their employment contract.

Severance Pay

The Falkland Islands has limited statutory requirements for severance payments. However, circumstances may exist where an employee is entitled to severance, including unfair dismissal and contractual agreements. The tribunal may award compensation to an unfairly dismissed employee. The employment contract may also include severance provisions that go beyond statutory requirements.


The Falkland Islands Constitution Order 2008 is a key piece of legislation that prohibits discrimination based on a variety of characteristics. These include sex, sexual orientation, race, color, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, association with a national minority, property, birth, and other status.

Redress Mechanisms

If you feel you have been discriminated against in the Falkland Islands, there are several steps you can take. Firstly, you can bring your concerns directly to your employer. Employers have a responsibility to investigate and address discrimination claims within their organization. If no satisfactory solution is reached with your employer or if you believe the discrimination is widespread, you may file a complaint with the Attorney General's office. The Attorney General has the power to investigate and pursue legal action against discrimination.

Employer Responsibilities

Employers in the Falkland Islands have a legal duty to prevent discrimination in the workplace. This includes creating clear, written anti-discrimination policies that outline the employer's commitment to non-discrimination and the procedures for addressing complaints. Employers are also required to provide regular training to employees on anti-discrimination laws and how to create an inclusive workplace. Furthermore, they must thoroughly investigate all allegations of discrimination and take appropriate disciplinary action if discrimination is found. Lastly, employers are encouraged to take proactive steps to foster a diverse and inclusive work environment for all employees.

Working conditions

In the Falkland Islands (Malvinas), specific standards for working conditions are not publicly available. However, insights can be drawn from the British Overseas Territories framework and general employer practices.


Employment contracts in the Falkland Islands likely mirror those in the United Kingdom. These typically include details on working hours and leave allowances.

Employer of Record (EOR) Services

The existence of EOR services that manage aspects of employment contracts suggests a certain level of formality in employment regulations.

Falkland Islands Government

The Falkland Islands Government website may contain information on labor laws or relevant departments that can be contacted for details.

British Overseas Territories Framework

As a British Overseas Territory, the Falkland Islands might adhere to some aspects of the UK's employment framework.

Health and safety

In the Falkland Islands, health and safety regulations in the workplace are enforced to ensure employee well-being and prevent accidents.

Employer Obligations

The Management of Health and Safety at Work Order 1998 forms the cornerstone of workplace health and safety regulations in the Falkland Islands. This legislation, based on the UK's Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974, places several duties on employers, including:

  • Risk Assessment: Employers must conduct risk assessments to identify potential hazards in the workplace and implement control measures to mitigate them.
  • Health and Safety Arrangements: Employers are required to have a clear health and safety policy and appoint a competent person to oversee its implementation.
  • Provision of Safe Equipment and Systems of Work: Employers must ensure workplaces are equipped with safe machinery and tools and establish safe work procedures.
  • Information and Training: Employers have a duty to provide employees with adequate information and training on health and safety matters relevant to their roles.

Employee Rights

Employees in the Falkland Islands have corresponding rights under the health and safety regulations:

  • Right to a Safe Working Environment: Employees have the right to work in an environment free from foreseeable risks to health and safety.
  • Right to Information and Training: Employees have the right to receive information and training on health and safety matters.
  • Right to Refuse Unsafe Work: Employees have the right to refuse work they believe to be unsafe, provided they have reasonable justification for doing so.

Enforcement Agencies

The responsibility for enforcing health and safety regulations likely falls under the purview of the Falkland Islands Department of Labor and Public Service. However, details regarding specific enforcement procedures are currently unavailable.

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