Guide to employment, payroll and benefits in

Zimbabwe

Rivermate offers complete payroll, benefits and compliance services for

Zimbabwe

01. Overview

Last updated: 

August 19, 2021

Currency
Zimbabwe Dollar
Capital
Harare
Ease of doing business
54.5
Language
English
Population
14862924
GDP growth
4.70%

02. Grow your team in

Zimbabwe

with Rivermate

Payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance can be difficult to manage in

Zimbabwe

, particularly if you don't have established local relationships. You can hire employees in

Zimbabwe

effectively, conveniently, and in full compliance with all relevant labor laws using Rivermate's global employment solution. We handle the responsibilities and legal risks associated with foreign employment so you can concentrate on growing your company.

03. Summary

Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country in Southern Africa that lies between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers and is bordered on the south by South Africa, the south-west by Botswana, the north by Zambia, and the east by Mozambique. Harare is the country's capital and largest city. Bulawayo is the country's second-largest city. Zimbabwe, a nation of 14 million people, has 16 official languages, the most popular of which are English, Shona, and Ndebele. Since the 11th century, modern-day Zimbabwe has been home to a number of organized states and kingdoms, including the Rozvi and Mthwakazi kingdoms, as well as a major migration and trade route. After a fierce resistance by the Matabele people known as the First Matabele War, Cecil Rhodes' British South Africa Company conquered Mashonaland in 1890 and Matabeleland in 1893, demarcating the current territory. With the creation of Southern Rhodesia as a self-governing British colony in 1923, company rule came to an end. The conservative white minority government of Rhodesia unilaterally proclaimed independence in 1965. International isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces led to a peace agreement in April 1980 that created universal enfranchisement and de jure independence as Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 due to the then-government of Robert Mugabe's violations of international law, and from which it withdrew in December 2003. The United Nations, the Southern African Development Community, the African Union, and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa are all members of the sovereign state. For its great prosperity, it was once known as the "Jewel of Africa." Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU–PF party won elections following the end of white minority rule; he served as President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. The state security agency controlled the country under Mugabe's authoritarian government, and it was responsible for systematic human rights abuses. Since the 1990s, the nation has been in economic recession, with many crashes and hyperinflation along the way. In a coup d'état on November 15, 2017, Mugabe was put under house arrest by the country's national army after over a year of demonstrations against his government and Zimbabwe's steadily weakening economy. He finally resigned six days later. Since then, Emmerson Mnangagwa has served as President of Zimbabwe.

04. Public holidays

05. Types of leave

Paid time off

After one year of continuous work, employees in Zimbabwe are entitled to 30 days or one month of leave. Weekends and national holidays are included in the vacation leave days.

Public holidays

The Republic of Zimbabwe recognizes ten national public holidays.

Sick days

On request, an employee is entitled to 90 days of paid sick leave, which must be accompanied by a certificate signed by a licensed medical practitioner. If an employee's 90 days of sick leave have been used up in any one-year term of employment, they may request another 90 days at half pay. A signed certificate from a certified medical practitioner must be included to the request once again. If an employee's sick leave surpasses 90 days of full pay or 180 days of full and half pay within a one-year period of service, the employer has the right to terminate the employee's employment.

Maternity leave

Female employees are legally protected and are entitled to 98 working days of paid leave. (The 98 days include a mandatory entitlement of 21 days before to imprisonment.)

Paternity leave

There are no particular paternity leave provisions in the labor laws. Special leave entitlements recognized under section 14B, on the other hand, may be utilised. Employees may take up to 12 days of exceptional leave for personal reasons affecting their immediate family (death of a spouse, parent, child, legal dependent or on any other justifiable compassionate ground).

Parental leave

There are no provisions in the Zimbabwe law regarding parental leave.

Other leave

06. Employment termination

Termination process

Both the employer and the employee have the right to cancel an employment contract with notice. The notice period is between one and three months, depending on the duration of employment of the employee. Collective or redundancy dismissals are subject to special rules.


Employers may be obligated to pay severance to employees terminated due to redundancy under the terms of a collective bargaining agreement. Severance pay is typically one month's compensation for every two years of employment.

Notice period

The notice period for terminating an employment contract shall be three months in the case of an indefinite contract or a contract for a period of two years or more;


If the contract is for a period of one year or more but less than two years, the notice period should be at least two months. A notice period of at least one month should be provided in the case of a contract lasting six months or more but less than one year. A notice period of at least two weeks should be provided in the case of a contract lasting three months or more but less than six months. If the contract is for less than three months or if the work is casual or seasonal, the notice period should be at least one day.

Severance pay

Severance pay is only available under the Labor Act for collective dismissals for economic reasons or retrenchment. Although the Retrenchment Board determined the amount of severance pay differently depending on the organization's ability to pay, the most common amount is three months' pay for one year of service.

Probation period

Zimbabwean labor laws stipulate that the maximum probationary period is one day for casual or seasonal work and three months in all other cases.

07. Working hours

General

In most cases, work hours and overtime are determined by a collective bargaining agreement or other agreement. Employees typically work 8.5 hours per day and 44 hours per week.

Overtime

Overtime hours and the pay rate are generally indicated in the collective bargaining agreement.

08. Minimum wage

General

Zimbabwe does not have a minimum wage policy.

09. Employee benefits

General

Zimbabwe provides free healthcare to all citizens. There are various private providers and facilities as well. Some businesses provide private health insurance to their workers.

Mandatory benefits postulated by law include a probationary period, pay on annual leaves, public holidays, sick leaves, maternity leave, paternity leave, and overtime pay. Statutory benefits also include social security benefits.

10. Why Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO?

Establishing an entity in

Zimbabwe

to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in

Zimbabwe

has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into

Zimbabwe

simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record solutions in

Zimbabwe

give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business.

Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in

Zimbabwe

via our Employer of Record / PEO solution.

Ready to get started? Our friendly staff is ready to assist you with all your questions, let's connect.