Guide to employment, payroll and benefits in


Rivermate offers complete payroll, benefits and compliance services for


01. Overview

Last updated: 

August 19, 2021

Turkmenistani Manat
Ease of doing business
GDP growth

02. Grow your team in


with Rivermate

Payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance can be difficult to manage in


, particularly if you don't have established local relationships. You can hire employees in


effectively, conveniently, and in full compliance with all relevant labor laws using Rivermate's global employment solution. We handle the responsibilities and legal risks associated with foreign employment so you can concentrate on growing your company.

03. Summary

Turkmenistan, also known as Turkmenia, is a Central Asian country bordered on the northwest by Kazakhstan, on the north, east, and northeast by Uzbekistan, on the southeast by Afghanistan, on the south and southwest by Iran, and on the west by the Caspian Sea. Ashgabat is the country's capital and largest city. Turkmenistan has a population of around 6 million people, making it the smallest of the Central Asian republics. Turkmenistan is one of Asia's most sparsely populated countries. Turkmenistanis, Turkmenians, and Turkmens are the names given to Turkmens who live in Turkmenistan. Turkmenistan has long been a crossroads of civilizations; Merv is one of the oldest oasis-cities in Central Asia and was once the world's largest city. Merv was also a major stop on the Silk Road and one of the great cities of the Islamic world in medieval times. Turkmenistan was annexed by the Russian Empire in 1881 and later played a key role in the anti-Bolshevik uprising in Central Asia. Turkmenistan became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union in 1925, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic, and gained independence after the Soviet Union's dissolution in 1991. Turkmenistan has the world's fourth largest natural gas reserves. The Karakum, or Black Sand Desert, covers the majority of the region. From 1993 to 2017, Turkmen people received free electricity, water, and natural gas from the government. President for Life Saparmurat Niyazov governed Turkmenistan until his death in 2006. President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow was elected in 2007. Turkmenistan has been chastised for its weak human rights record. Its treatment of minorities, press freedoms, and religious freedoms were all notable issues. The use of capital punishment was effectively prohibited in the 2008 constitution, following the abolition of the death penalty.

04. Public holidays

05. Types of leave

Paid time off

For most workers, the baseline amount of paid yearly leave is 30 days, which they are entitled to after 11 months of employment. Teachers, educational leaders, scientists, and handicapped personnel all get 45 days off. Employees who work in especially tough or dangerous conditions are entitled to three additional vacation days each year, with a maximum of 15. Air traffic controllers and select aviation personnel are also eligible for an extra 15 days. Employees with irregular schedules and those over the age of 62 are entitled to three additional vacation days per year.

Public holidays

The following public holidays are observed in Turkmenistan:New Year’s DayInternational Women’s DaySpring Holiday (Nowruz)Oraza BayramConstitution and National Flag DayKurban BayramIndependence DayRemembrance DayInternational Day of Neutrality

Sick days

In most circumstances, there is no particular legislative right to sick leave. Employees, on the other hand, have the right to take unpaid leave to care for a sick family member, with the length of the absence determined by the medical institution that is caring for the relative.

Maternity leave

Female employees are entitled to 112 days of fully paid maternity leave, beginning 56 days before the expected due date and ending 56 days following delivery. If there are birth problems, the paid maternity leave is extended by 16 days, and by 40 days if there are multiple births.

Paternity leave

Except in a few cases when the mother is not present in the child's life, there is no legislative paternity leave beyond the choice for the father to take parental leave.

Parental leave

Apart from maternity and paternity leave, there are no other provisions in the law in Turkmenistan regarding parental leave.

Other leave

06. Employment termination

Termination process

Employers may terminate an employment contract for economic or business reasons, or depending on the employee's behaviour or performance. Employers are required to tell employees in writing. Two weeks or two months' notice is required, depending on the reason for termination. During the probationary term, only three days' notice is required.

Dismissals due to redundancy and employee misconduct are subject to special norms and processes.

In most cases, when an employer terminates an employment contract for a cause other than the employee's wrongdoing, severance compensation must be provided.

Notice period

The notice period, as well as the circumstances and amounts payable under the employment contract's termination benefits and other compensation, are specified in the employment contract. The notice period varies between a half and a full month.

Severance pay

Severance or redundancy pay ranges from half a month's salary to two months' salary, depending on the length of employment.

Probation period

Probationary periods for employees cannot exceed three months and six months for managerial employees.

07. Working hours


The standard workweek is 40 hours spread over five days with an average of eight hours per day, or six days with no more than seven hours per day. Employees aged 16 to 18 may work no more than 36 hours per week, and employees under the age of 16 may not work more than 24 hours per week. Additionally, employees who work in particularly difficult or dangerous conditions, as well as disabled employees, have their workweek reduced.


Overtime is permitted in a limited number of circumstances. Employees are entitled to overtime pay.

08. Minimum wage


Turkmenistan sets a national minimum wage of TMT957.00.

09. Employee benefits


Turkmenistan has both a public and a modest private healthcare system. Patients usually pay significant expenses out of pocket in both the public and private systems.

Mandatory benefits postulated by law include a probationary period, pay on annual leaves, public holidays, sick leaves, maternity leave, paternity leave, and overtime pay. Statutory benefits also include social security benefits.

10. Why Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO?

Establishing an entity in


to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in


has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into


simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record solutions in


give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business.

Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in


via our Employer of Record / PEO solution.

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