Guide to employment, payroll and benefits in

Tajikistan

Rivermate offers complete payroll, benefits and compliance services for

Tajikistan

01. Overview

Last updated: 

August 19, 2021

Currency
Tajikistani Somoni
Capital
Dushanbe
Ease of doing business
61.3
Language
Persian
Population
9537645
GDP growth
7.62%

02. Grow your team in

Tajikistan

with Rivermate

Payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance can be difficult to manage in

Tajikistan

, particularly if you don't have established local relationships. You can hire employees in

Tajikistan

effectively, conveniently, and in full compliance with all relevant labor laws using Rivermate's global employment solution. We handle the responsibilities and legal risks associated with foreign employment so you can concentrate on growing your company.

03. Summary

Tajikistan, officially the Republic of Tajikistan, is a landlocked country in Central Asia with a population of 9,537,645 people and an area of 143,100 km2. It is bordered on the south by Afghanistan, on the west by Uzbekistan, on the north by Kyrgyzstan, and on the east by China. Tajikistan, as well as parts of Afghanistan and Uzbekistan, are part of the Tajik people's historic homelands. The region that is now Tajikistan was once home to many ancient civilizations, including the Neolithic and Bronze Age city of Sarazm, and was later dominated by kingdoms of various faiths and cultures, including the Oxus Valley Civilisation, Andronovo Culture, Buddhism, Nestorian Christianity, Vedic religion, Zoroastrianism, Manichaeism, and Islam. Several empires and dynasties have ruled over the region, including the Achaemenid Empire, Sasanian Empire, Hephthalite Empire, Samanid Empire, and Mongol Empire. The Timurid Renaissance flourished after being dominated by the Timurid dynasty and the Khanate of Bukhara. The Russian Empire later annexed the area, which was then taken over by the Soviet Union. Tajikistan's current boundaries were drawn when it was an autonomous republic within the Soviet Union before becoming a full-fledged Soviet republic in 1920. Tajikistan became an independent sovereign nation on September 9, 1991, when the Soviet Union disintegrated. A civil war broke out almost as soon as the country gained independence, lasting from 1992 to 1997. The country's economy has been able to expand since the end of the war, thanks to newly developed political stability and foreign aid. President Emomali Rahmon has led the country since 1994, and has been criticized by a number of non-governmental organisations for authoritarian rule, corruption, and systematic human rights abuses, including torture, arbitrary detention, worsening political repression, and a lack of religious freedom and other civil liberties. The Tajik ethnic community makes up the majority of Tajikistan's population, and Tajik is the country's first official language. The official inter-ethnic language is Russian. Despite the fact that the state is legally secular, 98% of the population follows Islam. Despite its small population, the Gorno-Badakhshan oblast has a wide linguistic diversity, with Rushani, Shughni, Ishkashimi, Wakhi, and Tajik among the languages spoken. More than 90% of the country is covered by mountains. It is a developing country in transition with an economy that is heavily reliant on remittances, aluminum, and cotton production. Tajikistan is a UN, CIS, OSCE, OIC, ECO, SCO, and CSTO participant, as well as a NATO Partnership for Peace partner.

04. Public holidays

05. Types of leave

Paid time off

Employees are entitled to at least 24 days of paid annual leave each year. Employees with specific forms of impairments are given 35 or 42 days off, based on their official disability categorization.

Public holidays

The following public holidays are observed in Tajikistan:New Year’s DayMother’s Day/International Women’s DayNavruz CelebrationLabor Day/May DayVictory DayEid-al-FitrDay of National UnityEid-al-AdhaIndependence DayConstitution Day

Sick days

Tajikistan has no particular provisions for paid sick leave. Employees are entitled to 14 days of unpaid time off each year to care for ailing relatives.

Maternity leave

Female employees are entitled to 140 days of fully paid maternity leave, with 70 days prior to the delivery and 70 days following the delivery. If there are issues during delivery or if there are numerous births, leave might be extended. New moms are also permitted to take leave till their kid reaches the age of 18 months.

Paternity leave

There is no statutory paternity leave.

Parental leave

Until the kid reaches the age of three, any parent may take unpaid leave to care for the youngster. Parents with two or more children under the age of fourteen, or handicapped children under the age of eighteen, are often entitled to extra leave and the continuation of their employment.

Other leave

06. Employment termination

Termination process

Employers may terminate an employee only for business reasons or for employee misconduct. Employers are generally required to offer notice to employees prior to dismissal.

Notice period

One to two months' notice is required, depending on the reason for dismissal. During the probationary period, the notice period is seven days.

Severance pay

The employee receives a one-time severance payment upon the termination of the employment contract or at the employer's initiative and in circumstances beyond the parties' control. Severance pay cannot be less than the employee's three average monthly salaries.

Probation period

Generally, standard employment contracts are not time-limited. They typically include a three- to six-month probationary period.

07. Working hours

General

A typical workweek consists of 40 hours spread over five or six days. Certain employees have shorter daily maximum hours.

Overtime

Overtime is permitted in a limited number of exceptional circumstances, and the employee must agree to the overtime hours. Employees may not work more than four hours of overtime in a two-day period (two hours in exceptionally difficult or dangerous jobs) or more than 120 hours in a calendar year. Employees are entitled to overtime compensation for hours worked. Unless otherwise specified in a collective bargaining agreement or individual employment contract, the rate of pay is 150 to 200 percent.

08. Minimum wage

General

Tajikistan has a monthly minimum salary of 400 Tajikistani somoni.

09. Employee benefits

General

Tajikistan is trying to provide universal healthcare, although the system is not yet operational. There are a few private hospitals, mainly in Dushanbe, the capital city.

Tajikistan has nine public holidays, which should be observed by your workers. In addition, you should offer 24 calendar days of paid annual leave. Some employees, such as those who work in hazardous circumstances, those who are handicapped, and those who are under the age of 18, should be given more paid time off.

Parental leave is another significant guaranteed perk for workers. Female workers are usually entitled to 70 days of paid maternity leave during their pregnancy and another 70 days after giving birth. If the employee had a difficult delivery, she should be entitled to 86 paid days off. You should additionally give 40 TJS as a daycare benefit until the kid reaches the age of 18 months.

10. Why Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO?

Establishing an entity in

Tajikistan

to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in

Tajikistan

has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into

Tajikistan

simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record solutions in

Tajikistan

give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business.

Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in

Tajikistan

via our Employer of Record / PEO solution.

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