Guide to employment, payroll and benefits in

Syrian Arab Republic

Rivermate offers complete payroll, benefits and compliance services for

Syrian Arab Republic

01. Overview

Last updated: 

August 19, 2021

Currency
Syrian Pound
Capital
Damascus
Ease of doing business
42
Language
Arabic
Population
17500658
GDP growth

02. Grow your team in

Syrian Arab Republic

with Rivermate

Payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance can be difficult to manage in

Syrian Arab Republic

, particularly if you don't have established local relationships. You can hire employees in

Syrian Arab Republic

effectively, conveniently, and in full compliance with all relevant labor laws using Rivermate's global employment solution. We handle the responsibilities and legal risks associated with foreign employment so you can concentrate on growing your company.

03. Summary

Syria, officially the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country in Western Asia bordered on the southwest by Lebanon, on the west by the Mediterranean Sea, on the north by Turkey, on the east by Iraq, on the south by Jordan, and on the southwest by Israel. Syria, a country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, is home to a diverse ethnic and religious population, including Syrian Arabs, Kurds, Turkmens, Assyrians, Armenians, Circassians, Mandeans, and Greeks, who make up the majority of the population. Sunnis, Christians, Alawites, Druze, Isma'ilis, Mandeans, Shiites, Salafis, and Yazidis are among the religious communities. The largest ethnic group is Arabs, and the largest religious group is Sunnis. Syria is a unitary republic of 14 governorates and is the only nation in the world that adheres to Ba'athism politically. It is a member of one international organization other than the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement; it was suspended from the Arab League and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation in November 2011, and self-suspended from the Union for the Mediterranean.Historically, the term "Syria" applied to a larger area known in Arabic as al-Sham. The current state includes the ruins of many ancient kingdoms and empires, including the 3rd millennium BC Eblan civilization. Aleppo and Damascus, the capital, are among the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities. Damascus was the seat of the Umayyad Caliphate and a regional capital of the Mamluk Sultanate in Egypt during the Islamic period. After centuries of Ottoman rule and a brief French mandate, the modern Syrian state was founded in the mid-20th century. The newly formed state was the largest Arab state to emerge from the former Ottoman provinces of Syria. Although French troops did not leave the country until April 1946, Syria gained de jure independence as a parliamentary republic on October 24, 1945, when the Republic of Syria became a founding member of the United Nations, effectively ending the former French Mandate. From 1949 to 1971, the post-independence era was turbulent, with numerous military coups and attempted coups shaking the country. Syria and Egypt established the United Arab Republic in 1958, but it was short-lived due to the Syrian coup d'état in 1961. After a constitutional referendum on December 1, 1961, the republic was renamed the Arab Republic of Syria, and the country became increasingly unstable before the 1963 Ba'athist coup d'état, which has kept the Ba'ath Party in power ever since. From 1963 to 2011, Syria was under Emergency Law, which legally suspended certain civil rights for residents. Bashar al-Assad has been the president of Syria since 2000, succeeding his father, Hafez al-Assad, who served from 1971 to 2000.

04. Public holidays

05. Types of leave

Paid time off

Public holidays

Sick days

Maternity leave

Paternity leave

Parental leave

Other leave

06. Employment termination

Termination process

Employers have the right to terminate fixed-term employment contracts at any time during employment, provided they pay the employee's salaries for the remainder of the contract's period. Similarly, the worker may cancel the employment contract at any time by giving written notice to the employer two months prior to the termination date; otherwise, the worker must pay the employer compensation equivalent to the wage earned during the notice period or the residual portion thereof.

Notice period

Two months prior to termination, notice shall be sent.

Severance pay

Employers must provide severance pay equal to one month's wages for each year of service to employees who are not covered by the Social Security Law. Additionally, workers are entitled to receive pro-rata severance pay for any fraction of a year. Severance pay shall be calculated on the basis of the worker's last monthly wage earned, without regard for the worker's remaining statutory or contractual entitlements.

Probation period

The employment contract shall specify the probationary period. No worker shall be on probation for more than three months or for the same employer more than once.

07. Working hours

General

Overtime

08. Minimum wage

General

There is no national minimum wage in the Syrian Arab Republic. Minimums are established via collective bargaining agreements negotiated by trade unions.

09. Employee benefits

General

Mandatory benefits postulated by law include a probationary period, pay on annual leaves, public holidays, sick leaves, maternity leave, paternity leave, and overtime pay. Statutory benefits also include social security benefits.

10. Why Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO?

Establishing an entity in

Syrian Arab Republic

to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in

Syrian Arab Republic

has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into

Syrian Arab Republic

simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record solutions in

Syrian Arab Republic

give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business.

Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in

Syrian Arab Republic

via our Employer of Record / PEO solution.

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