Guide to employment, payroll and benefits in


Rivermate offers complete payroll, benefits and compliance services for


01. Overview

Last updated: 

August 19, 2021

Sudanese Pound
Ease of doing business
GDP growth

02. Grow your team in


with Rivermate

Payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance can be difficult to manage in


, particularly if you don't have established local relationships. You can hire employees in


effectively, conveniently, and in full compliance with all relevant labor laws using Rivermate's global employment solution. We handle the responsibilities and legal risks associated with foreign employment so you can concentrate on growing your company.

03. Summary

Sudan is a country in northeast Africa, formally known as the Sudanese Republic. It is bordered on the north by Egypt, on the northwest by Libya, on the west by Chad, on the southwest by the Central African Republic, on the south by South Sudan, on the southeast by Ethiopia, on the east by Eritrea, and on the northeast by the Red Sea. Sudan has 44.91 million inhabitants and covers 1,886,068 square kilometers, making it Africa's third-largest country by area and the Arab League's third-largest by area as of 2021. Before the secession of South Sudan in 2011, it was also the largest country in Africa and the Arab League by area. Since then, Algeria has retained both titles. Sudan's history can be traced back to the Pharaonic period, with the Kingdom of Kerma, the Egyptian New Kingdom's subsequent rule, and the rise of the Kingdom of Kush, which would dominate Egypt for nearly a century. The Nubians founded the three Christian kingdoms of Nobatia, Makuria, and Alodia after the fall of Kush, with the latter two remaining until about 1500. Much of Sudan was settled by Arab nomads between the 14th and 15th centuries. The Funj sultanate governed central and eastern Sudan from the 16th to the 19th centuries, while Darfur ruled the west and the Ottomans ruled the far north. Under the Muhammad Ali dynasty, Egypt occupied the entire Sudan in the 19th century. Sudan's modern boundaries were established under Egyptian rule, and the country's political, agricultural, and economic growth began. Nationalist sentiment in Egypt sparked the Orabi Revolt in 1881, undermining the Egyptian monarchy and ultimately leading to the United Kingdom's occupation of Egypt. At the same time, religious-nationalist fervor in Sudan exploded in the Mahdist Revolt, which resulted in the creation of the rebel Caliphate of Omdurman, led by the self-proclaimed Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad. A joint Egyptian-British military force finally defeated the Mahdist forces, restoring Egyptian monarchy authority. Egyptian sovereignty in Sudan, on the other hand, will be largely ceremonial going forward, since the real authority in both Egypt and Sudan was now the United Kingdom. Egypt decided to share control over Sudan with the United Kingdom as a condominium in 1899, under British pressure. Sudan was effectively ruled as a British possession. Both Egyptian and Sudanese nationalism grew in the twentieth century, with the aim of ending the British occupation. The Egyptian Revolution of 1952 overthrew the monarchy and demanded that British powers leave Egypt and Sudan entirely. One of the revolution's two co-leaders and Egypt's first President, Muhammad Naguib, who was half-Sudanese and raised in Sudan, made securing Sudanese independence a top priority for the revolutionary government.

04. Public holidays

05. Types of leave

Paid time off

After one year of work, employees are entitled to 20 days of paid annual leave, which increases to 25 days after eight years of continuous service and 30 days after 15 years of continuous service. If the employer agrees, employees can carry over up to half of their yearly leave to the next year. Employees, on the other hand, are unable to postpone taking all of their yearly leave.

Public holidays

The following public holidays are observed in the Sudan:Independence DayEastern Rites ChristmasEastern Rites EasterEid Al FitrEid Al AdhaProphet Muhammad’s Birthday

Sick days

Sick leave is compensated for up to nine months for employees. The employee's entire wage is compensated for the first three months of sick leave. After that, employees are only paid in part. The leave is unpaid after nine months.

Maternity leave

Female employees are entitled to eight weeks of paid maternity leave, which can be taken four weeks before and four weeks after the birth of the child, or two weeks before and six weeks after the birth of the child.

Paternity leave

There is no statutory paternity leave.

Parental leave

Other than the already mentioned terms for maternity leave, Sudan does not have a provision in its law regarding parental leave.

Other leave

06. Employment termination

Termination process

Employers can generally terminate an employment contract by giving the employee notice.

Notice period

The notice period is typically between a week and a month in length, depending on the employee's length of service and the frequency with which the employee is paid. In a limited number of circumstances, typically involving employee misconduct, no notice is required.

Severance pay

Severance pay may be available to employees with more than three years of service. Severance pay is calculated based on the employee's length of service and begins at one month's pay for each year worked.

Probation period

An employee who is appointed shall be appointed for an initial probationary period of at least two years of continuous service without absence.

07. Working hours


Sudan's official working hours are 48 hours per week, or eight hours per day for six days.


Overtime is limited to four hours per day and twelve hours per week. The workday is shortened by one hour during Ramadan.

08. Minimum wage


The current minimum wage in Sudan is 20000 Sudanese pounds ($55) per month.

09. Employee benefits


There are two kinds of health insurance in Sudan: Social Health Insurance (SHI) and Private Health Insurance (PHI) (PHI). Employers in the formal sector are required to contribute to the National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF), while employers in the informal sector and small businesses with 10 or fewer workers are not required to do so. There is also the option of purchasing private health insurance.

Mandatory benefits postulated by law include a probationary period, pay on annual leaves, public holidays, sick leaves, maternity leave, paternity leave, and overtime pay. Statutory benefits also include social security benefits.

10. Why Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO?

Establishing an entity in


to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in


has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into


simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record solutions in


give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business.

Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in


via our Employer of Record / PEO solution.

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