Guide to employment, payroll and benefits in

South Sudan

Rivermate offers complete payroll, benefits and compliance services for

South Sudan

01. Overview

Last updated: 

August 19, 2021

South Sudanese Pound
Ease of doing business
GDP growth

02. Grow your team in

South Sudan

with Rivermate

Payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance can be difficult to manage in

South Sudan

, particularly if you don't have established local relationships. You can hire employees in

South Sudan

effectively, conveniently, and in full compliance with all relevant labor laws using Rivermate's global employment solution. We handle the responsibilities and legal risks associated with foreign employment so you can concentrate on growing your company.

03. Summary

South Sudan is a landlocked nation in east/central Africa, formally recognized as the Republic of South Sudan. Ethiopia borders it on the east, Sudan on the north, the Central African Republic on the west, the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the southwest, Uganda on the south, and Kenya on the southeast. As of 2021, it is the most recent independent state or nation with universal recognition, having achieved independence from the Republic of Sudan in 2011. Juba is the country's capital and largest city. It includes the vast Sudd swamp area, which is created by the White Nile and locally known as Bahr al Jabal, which means "Mountain River." Sudan was occupied by Egypt during the Muhammad Ali dynasty and administered as an Anglo-Egyptian condominium until 1956, when Sudan gained independence. The Southern Sudan Autonomous Region was formed in 1972 after the First Sudanese Civil War and lasted until 1983. Soon after, a second Sudanese civil war erupted, which was finally put to an end in 2005 with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. Southern autonomy was restored later that year when the Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan was established. South Sudan became an independent state on July 9, 2011, after a referendum in January 2011 yielded 98.83% support for independence. From 2013 until 22 February 2020, when opposing fighting leaders Salva Kiir Mayardit and Riek Machar struck a unity agreement and formed a coalition government, paving the way for refugees to return home, South Sudan experienced ethnic violence and a civil war marked by rampant human rights violations, including numerous ethnic massacres and killings of journalists by all sides. The majority of the people follow Christianity or one of the indigenous religions. The country belongs to the United Nations, the African Union, the East African Community, and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, as well as being a signatory to the Geneva Conventions. South Sudan is currently ranked third-lowest on the new UN World Happiness Report, third-lowest on the Global Peace Index, and third-highest on the Fragile States Index of the American Fund for Peace.

04. Public holidays

05. Types of leave

Paid time off

After a year of employment, employees are entitled to 21 days of paid annual leave, which increases to 25 days after three years and 30 days after 15 years.Annual leave that has been accrued but not utilized will be carried over to the next year. When an employee has accrued two years of unused leave, up to half of the days might be reimbursed to him or her. The agreement between the employer and the employee to accept remuneration in place of leave must be in writing. Upon departure from service, any accrued but unused leave is reimbursed to the employee.

Public holidays

The following holidays are observed in South Sudan:New Year’s DayEaster SundayInternational Labor DayEid al-FitrSPLA DayIndependence DayEid al-AdhaMartyr’s DayChristmasBoxing Day

Sick days

Employees who submit a medical certificate are entitled to 12 days of paid sick leave each year.

Maternity leave

For each pregnancy, female employees are entitled to at least 90 days of paid maternity leave. Employees must give their employer at least 14 days' notice before taking vacation.Employees who have a miscarriage or birth a stillborn child are given six weeks off. When they return to work, female employees are required to work half days for up to 45 days in order to nurse their children.

Paternity leave

Male employees are entitled to two weeks of paternity leave, which must begin within three days of the birth of the child or within 24 hours following a miscarriage.

Parental leave

Other than the already mentioned terms regarding maternity and paternity leave, there are no other provisions in the law of South Sudan regarding parental leave.

Other leave

06. Employment termination

Termination process

A fixed-term employment contract can be canceled by either the employer or the employee at the conclusion of the period. Employers in South Sudan may terminate an employee for reasons such as incompetence, repeated unsatisfactory performance, gross misconduct at work or gross misconduct with a real and or substantial relation to the employee's place of employment, or redundancy.

If an employee frequently fails to perform their obligations, the employer must first tell them, make recommendations, and allow time for them to improve their performance. If the situation does not improve using this procedure, the employer may submit a notice of termination.

Employers are required to present employees with a written explanation explaining why they were terminated.

Notice period

Any party to an employment contract may terminate it with due notice. The following are the notice periods. The notice period is one month for employees with more than one year of service. The notice period is two weeks for employees with six months to one year of service. The notice period is one week for employees with less than one week of service.

Severance pay

Severance pay is paid to employees with six months or more of service in an amount agreed upon in the employment contract between the employer and employee. Employers are not required to provide severance pay to employees who are summarily dismissed for gross misconduct or who leave their jobs without justification or notice for seven days.

Probation period

The employer can require an employee to serve a probationary period. However, the probationary period cannot exceed 3 months.

07. Working hours


In South Sudan, the standard workweek is eight hours per day and forty hours per week spread over five days. Employers who adhere to the 40-hour workweek can request a nine-hour day without incurring overtime. Employees are entitled to at least one day of rest per workweek and a 60-minute rest period after five consecutive hours of work.


Overtime is any time worked beyond the standard 40 hours per week, and workers must be compensated at 150 percent of their regular wage for these hours. Employees are permitted to work up to three overtime hours per day and ten overtime hours per week. Additionally, they may elect to receive leave in lieu of compensation for overtime work.

Overtime restrictions do not apply in emergencies where employees are tasked with averting disaster or causing damage to the workplace or its products. Additionally, overtime regulations may be waived for acts of critical public importance.

08. Minimum wage


Minimum wage standards are often left to collective bargaining agreements between businesses and workers. Employers are required to evaluate these pay standards at least every two years.

09. Employee benefits


Employers are not obliged to offer their workers with health insurance choices.

Employee incentives are not required under South Sudanese labor regulations. Union members, on the other hand, get an extra bonus. When union members want to engage in training sponsored by their labor organization, employers must offer a paid day off.

10. Why Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO?

Establishing an entity in

South Sudan

to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in

South Sudan

has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into

South Sudan

simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record solutions in

South Sudan

give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business.

Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in

South Sudan

via our Employer of Record / PEO solution.

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