Collective dismissal, dismissal owing to position abolition, unsuitability for the work, and disciplinary dismissals are all grounds for termination.
The procedure varies depending to the cause for dismissal, but in each case, the employee should be informed of the reason for dismissal prior to discharge. In the event of dismissal for misconduct, a hearing should be held to allow the employee to respond.
Notice of dismissal should be in writing. Notification of dismissal shall be sent to the competent Ministry of Labour service (except in cases of discipline dismissal) and to the workers' representative.
Accrued and unused vacation time is also owed to the employee, regardless of the reason for and manner of termination.
A fixed-term employment contract terminates at the end of the specified term or at the end of its renewal period, whichever occurs first, provided that either the employer or the employee notifies the other party in writing 15 or 8 days before the deadline expires, respectively. Unfixed-term employment contracts expire when the employer anticipates the end of the term and notifies the employee at least seven, thirty, or sixty days in advance, depending on whether the contract is for up to six months, six months to two years, or a longer period of time.
When a fixed-term contract expires as a result of an employer declaration, the employee is entitled to compensation equal to 18 days of base salary and seniority for each full year of work.
Each contract includes an evaluation period. The duration of the contract varies according to the type, ranging from 30 days to 8 months. The trial period for an indefinite employment contract may be as follows. 90 days for the majority of employees, 180 days for those in positions of technical complexity, high level of responsibility, or requiring a special qualification in trust positions, and 240 days for senior management employees. The trial period for a fixed-term employment contract may be as follows. 30 days if the contract is for six months or more; 15 days if the contract is for less than six months.