Guide to employment, payroll and benefits in


Rivermate offers complete payroll, benefits and compliance services for


01. Overview

Last updated: 

August 19, 2021

Polish Zloty
Ease of doing business
GDP growth

02. Grow your team in


with Rivermate

Payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance can be difficult to manage in


, particularly if you don't have established local relationships. You can hire employees in


effectively, conveniently, and in full compliance with all relevant labor laws using Rivermate's global employment solution. We handle the responsibilities and legal risks associated with foreign employment so you can concentrate on growing your company.

03. Summary

Poland is a country in Central Europe that is officially known as the Republic of Poland. It is divided into 16 administrative provinces and covers 312,696 square kilometers, with a mostly temperate seasonal climate. Poland is the European Union's fifth most populous member state, with a population of nearly 38.5 million people. Warsaw is Poland's capital and largest city. Kraków, ód, Wrocaw, Pozna, Gdask, and Szczecin are among the other major cities. Poland's varied topography stretches from the Baltic Sea beaches in the north to the Sudetes and Carpathian Mountains in the south. The nation is bordered to the northeast by Lithuania and Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast, to the east by Belarus and Ukraine, to the south by Slovakia and the Czech Republic, and to the west by Germany. Human presence on Polish soil dates back thousands of years. It became extremely complex in late antiquity, with numerous cultures and tribes settling on the large Central European Plain. The Western Polans, on the other hand, controlled the area and gave Poland its name. The pagan ruler of a kingdom coextensive with the territories of modern-day Poland adopted Christianity and converted to Catholicism in 966, marking the beginning of Polish statehood. The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025, and the Union of Lublin, signed in 1569, solidified the country's long-standing political ties with Lithuania. With the passing of prominence and prosperity, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth was established, one of the largest and most populous nations of 16th and 17th century Europe, with a uniquely liberal political system that adopted Europe's first modern constitution, the Constitution of 3 May 1791. The modern multi-ethnic Poland has reclaimed its place as a central player in European politics after a series of territorial conflicts. World War II began in September 1939 with Germany's invasion of Poland, followed by the Soviet invasion of Poland in conjunction with the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. During the war, approximately six million Poles were killed, including three million Jews. In the midst of global Cold War tensions, the Polish People's Republic declared itself a chief signatory of the Warsaw Treaty as a member of the Eastern Bloc. Following the events of 1989, the communist regime was deposed, and Poland was re-established as a semi-presidential democratic republic, thanks in large part to the rise and efforts of the Solidarity movement. Poland is a developed market and a regional force in Central Europe, with the sixth largest nominal GDP and fifth largest GDP in the European Union.

04. Public holidays

05. Types of leave

Paid time off

If an employee has been with the company for fewer than ten years, the employer is entitled to 20 days off.If the employee has worked with the company for ten years or longer, they are entitled to 26 days of vacation.

Public holidays

Poland recognizes thirteen public holidays.

Sick days

For employees under the age of 50, the employer pays for up to 33 days in a calendar year.Sick leave is paid by the Social Security Administration starting on the 34th day (ZUS)Employer pays up to 14 days in a calendar year for employees who are 50 years old or older.Sick leave is paid by the Social Security Office starting on the 15th day (ZUS).If the sickness occurs during pregnancy or was caused by an accident on the route to or from work, sick leave is paid at 80% of the allowance basis, or 100% of the allowance basis.ZUS pays for sick leave resulting from a workplace accident or the employee's ill kid or another ill relative.

Maternity leave

Mothers are entitled to 20 weeks of maternity leave, with the option of taking up to 6 weeks off before giving birth. Regardless matter how long a mother has worked for the current company, she is entitled to maternity leave.Parents are also entitled to 32 weeks of parental leave, which can be taken by either parent. The leaves are paid at a 100% rate for the first 26 weeks and 60% for the remaining weeks paid by the Social Security Institution (ZUS). Employees who take both maternity and parental leave will be paid an 80 percent stipend for the duration of their absence.

Paternity leave

Fathers are entitled to two weeks of paid leave, which can be taken in whole or in two halves (7 days each). Paternity leave is available until the kid becomes two years old. The Social Security Administration pays the entire amount (ZUS).

Parental leave

Until the kid reaches the age of six, parents are entitled to 36 months of unpaid leave.

Other leave

Child leave – 2 days or 16 hours to take care of a child that is 14 years old or less.2 days leave for: wedding, employee’s child’s birth, and death of a spouse a child or a parent1 day leave for: employee’s child’s wedding, or death of a sister, brother, or in-law.

06. Employment termination

Termination process

Employment can be ended through mutual consent; a 'statement of will' by one of the parties with a period of notice (termination of an employment contract with notice); or the contract term expiring. The employment contract may be ended at any time by mutual consent.

Notice period

The notice period for an employee on probation varies according to the length of the probationary period. If the probationary period is up to two weeks, there will be a three-day notice period. If the probationary period exceeds two weeks, a one-week notice will be provided. If the probationary period exceeds three months, a two-week notice will be given. Additionally, the notice period varies according to the length of employment for temporary or permanent employees. If the employee was employed for up to six months, the notice period will be two weeks. If the employee has been employed for more than six months but less than three years, the notice period is one month. If the employee has worked for the company for three years or more, the notice period will be three months.

Severance pay

Employers must pay severance if they have at least 20 employees and the employee was terminated due to the employer's fault. Employees with less than two years of service are entitled to one month's severance pay. Employees with tenures of between two and eight years are entitled to two months' severance pay. Employees with more than eight years of service are entitled to three months' severance pay.

Probation period

The probation period must not be longer than three months in Pitcairn.

07. Working hours


The standard workweek consists of forty hours spread over five days. Extended hours are permitted for up to one month if an urgent need exists, provided that the longer days are offset by shorter hours on other days.

Production enterprises that must operate continuously may have work weeks averaging 43 hours and workdays of up to 12 hours over a four-week period.


Overtime is typically only permitted in emergencies or when the employer has a specific, unique need that must be met. It is limited to a weekly maximum of eight hours and a maximum of 150 hours per year. Overtime is compensated at a percentage of the employee's standard rate and is paid if the employee works additional hours at night, on a Sunday or holiday, or on a day scheduled for leave.

The employee may elect to receive compensation in the form of time off rather than overtime pay. Executives and senior managers are entitled to overtime compensation for work performed on Sundays or holidays, but not for work exceeding 40 hours per week on average.

08. Minimum wage


The current minimum wage in Poland is 2,800 PLN.

09. Employee benefits


Poland has a universal healthcare system. After subtracting their social security payments, most workers contribute a proportion of their gross income to health insurance. The bulk of this sum is deducted from the employee's personal income tax obligation, with the remaining amount paid from the employee's net income.

Private health insurance is also widely accessible and widely used. As an employee benefit, many companies offer private health insurance.

10. Why Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO?

Establishing an entity in


to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in


has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into


simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record solutions in


give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business.

Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in


via our Employer of Record / PEO solution.

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