Guide to employment, payroll and benefits in

Morocco

Rivermate offers complete payroll, benefits and compliance services for

Morocco

01. Overview

Last updated: 

August 19, 2021

Currency
Moroccan Dirham
Capital
Rabat
Ease of doing business
73.4
Language
Arabic
Population
36910560
GDP growth
4.09%

02. Grow your team in

Morocco

with Rivermate

Payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance can be difficult to manage in

Morocco

, particularly if you don't have established local relationships. You can hire employees in

Morocco

effectively, conveniently, and in full compliance with all relevant labor laws using Rivermate's global employment solution. We handle the responsibilities and legal risks associated with foreign employment so you can concentrate on growing your company.

03. Summary

Morocco is the westernmost country in North Africa's Maghreb region, officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco. It has land boundaries with Algeria to the east and the disputed territory of Western Sahara to the south, and overlooks the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Morocco also claims the Spanish exclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Peón de Velez de la Gomera, as well as a number of small Spanish-controlled islands off the coast. Morocco has a population of 37 million people and covers an area of 710,850 km2. Its official languages are Arabic and Berber, and the main religion is Islam. French and a Moroccan dialect of Arabic are also commonly spoken. Moroccan culture is a vibrant mix of Berber, Arab, and European cultures, with Rabat as the capital and Casablanca as the largest city. Since Idris I established the first Moroccan state in 788 AD, the country has been governed by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith in the 11th and 12th centuries under the Almoravid and Almohad dynasties, when it dominated much of Iberia. The Portuguese expanded their territory to include parts of Morocco starting in the 15th century. Nonetheless, the Moroccan dynasties of Marinid and Saadi opposed foreign dominance in other ways, and Morocco was the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. In 1631, the Alaouite dynasty seized power and continues to rule Morocco today. Its strategic position near the Mediterranean's mouth, however, gradually drew the attention of European powers. Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates in 1912, with Tangier serving as an foreign region. It regained independence and reunified in 1956, and since then has been a relatively stable and prosperous country, with Africa's fifth-largest economy. Morocco claims sovereignty of the non-autonomous Western Sahara region, which it has dubbed the Southern Provinces. After Spain decided to decolonize the region and hand it over to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a civil war erupted between the two countries and some of the locals. Mauritania relinquished its claim to the region in 1979, but the war raged on. A cease-fire was reached in 1991, but the question of sovereignty remained unresolved. Morocco now controls two-thirds of the nation, and attempts to resolve the conflict have so far failed to break the diplomatic impasse. Morocco is a semi-constitutional unitary monarchy with a democratically elected parliament. The country has considerable clout in both Africa and the Arab world, and is regarded as a global middle force. The Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean, and the African Union are all members of the nation. Morocco's King wields extensive executive and legislative authority, especially over the military, foreign policy, and religious affairs.

04. Public holidays

05. Types of leave

Paid time off

An employee earns 1.5 days of leave every month after six months of continuous employment, for a total of 18 days of yearly leave.Every five years, the length of paid yearly leave is raised by one and a half days, until a maximum of 30 days is attained.

Public holidays

Morocco recognizes twelve public holidays.

Sick days

Employees are entitled to four days of paid sick leave each year, or eight half days. If the absence is expected to be more than four days, the employee must notify the employer and present a medical certificate to justify the absence.If an employee is absent from work for more than 180 days in a year due to illness, the employer may require them to quit.

Maternity leave

Employees who are pregnant are given 14 weeks of maternity leave, seven of which must be spent after the baby is born.

Paternity leave

Within the first month of the child's birth, fathers are entitled to three days of leave.

Parental leave

Apart from maternity and paternity leave, there is no parental leave.

Other leave

Marriage Leave:the employee: 4 dayschild of the employee or of a child from a previous marriage of the employee’s spouse: 2 daysBereavement Leave:spouse, of a child, of a small child, of an ascendant of the employee or of a child from a previous marriage of the employee’s spouse: 3 daysbrother, a sister of the employee, a brother or sister of the employee’s spouse or an ascendant of the spouse: 2 daysLeave for Circumcision: 2 daysLeave for surgery on the spouse or dependent child: 2 days

06. Employment termination

Termination process

Employers must have sufficient reasons and provide notice before terminating an employee.

Notice period

The length of the notice period differs between the executives and the employees. For executives and similar positions, those who have less than a year of service will receive a one-month notice. For executives with one to five years of service, the notice period is two months. For executives with more than five years of service, the notice period is three months.


For regular employees employed for less than a year, the notice period is 8 days. If the employee has been employed for 1 year to 5 years, the notice period is 1 month. Finally, for employees who have been employed for more than 5 years, the notice period is 2 months.

Severance pay

The contract employee is entitled to compensation if he or she is terminated after six months of employment with the same company. The termination indemnity is equal to 96 hours of salary for the first five years, 144 hours of salary from six to ten years, 192 hours of salary from eleven to fifteen years, and 240 hours of salary for periods exceeding fifteen years. The termination indemnity is calculated using the average weekly wage received in the fifty-two weeks preceding the contract's termination.

Probation period

Every position begins with a one-week trial period. Probation periods for executives and similar positions are set at three months, while employee probation periods are set at 1.5 months. The trial period may be extended a single time. The trial period for fixed-term contracts may not exceed one day per working week within a two-week period if the contract is less than six months in duration, and may not exceed one month if the contract is more than six months in duration.

07. Working hours

General

In Morocco, a full month of employment is defined as 26 days or 191 hours of work. The usual work year is 2,288 hours spread across 44 hours per week from Monday to Friday, assuming weekday hours do not exceed ten per day.


Weekly rest should include at least one day on Friday, Saturday, Sunday, or the weekly market day.


After discussions with labor unions, female employees may work night shifts.

Overtime

Overtime hours are limited to two per day and 80 per year. With consent from the Worker's Council, overtime may be increased to 100 hours per year. Overtime pay is 125 percent of the basic rate during the day (6 a.m. to 9 p.m.). Overtime is paid at 150 percent of the basic rate for labor performed at night (9 p.m. to 6 a.m.). Weekends and public holidays, overtime is doubled to 150 percent for daytime work and 200 percent for evening work, in addition to getting an alternate day of rest. The complete amount of overtime must be paid on the salary's next pay date.

08. Minimum wage

General

Morocco has increased the minimum salary for workers of state bodies and public administration. From 2019 to 2021, wages will progressively rise to MAD 400 or 500 per month. These salaries often change according to job and industry.

09. Employee benefits

General

Morocco's healthcare system is a mix of public and private. All Moroccans are required to join in AMO, the country's public healthcare system, which provides basic healthcare as well as some hospital treatment. Access to private clinics is also possible with private insurance.

Company pensions, extra vacation, child care allowance, transportation allowance, supplementary insurance, fitness allowance, and training allowance are all common employee perks in Morocco.

10. Why Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO?

Establishing an entity in

Morocco

to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in

Morocco

has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into

Morocco

simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record solutions in

Morocco

give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business.

Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in

Morocco

via our Employer of Record / PEO solution.

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