Employers are only permitted to fire employees for legally authorized grounds. Acceptable reasons are typically related to the employer's economic condition or to the employee's failure to execute their job or their behavior. A probationary employee may be terminated at any moment and is not entitled to severance pay.
In other circumstances, the employer must offer two months' notice if the employee is being terminated due to the liquidation or reduction of the business's workforce, and one month's notice if the employee is being terminated for the majority of performance reasons. If the employee is being terminated for grave misconduct, no notice is necessary. If an employer wishes to terminate an employee who is a member of a union, the business must first negotiate with the union. Within ten days of the consultation, the union must indicate its agreement or disagreement.
Employees may resign from their jobs by providing their employer with 14 days written notice. Employees who retire on pension, take childcare leave, enroll in an educational institution, relocate, or resign for other legally recognized reasons may resign with a shorter notice time.
Contracts with a fixed period typically expire at the end of the term. If the work relationship persists beyond the contract's expiration date without either the employer or the employee ending the relationship, the contract is automatically transformed to an indefinite-term contract.
Employees receive severance pay equal to one average week's wage for each year worked if the firm liquidates or closes.
A notice period of two months is only applicable in certain circumstances.
The severance payment is tantamount to one average week's worth of wages for every year of service by the terminated employee.
Probationary periods of up to 3 months, and six months for officials, are allowed and may not be renewed according to Labor Laws in Moldova.