Mayotte, officially known as the Department of Mayotte, is a French overseas department/region and single territorial collectivity. It is made up of two major islands, Grande-Terre and Petite-Terre, as well as numerous islets that surround them. Mayotte is part of the Comoros archipelago, which is situated in the northern Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean, between northwestern Madagascar and northeastern Mozambique, off the coast of Southeast Africa. Mayotte is more affluent than the other Mozambique Channel countries, making it a popular destination for illegal immigrants. Mayotte has a land area of 374 square kilometers and, according to official figures from January 2021, has a population density of 773 people per square kilometer. Mamoudzou, the largest city and prefecture on Grande-Terre, is the capital. On the neighboring island of Petite-Terre, the Dzaoudzi–Pamandzi International Airport is located. Maore, the native name of the territory's main island, is also used by supporters of its inclusion in the Union of the Comoros. Mayotte is one of France's four overseas departments, and like the other four, it is one of the country's 18 regions, as well as a completely incorporated part of the republic with the same status as Metropolitan France. Mayotte is a European Union outpost and, as a French overseas department, a member of the eurozone. Despite Mayotte's status as a French department, the majority of the population does not speak French as a first language, despite the fact that a majority of people aged 14 and up say they can speak French in the census. Shimaore, a Sabaki language closely similar to the varieties spoken in the neighboring Comoros Islands, is the predominant language. Kibushi, a Malagasy language, is the second most widely spoken native language, with two varieties: Kibushi Kisakalava, which is most closely related to the Sakalava dialect of Malagasy, and Kibushi Kiantalaotra. Shimaore has inspired both of them. Muslim people make up the vast majority of the population. The island was settled by people from neighboring East Africa, who were later joined by Arabs who brought Islam with them. In the year 1500, a sultanate was founded. Mayotte was captured by Andriantsoly, the former king of Iboina on Madagascar, in the 19th century, and later by the neighboring islands Mohéli and Anjouan until being purchased by France in 1841. In the 1974 Comoros independence referendum, the citizens of Mayotte voted to remain politically part of France. Following an overwhelming vote in favor of the department status in a 2009 referendum, Mayotte became an overseas department on 31 March 2011 and an outermost area of the European Union on 1 January 2014. The new department is dealing with a slew of issues and obstacles.