Guide to employment, payroll and benefits in


Rivermate offers complete payroll, benefits and compliance services for


01. Overview

Last updated: 

August 19, 2021

Mauritanian Ouguiya
Ease of doing business
GDP growth

02. Grow your team in


with Rivermate

Payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance can be difficult to manage in


, particularly if you don't have established local relationships. You can hire employees in


effectively, conveniently, and in full compliance with all relevant labor laws using Rivermate's global employment solution. We handle the responsibilities and legal risks associated with foreign employment so you can concentrate on growing your company.

03. Summary

Mauritania is a country in Northwest Africa that is formally known as the Islamic Republic of Mauritania. It is the world's twenty-eighth largest nation or dependency, Africa's eleventh largest sovereign state, and the world's largest country entirely below 1,000 meters. The Atlantic Ocean to the west, Western Sahara to the north and northwest, Algeria to the northeast, Mali to the east and southeast, and Senegal to the southwest define the borders of Mauritania. The name of the country comes from the ancient Berber kingdom of Mauretania, which is now part of Morocco and Algeria. Beginning in the 3rd century CE, Berbers occupied the region that is now Mauritania until Arabs invaded and conquered it in the 8th century, taking Islam and Islamic culture with them. Mauritania became a French colony in the late nineteenth century, during the European scramble for Africa. In 1960, Mauritania gained independence from French West Africa. It has been subjected to several coups and periods of oppressive military rule since then. General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz led the most recent coup in 2008, and he went on to win presidential elections in 2009 and 2014. The win of Mohamed Ould Ghazouani in the 2019 Mauritanian presidential election was hailed as the country's first peaceful transfer of power since independence. The Sahara covers roughly 90% of Mauritania's territory. As a result, the majority of the country's residents live in the south, where precipitation is marginally higher. Nouakchott, the capital and largest port, is located on the Atlantic coast. Around a third of the country's 4 million population live there. The official language is Arabic. Due to Mauritania's past as a French colony, French is also commonly spoken. The official religion of Mauritania is Islam, and the majority of its people are Sunni Muslims. The Bidhan, or so-called "white moors," make up 30% of the population, while the Haratin, or so-called "black moors," make up 40%. The rest of the people are mostly from sub-Saharan Africa. Mauritania remains impoverished despite its abundant natural resources. Agriculture and livestock are the mainstays of the country's economy. Mining, petroleum processing, and fishing are among the country's main industries. Mauritania has been chastised for its weak human rights record, including the country's continued use of slavery, which is the product of a historical caste system between the Bidhan and Haratin, despite abolishing it in 1981 and criminalizing it in 2007. Mauritanian law enforcement has also been accused of torturing people on a regular basis.

04. Public holidays

05. Types of leave

Paid time off

Employees who have worked for at least one year are eligible for annual leave, which accrues at a rate of 1.5 days each month of employment. Employees who work outside of Mauritania earn three days of yearly leave every month of employment. Employees who have worked with the company for ten years are entitled to an extra day a month. Employees with 15 years of service are entitled to two additional days each month. Finally, employees who have worked for the company for more than 20 years are entitled to an additional three days of leave a month.Employees are also entitled to ten days of unpaid family leave in the event of an emergency.

Public holidays

Mauritania observes the following public holidays:New Year’s DayLabor Day/May DayEl FitrAfrica’s Liberation DayEl AdhaMouharramEl Mawlid

Sick days

Individual or group agreements govern sick leave.

Maternity leave

Employees who are female are entitled to 14 weeks of paid maternity leave. After the birth, eight of those weeks must be taken. Mothers are also entitled to an extra day of vacation each year for each kid under the age of 14. For the first 15 months following childbirth, new moms are allotted one hour every day to breastfeed.

Paternity leave

There is no statutory paternity leave.

Parental leave

Other than the already mentioned terms for maternity leave, there are no other provisions in the law in Mauritiana regarding parental leave.

Other leave

06. Employment termination

Termination process

An employment contract may be terminated at the end of the term (if the contract is for a specified duration), by the employer (with or without notice), by the employee, by mutual consent, upon the employee's death, or due to force majeure rendering the contract unusable.

Employers are often required to present an employee with a written explanation for their dismissal. If notice is required for dismissal, the notice period begins upon receipt of the written cause for termination.

Without notice, either the employer or the employee may end an employment contract during the probationary (trial) period.

Notice period

In general, the notice period is set by the individual or specified in the collective bargaining agreement.

Severance pay

There are no provisions in the law regarding severance payment.

Probation period

The probation period varies depending on the collective bargaining agreement.

07. Working hours


In Mauritania, the standard workweek is 40 hours and days are eight hours.


Collective bargaining agreements govern overtime pay.

08. Minimum wage


The current monthly minimum wage in Mauritania is 3,000 Mauritanian ouguiyas (30,000 old ouguiyas).

09. Employee benefits


Employers and workers both pay to Mauritania's public healthcare system. Employers contribute a proportion of workers' gross monthly wages, while employees make a somewhat smaller contribution.

A probationary term, pay on yearly vacations, public holidays, sick leaves, maternity leave, paternity leave, and overtime pay are all mandated by law. Social security payments are sometimes included in statutory benefits.

10. Why Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO?

Establishing an entity in


to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in


has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into


simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record solutions in


give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business.

Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in


via our Employer of Record / PEO solution.

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