Latvia, officially the Republic of Latvia, is a country in Northern Europe's Baltic region. It is one of the Baltic states, bordered on the north by Estonia, on the south by Lithuania, on the east by Russia, on the southeast by Belarus, and on the west by Sweden. Latvia has a population of 1.9 million people and a land area of 64,589 km2. The climate in the country is mild throughout the year. Riga is the capital and largest city of Latvia. Latvians are part of the Balt ethnolinguistic community and speak Latvian, one of the two remaining Baltic languages. Russians make up a significant minority in the region, accounting for 24% of the total population. The Republic of Latvia was founded on 18 November 1918, when it broke away from the German Empire and proclaimed independence in the aftermath of World War I, after centuries of German, Swedish, Polish-Lithuanian, and Russian rule, much of which was carried out by the Baltic German aristocracy. However, by the 1930s, the nation had become increasingly autocratic after the coup in 1934 establishing an autocratic government. Latvia's de facto independence was shattered at the start of World War II, with the country's forcible absorption into the Soviet Union, followed by Nazi Germany's invasion and occupation in 1941, and the Soviets' re-occupation in 1944 to create the Latvian SSR for the next 45 years. The peaceful Singing Revolution began in 1987 and ended on August 21, 1991, when de facto independence was restored. Latvia has been a federal, unitary parliamentary republic since then. Latvia is a developing nation with a high-income industrialized economy and a Human Development Index score of 100. In terms of civil liberties, press freedom, internet freedom, democratic governance, living standards, and peacefulness, it performs well. Latvia is a member of the European Union, Eurozone, NATO, the Council of Europe, the United Nations, CBSS, the IMF, NB8, NIB, OECD, OSCE, and WTO. It is also a member of the European Union, Eurozone, NATO, the Council of Europe, the United Nations, CBSS, the IMF, NB8, NIB, OECD, OSCE, and WTO.