Guide to employment, payroll and benefits in

Holy See

Rivermate offers complete payroll, benefits and compliance services for

Holy See

01. Overview

Last updated: 

August 19, 2021

Vatican City
Ease of doing business
GDP growth

02. Grow your team in

Holy See

with Rivermate

Payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance can be difficult to manage in

Holy See

, particularly if you don't have established local relationships. You can hire employees in

Holy See

effectively, conveniently, and in full compliance with all relevant labor laws using Rivermate's global employment solution. We handle the responsibilities and legal risks associated with foreign employment so you can concentrate on growing your company.

03. Summary

The Holy See, also known as the See of Rome, is the authority of the Bishop of Rome, also known as the Pope, and includes the apostolic episcopal see of the Diocese of Rome, which has universal ecclesiastical jurisdiction over the worldwide Catholic Church, as well as the Vatican City, which is governed by a sovereign body of international law. According to Catholic tradition, it was established in the first century by Saints Peter and Paul and serves as the focal point of full communion for Catholic Christians all over the world due to Petrine and Papal primacy. The Holy See, as a sovereign body, is based in, functions from, and has "exclusive dominion" over the autonomous Vatican City State enclave in Rome, over which the pope is sovereign. It is divided into the Latin Church's polities and the 23 Eastern Catholic Churches' dioceses and religious institutes. The Holy See is governed by the Roman Curia, the Catholic Church's central government. The Roman Curia is divided into dicasteries, which are similar to ministries and executive offices, and is led by the Cardinal Secretary of State. The College of Cardinals is in charge of papal elections. Although the Holy See is often referred to simply as "the Vatican," the Vatican City State was created with the Lateran Treaty of 1929 between the Holy See and Italy to guarantee the papacy's temporal, diplomatic, and spiritual freedom. As a result, papal nuncios, who serve as papal ambassadors to states and foreign organisations, are regarded by the Catholic Church as serving the Holy See rather than the Vatican City State. As a result, the Holy See is regarded as the Catholic Church's central government. In contrast, the Catholic Church is the world's largest non-governmental provider of education and health care. The Holy See's diplomatic status allows its extensive international network of charities easier access. The Holy See maintains bilateral diplomatic relations with 183 sovereign states, signs concordats and treaties, and engages in multilateral diplomacy with a variety of intergovernmental bodies, including the United Nations and its agencies, the Council of Europe, the European Communities, and others.

04. Public holidays

05. Types of leave

Paid time off

Public holidays

Sick days

Maternity leave

Paternity leave

Parental leave

Other leave

06. Employment termination

Termination process

Notice period

Severance pay

Probation period

07. Working hours


Each week, the standard length of work is 40 hours. Employees who work more than six hours per day should be provided with a break during the workday. Additionally, it is market standard in Italy to compensate employees for overtime work.


There are no regulations regarding overtime work in Holy See.

08. Minimum wage


Although compensation laws in the Holy See are not expressly stated in the constitution or other legal codes, adhering to regional market standards can be extremely beneficial in attracting exceptional candidates to your team. Italy does not have a minimum wage requirement, but it is prudent to pay an acceptable wage that is in line with local living standards in order to provide the best possible benefits to your employees.

09. Employee benefits


In Italy, the Servizio Sanitario Nazionale (SSN) provides national health insurance. Because citizenship in Vatican City is determined by residency rather than birth, your employees will most likely be nonnationals. The benefits to which they are entitled may be determined by current Italian standards. You can also provide benefits to your employees by purchasing private health care coverage.

It is common practice in Italy to give employees a large bonus just before Christmas. It's also known as the 13th-month bonus or annual bonus, and it's something you should think about offering to your employees.

10. Why Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO?

Establishing an entity in

Holy See

to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in

Holy See

has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into

Holy See

simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record solutions in

Holy See

give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business.

Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in

Holy See

via our Employer of Record / PEO solution.

Ready to get started? Our friendly staff is ready to assist you with all your questions, let's connect.