Guide to employment, payroll and benefits in

Haiti

Rivermate offers complete payroll, benefits and compliance services for

Haiti

01. Overview

Last updated: 

August 19, 2021

Currency
Haitian Gourde
Capital
Port-au-prince
Ease of doing business
40.7
Language
French
Population
11402528
GDP growth
1.17%

02. Grow your team in

Haiti

with Rivermate

Payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance can be difficult to manage in

Haiti

, particularly if you don't have established local relationships. You can hire employees in

Haiti

effectively, conveniently, and in full compliance with all relevant labor laws using Rivermate's global employment solution. We handle the responsibilities and legal risks associated with foreign employment so you can concentrate on growing your company.

03. Summary

Haiti (French: Hati), officially the Republic of Haiti (formerly Hayti), is a Caribbean nation situated on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago, to the east of Cuba and Jamaica and to the south of the Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Islands. It is located on the western third of the island, which it shares with the Dominican Republic. The small island of Navassa Island, to its south-west, is claimed by Haiti but is contested as a US territory under federal administration. Haiti is 27,750 square kilometers in size, the third largest country in the Caribbean by land area, and has a population of 11.4 million people, making it the Caribbean's most populated country. The Tano people, who originated in South America, were the first to live on the island. The first Europeans arrived on December 5, 1492, during Christopher Columbus' first voyage, which led him to believe he had discovered India or China. After that, Columbus founded La Navidad, the first European settlement in the Americas, on what is now Haiti's northeastern coast. Spain claimed the island and renamed it La Espaola, and it remained a part of the Spanish Empire until the early 17th century. The western part of the island, which was later called Saint-Domingue, was ceded to France in 1697 due to conflicting claims and treaties by the French. French colonists founded lucrative sugarcane plantations, which were labored on by large numbers of African slaves, making the colony one of the wealthiest in the world. Slaves and free people of color initiated the Haitian Revolution during the French Revolution, headed by Toussaint Louverture, a former slave and the first black general in the French Army. Napoleon Bonaparte's forces were defeated by Louverture's successor, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, on January 1, 1804—the first independent nation of Latin America and the Caribbean, the second republic in the Americas, the first country to abolish slavery, and the only state in history established by a victorious slave revolt. Except for Alexandre Pétion, the Republic's first President, all of Haiti's early leaders were former slaves. After a brief period of division, President Jean-Pierre Boyer reunited the nation and then tried to put all of Hispaniola under Haitian rule, sparking a series of wars that lasted until the 1870s, when Haiti officially recognized the Dominican Republic's independence. Political turmoil, foreign isolation, and the payment of a crushing debt to France marked Haiti's first century of independence. From 1915 to 1934, the United States occupied the country due to political instability and international economic control.

04. Public holidays

05. Types of leave

Paid time off

Employees in Haiti have 15 days of paid leave, including 13 working days and two Sundays, in addition to public holidays. Vacation days are not added together.

Public holidays

Haiti observes the following public holidays:Independence DayFounders DayMardi GrasAsh WednesdayGood FridayLabour and Agricultural DayFlag and University DayAscension DayCorpus ChristiAssumption DayAnniversary of JJ Dessalines’ DeathAll Saints’ DayAll Souls’ DayVertières Battle DayChristmas Day

Sick days

After one year of work, employees are entitled to 15 days of paid sick leave every year. Employees with less than a year of service are eligible for a prorated number of sick days. A medical certificate is required of all employees.

Maternity leave

Female employees are entitled to 12 weeks of maternity leave, six weeks before and six weeks after the birth of their child. Maternity leave is extended if the baby is born after the due date, allowing for a total of six weeks off following the delivery. While on maternity leave, female employees are paid 100% of their income through the Office of Workers' Compensation Insurance, Maternity and Sickness (OFATMA). Employees on maternity leave can only be fired if they are misbehaving.

Paternity leave

There is no statutory paternity leave in Haiti.

Parental leave

Other than the already mentioned terms regarding maternity leave in Guyana, there are no other provisions in the law regarding parental leave.

Other leave

06. Employment termination

Termination process

Employment can be ended by mutual accord, by the employer (with or without cause), or by the employee.


Employers may terminate an employee without notice for threatening or abusive behavior, property damage, unauthorized absence for three consecutive days or four consecutive days in a month, failure to follow accident prevention measures, lying about qualifications, imprisonment for more than one month, or contract breach. Employers must notify the Labor Department of the termination and offer a cause for the termination. The Labor Department will investigate the termination and, if there is a disagreement, will refer the subject to arbitration. If the termination is determined to be unlawful, damages and compensation may be given.


By mutual consent, an employment contract may be dissolved without notice. If the job contract is also in writing, the mutual agreement must be in writing. If the employment contract is verbal, consent to terminate may be given in writing or orally in the presence of two witnesses.

Notice period

Workers with more than three months of service are only needed to get termination notices. The length of notice varies depending on the length of employment. You must pay the employee severance equal to the salary they would have earned during the notice period if the termination is effective immediately.

Severance pay

Severance payments are typically between one and three weeks' earnings.

Probation period

Employees in Haiti may be terminated within the probation period.

07. Working hours

General

The typical workweek is 48 hours, or eight hours per day for six days. During the week, employees are entitled to a continuous rest period of 24 hours. Between the hours of 6 p.m. and 6 a.m., night work occurs. Night work is permitted only when it is physically impossible to perform the work during the day and is limited to eight hours per day.


Individuals 14 years or older may enter an apprenticeship in exchange for instruction and 40% of the legal minimum daily wage. Apprentices must pass a medical examination.

Overtime

The maximum amount of overtime permitted is two hours per day, 80 hours per quarter, or 320 hours per year. The majority of employees earn 50% more in overtime than they do on a regular basis.

08. Minimum wage

General

While Haiti has a set minimum wage, it varies by industry segment. Certain employees are required to earn a set hourly wage, while others, particularly in the garment industry, are compensated on a piece rate basis. The following details the minimum wages in various industries as of 2019.


Segment A has a minimum wage of 550 gourdes per day.

Segment B has a minimum wage of 440 gourdes per day.

Segment C has a minimum wage of 385 gourdes per day.


Servants who work a standard eight-hour day are compensated with 250 gourdes. Employees of export-oriented piecework firms earn 500 gourdes, while those employed by private education and health institutions earn 440 gourdes.

09. Employee benefits

General

Employees are required to receive a bonus between December 24 and the end of the year. The bonus must be at least one month's worth of the worker's annual salary. This bonus is available to all employees, regardless of length of service.

Within 15 days of the launch, all employers must register with OFATMA. Employers must contribute 6% of each employee's monthly salary to this insurance. You must also register with the National Old Age Insurance Office in order to make pension contributions.

10. Why Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO?

Establishing an entity in

Haiti

to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in

Haiti

has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into

Haiti

simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record solutions in

Haiti

give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business.

Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in

Haiti

via our Employer of Record / PEO solution.

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