Guide to employment, payroll and benefits in

Ghana

Rivermate offers complete payroll, benefits and compliance services for

Ghana

01. Overview

Last updated: 

August 19, 2021

Currency
Ghanaian New Cedi
Capital
Accra
Ease of doing business
60
Language
Ewe
Population
31072940
GDP growth
8.14%

02. Grow your team in

Ghana

with Rivermate

Payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance can be difficult to manage in

Ghana

, particularly if you don't have established local relationships. You can hire employees in

Ghana

effectively, conveniently, and in full compliance with all relevant labor laws using Rivermate's global employment solution. We handle the responsibilities and legal risks associated with foreign employment so you can concentrate on growing your company.

03. Summary

Ghana is a country in West Africa, officially known as the Republic of Ghana. It is bordered on the west by the Ivory Coast, on the north by Burkina Faso, on the east by Togo, and on the south by the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. Ghana has a population of 31 million people and a land area of 238,535 km2. Accra is the capital and largest city of Ghana, which is the second most populous country in West Africa after Nigeria. The Bono State, the first permanent kingdom in what is now Ghana, dates back to the 11th century. Over the ages, numerous kingdoms and empires arose, the most important of which were the Kingdom of Dagbon and the Ashanti Empire. The Portuguese Empire, followed by several other European powers, fought for trade rights in the region beginning in the 15th century, before the British took possession of the coast in the late 19th century. What are now Ghana's boundaries follow the lines of what were four independent British colonial territories: the Gold Coast, Ashanti, Northern Territories, and British Togoland, after more than a century of native resistance. Ghana is a multinational state that is home to a number of cultural, linguistic, and religious communities. It was unified as an autonomous dominion within the Commonwealth of Nations on March 6, 1957. According to the 2010 census, 71.2% of Ghana's population was Christian, 17.6% was Muslim, and 5.2% followed traditional religions. From coastal savannahs to tropical rain forests, Ghana's geography and ecology are complex. It is a unitary constitutional democracy, with a president who serves as both the head of state and the head of government. Ghana's rising economic growth and democratic political structure have boosted the country's regional presence in West Africa. The African Union, the Economic Community of West African States, the Group of 24 and the Commonwealth of Nations are all members of the Non-Aligned Movement.

04. Public holidays

05. Types of leave

Paid time off

After serving for at least 12 months in Ghana, the minimum annual leave is 15 working days.

Public holidays

Ghana recognizes 13 public holidays.

Sick days

Except that sick leave must be approved by a doctor and is not included in the paid leave entitlement, there are no specific labor rules on sick pay.

Maternity leave

Maternity leave is 12 weeks long, though it can be extended in certain circumstances. A mother is entitled to one hour during the workday after returning from maternity leave to feed her child before the child hits the age of one year.

Paternity leave

There are no provisions in the Ghana law regarding paternity leave.

Parental leave

There are no provisions in the Ghana law regarding parental leave.

Other leave

06. Employment termination

Termination process

The employee or the employer may end the employment contract at any time in Ghana. Termination notices must be in writing.


If an employee believes their termination was unjust, they may file a claim with the labor court and, in some situations, have their employment reinstated. Unfair terminations may occur for the following reasons: the employee intends to join a union; the employee is pregnant or absent due to maternity leave; the employee is terminated due to race or religion; the employee is disabled; and the employee is forced to terminate due to the employer's inaction following multiple harassment complaints.

Notice period

The following is the Ghanaian notice period. There will be a one-month notice period or one-month salary in lieu of notice for contracts of three or more years. Two weeks' notice or two weeks' compensation in lieu of notice will be provided for employment contracts of less than three years. There will be seven days' notice in the case of a week-to-week contract. A contract that is determinable at will by any party may be terminated without notice at the end of the day. Unless the employment contract has a "at will" clause, it is possible to pay the employee in lieu of notice. An employee can be fired without warning at the end of a working day under this situation.

Severance pay

The employer is not required to give severance compensation to the employee. However, the employer is required to pay the employee any wages earned before to termination, any deferred pay owed to the employee, and any compensation owed to the employee. Additionally to the foregoing, expatriates shall be compensated for travel and repatriation expenses, including those of their family members.

Probation period

Probation period is not outlined in the law, except for that that it should be reasonable. In general, probation periods are agreed upon in collective agreements.

07. Working hours

General

A typical workweek is 40 hours, or eight hours per day, for five days. Employees receive a 12-hour rest period spread over 24 or 48 hours in a week. Those under the age of 18 years may be employed only if a physician certifies them fit. They are not suitable for use in hazardous environments or underground mines. Evening work occurs between the hours of 10 p.m. and 7 a.m., and a pregnant woman is unable to work during those hours.

Overtime

Unless both parties agree, employees are not permitted to work overtime. While the law requires that overtime be compensated, it does not specify the rate of pay. Overtime, on the other hand, is typically compensated at a rate of 150 percent of regular pay. Overtime pay is 200 percent of regular pay on weekends and holidays.

08. Minimum wage

General

In Ghana, the daily minimum wage is 11.82 GHS, or 319.14 GHS per month.

09. Employee benefits

General

State and compulsory benefits include old-age pensions, death and long-term disability pensions, short-term sickness benefits, redundancy benefits, occupational accidents and diseases, maternity benefits, medical emergency benefits, and fair treatment and compensation.

Ghana has national health insurance that covers all citizens' basic health care needs.

10. Why Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO?

Establishing an entity in

Ghana

to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in

Ghana

has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into

Ghana

simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record solutions in

Ghana

give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business.

Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in

Ghana

via our Employer of Record / PEO solution.

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