Guide to employment, payroll and benefits in


Rivermate offers complete payroll, benefits and compliance services for


01. Overview

Last updated: 

August 19, 2021

Gambian Dalasi
Ease of doing business
GDP growth

02. Grow your team in


with Rivermate

Payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance can be difficult to manage in


, particularly if you don't have established local relationships. You can hire employees in


effectively, conveniently, and in full compliance with all relevant labor laws using Rivermate's global employment solution. We handle the responsibilities and legal risks associated with foreign employment so you can concentrate on growing your company.

03. Summary

Gambia, officially the Republic of the Gambia, is a West African nation. Except for its western coast on the Atlantic Ocean, it is the smallest nation on mainland Africa, surrounded by Senegal. The Gambia is bordered on both sides by the lower reaches of the Gambia River, which runs through the heart of the country and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. It covers 10,689 square kilometers and has a population of 1,857,181 people, according to the April 2013 census. Banjul is the Gambian capital and the largest metropolitan area in the world. Serekunda and Brikama are the two largest cities. The Gambia shares historical origins with many other West African nations in the slave trade, which was a crucial factor in the establishment and maintenance of a colony on the Gambia River, first by the Portuguese and known as A Gâmbia at the time. The Gambia was officially incorporated into the British Empire on May 25, 1765, when the government formally took power, creating the Gambia Colony and Protectorate. Dawda Jawara, who ruled until Yahya Jammeh seized power in a bloodless coup in 1994, led the Gambia to independence in 1965. After beating Jammeh in the December 2016 elections, Adama Barrow became Gambia's third president in January 2017. Jammeh initially accepted the findings, but refused to recognize them, resulting in a constitutional crisis and military intervention by the Economic Community of West African States, which led to his exile.The Gambia's economy is dominated by farming, fishing, and, especially, tourism. In 2015, 48.6% of the population was considered poor. Poverty is much more prevalent in rural areas, with about 70% of people living in poverty.

04. Public holidays

05. Types of leave

Paid time off

An employee's yearly leave is defined by the terms of their employment contract between the employee and the company. Annual leave is compensated at 100% of the employee's regular salary. If a public holiday falls within an employee's yearly leave, he or she is entitled to an additional day's salary as compensation.

Public holidays

New Year’s DayIndependence DayGood FridayEaster MondayLabour DayLaylat al-QadrEid al-FitrAfrica DayRevolution DayEid al-AdhaAssumption DayAshuraProphets BirthdayChristmas

Sick days

An employee's sick leave is governed by their employment contract or a collective bargaining agreement. The work contract also determines the rate at which sick leave is paid.

Maternity leave

Female employees who meet the requirements are entitled to 12 weeks of paid maternity leave. The first six weeks are taken prior to the kid's expected due date, and the last six weeks are taken after the kid is delivered. The company covers the entire cost of the employee's wage. Female employees must have worked for the same employer for two years prior to taking the leave to be eligible.

Paternity leave

There are no provisions in the Gambian law regarding paternity leave.

Parental leave

Other than the already mentioned terms regarding maternity and paternity leaves, there are no other provisions in the law in Gabon regarding parental leave.

Other leave

06. Employment termination

Termination process

Fixed-term employment contracts may be cancelled by either the employer or the employee at the end of the contract period. During the probationary phase, either side may terminate the employment contract without cause. Additionally, an employer may remove an employee without notice for extreme wrongdoing. Employers are required to submit a written explanation for a significant misconduct termination upon the terminated employee's request. Employees who have been terminated for serious misconduct have the right to react to the employer's allegations. For non-serious misconduct occurring outside of the probation period, either the employer or employee may terminate the employment contract by providing notice.

Notice period

A fixed-term contract has a 14-day notice period. For an indefinite length contract, the notice period is determined by the employee's tenure and the salary payment interval.

Severance pay

Dismissals for redundancy are governed by special rules.

Probation period

The probationary period cannot exceed 12 months for skilled workers.

07. Working hours


Monday through Friday, the standard workday is eight hours.

Gambia places restrictions and requirements on the employment of young workers. Violations of these rules may result in severe penalties. Employment requires a minimum age of sixteen.


Gambia's labor law is silent on work hour limits, overtime, rest periods, and work schedules in general.

08. Minimum wage


The minimum wage in The Gambia is 50 dalasi per day, or $1.25. The minimum wage was last changed in 2015, so the employer should keep an eye out for any changes in the coming years. If the employees are members of a trade union or a collective bargaining agreement, the Gambia compensation laws may change (CBA).

09. Employee benefits


Gambia offers free healthcare to all citizens.

10. Why Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO?

Establishing an entity in


to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in


has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into


simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record solutions in


give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business.

Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in


via our Employer of Record / PEO solution.

Ready to get started? Our friendly staff is ready to assist you with all your questions, let's connect.